| DRUGS INDEX | MANUFACTURERS INDEX | HEALTH | ANATOMY | GEOGRAPHY | USA STATISTICS | CHINA STATISTICS | JOBS |

Benzaclin Topical Gel (Dermik)

Custom Search
  • Description
  • Chemical Structure
  • Chemical Structure
  • Clinical Pharmacology
  • Clinical Studies
  • Indications and Usage
  • Contraindications
  • Warnings
  • Precautions
  • Adverse Reactions
  • Dosage and Administration
  • How Supplied

    - Drugs index
    - Manufacturers
    - Feedback

  • DESCRIPTION

    BenzaClin® Topical Gel contains clindamycin phosphate, (7(S)-chloro-7-deoxylincomycin-2-phosphate). Clindamycin phosphate is a water soluble ester of the semi-synthetic antibiotic produced by a 7(S)-chloro-substitution of the 7(R)-hydroxyl group of the parent antibiotic lincomycin.

    Chemically, clindamycin phosphate is (C 18 H 34 ClN 2 O 8 PS). The structural formula for clindamycin is represented below:

    Clindamycin phosphate has molecular weight of 504.97 and its chemical name is Methyl 7-chloro-6,7,8-trideoxy-6-(1-methyl-trans-4-propyl-L-2-pyrrolidinecarboxamido)-1thio-L-threo-alpha-D-galacto-octopyranoside 2-(dihydrogen phosphate).

    BenzaClin Topical Gel also contains benzoyl peroxide, for topical use. Chemically, benzoyl peroxide is (C 14 H 10 O 4 ). It has the following structural formula:

    Benzoyl peroxide has a molecular weight of 242.23.

    Each gram of BenzaClin Topical Gel contains, as dispensed, 10 mg (1%) clindamycin as phosphate and 50 mg (5%) benzoyl peroxide in a base of carbomer, sodium hydroxide, dioctyl sodium sulfosuccinate, and purified water.

    CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

    An in vitro percutaneous penetration study comparing BenzaClin Topical Gel and topical 1% clindamycin gel alone, demonstrated there was no statistical difference in penetration between the two drugs. Mean systemic bioavailability of topical clindamycin in BenzaClin Topical Gel is suggested to be less than 1%.

    Benzoyl peroxide has been shown to be absorbed by the skin where it is converted to benzoic acid. Less than 2% of the dose enters systemic circulation as benzoic acid. It is suggested that the lipophilic nature of benzoyl peroxide acts to concentrate the compound into the lipid-rich sebaceous follicle.

    Microbiology:

    The clindamycin and benzoyl peroxide components individually have been shown to have in vitro activity against Propionibacterium acnes an organism which has been associated with acne vulgaris; however, the clinical significance of this activity against P. acnes was not examined in clinical trials with this product.

    CLINICAL STUDIES

    In two adequate and well controlled clinical studies of 758 patients, 214 used BenzaClin , 210 used benzoyl peroxide, 168 used clindamycin, and 166 used vehicle. BenzaClin applied twice daily for 10 weeks was significantly more effective than vehicle in the treatment of moderate to moderately severe facial acne vulgaris. Patients were evaluated and acne lesions counted at each clinical visit; weeks, 2, 4, 6, 8 and 10. The primary efficacy measures were the lesion counts and the investigator's global assessment evaluated at week 10. Patients were instructed to wash the face with a mild soap, using only the hands. Fifteen minutes after the face was thoroughly dry, application was made to the entire face. Non-medicated make-up could be applied at one hour after the BenzaClin application. If a moisturizer was required, the patients were provided a moisturizer to be used as needed. Patients were instructed to avoid sun exposure. Percent reductions in lesion counts after treatment for 10 weeks in these two studies are shown below:

    Study 1
    BenzaClin
    n=120
    Benzoyl
    peroxide
    n=120
    Clindamycin
    n=120
    Vehicle
    n=120
    Mean percent reduction in inflammatory lesion counts
    46% 32% 16% +3%
    Mean percent reduction in non-inflammatory lesion counts
    22% 22% 9% +1%
    Mean percent reduction in total lesion counts
    36% 28% 15% 0.2%
    Study 2
    BenzaClin
    n=95
    Benzoyl
    peroxide
    n=95
    Clindamycin
    n=49
    Vehicle
    n=48
    Mean percent reduction in inflammatory lesion counts
    63% 53% 45% 42%
    Mean percent reduction in non-inflammatory lesion counts
    54% 50% 39% 36%
    Mean percent reduction in total lesion counts
    58% 52% 42% 39%

    The BenzaClin group showed greater overall improvement than the benzoyl peroxide, clindamycin and vehicle groups as rated by the investigator.

    INDICATIONS AND USAGE

    BenzaClin Topical Gel is indicated for the topical treatment of acne vulgaris.

    CONTRAINDICATIONS

    BenzaClin Topical Gel is contraindicated in those individuals who have shown hypersensitivity to any of its components or to lincomycin. It is also contraindicated in those having a history of regional enteritis, ulcerative colitis, or antiobiotic-associated colitis.

    WARNINGS

    ORALLY AND PARENTERALLY ADMINISTERED CLINDAMYCIN HAS BEEN ASSOCIATED WITH SEVERE COLITIS WHICH MAY RESULT IN PATIENT DEATH. USE OF THE TOPICAL FORMULATION OF CLINDAMYCIN RESULTS IN ABSORPTION OF THE ANTIBIOTIC FROM THE SKIN SURFACE. DIARRHEA, BLOODY DIARRHEA, AND COLITIS (INCLUDING PSEUDOMEMBRANOUS COLITIS) HAVE BEEN REPORTED WITH THE USE OF TOPICAL AND SYSTEMIC CLINDAMYCIN. STUDIES INDICATE A TOXIN(S) PRODUCED BY CLOSTRIDIA IS ONE PRIMARY CAUSE OF ANTIBIOTIC-ASSOCIATED COLITIS. THE COLITIS IS USUALLY CHARACTERIZED BY SEVERE PERSISTENT DIARRHEA AND SEVERE ABDOMINAL CRAMPS AND MAY BE ASSOCIATED WITH THE PASSAGE OF BLOOD AND MUCUS. ENDOSCOPIC EXAMINATION MAY REVEAL PSEUDOMEMBRANOUS COLITIS. STOOL CULTURE FOR Clostridium Difficile AND STOOL ASSAY FOR C. Difficile TOXIN MAY BE HELPFUL DIAGNOSTICALLY. WHEN SIGNIFICANT DIARRHEA OCCURS, THE DRUG SHOULD BE DISCONTINUED. LARGE BOWEL ENDOSCOPY SHOULD BE CONSIDERED TO ESTABLISH A DEFINITIVE DIAGNOSIS IN CASES OF SEVERE DIARRHEA.

    ANTIPERISTALTIC AGENTS SUCH AS OPIATES AND DIPHENOXYLATE WITH ATROPINE MAY PROLONG AND/OR WORSEN THE CONDITION. DIARRHEA, COLITIS, AND PSEUDOMEMBRANOUS COLITIS HAVE BEEN OBSERVED TO BEGIN UP TO SEVERAL WEEKS FOLLOWING CESSATION OF ORAL AND PARENTERAL THERAPY WITH CLINDAMYCIN.

    Mild cases of pseudomembranous colitis usually respond to drug discontinuation alone. In moderate to severe cases, consideration should be given to management with fluids and electrolytes, protein supplementation and treatment with an antibacterial drug clinically effective against C. difficile colitis.

    PRECAUTIONS

    General:    For dermatological use only; not for ophthalmic use. Concomitant topical acne therapy should be used with caution because a possible cumulative irritancy effect may occur, especially with the use of peeling, desquamating, or abrasive agents.

    The use of antibiotic agents may be associated with the overgrowth of nonsusceptible organisms including fungi. If this occurs, discontinue use of this medication and take appropriate measures.

    Avoid contact with eyes and mucous membranes.

    Clindamyin and erythromycin containing products should not be used in combination. In vitro studies have shown antagonism between these two antimicrobials. The clinical significance of this in vitro antagonism is not known.

    Information for Patients:    Patients using BenzaClin Topical Gel should receive the following information and instructions:

    1. BenzaClin Topical Gel is to be used as directed by the physician. It is for external use only. Avoid contact with eyes, and inside the nose, mouth, and all mucous membranes, as this product may be irritating.
    2. This medication should not be used for any disorder other than that for which it was prescribed.
    3. Patients should not use any other topical acne preparation unless otherwise directed by physician.
    4. Patients should minimize or avoid exposure to natural or artificial sunlight (tanning beds or UVA/B treatment) while using BenzaClin Topical Gel . To minimize exposure to sunlight, a wide-brimmed hat or other protective clothing should be worn, and a sunscreen with SPF 15 rating or higher should be used.
    5. Patients should report any signs of local adverse reactions to their physician.
    6. BenzaClin Topical Gel may bleach hair or colored fabric.
    7. BenzaClin Topical Gel can be stored at room temperature up to 25°C (77°F) for 3 months. Do not freeze. Discard any unused product after 3 months.
    8. Before applying BenzaClin Topical Gel to affected areas wash the skin gently, then rinse with warm water and pat dry.

    Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility: Benzoyl peroxide has been shown to be a tumor promoter and progression agent in a number of animal studies. The clinical significance of this is unknown.

    Benzoyl peroxide in acetone at doses of 5 and 10 mg administered twice per week induced skin tumors in transgenic Tg.AC mice in a study using 20 weeks of topical treatment.

    In a 52 week dermal photocarcinogenicity study in hairless mice, the median time to onset of skin tumor formation was decreased and the number of tumors per mouse increased following chronic concurrent topical administration of BenzaClin Topical Gel with exposure to ultraviolet radiation (40 weeks of treatment followed by 12 weeks of observation).

    Genotoxicity studies were not conducted with BenzaClin Topical Gel. Clindamycin phosphate was not genotoxic in Salmonella typhimurium or in a rat micronucleus test. Clindamycin phosphate sulfoxide, an oxidative degradation product of clindamycin phosphate and benzoyl peroxide, was not clastogenic in a mouse micronucleus test. Benzoyl peroxide has been found to cause DNA strand breaks in a variety of mammalian cell types, to be mutagenic in S. typhimurium tests by some but not all investigators, and to cause sister chromatid exchanges in Chinese hamster ovary cells. Studies have not been performed with BenzaClin Topical Gel or benzoyl peroxide to evaluate the effect on fertility. Fertility studies in rats treated orally with up to 300 mg/kg/day of clindamycin (approximately 120 times the amount of clindamycin in the highest recommended adult human dose of 2.5 g BenzaClin Topical Gel , based on mg/m 2 ) revealed no effects on fertility or mating ability.

    Pregnancy: Teratogenic Effects: Pregnancy Category C: Animal reproductive/developmental toxicity studies have not been conducted with BenzaClin Topical Gel or benzoyl peroxide. Developmental toxicity studies performed in rats and mice using oral doses of clindamycin up to 600 mg/kg/day (240 and 120 times amount of clindamycin in the highest recommended adult human dose based on mg/m 2 , respectively) or subcutaneous doses of clindamycin up to 250 mg/kg/day (100 and 50 times the amount of clindamycin in the highest recommended adult human dose based on mg/m 2 , respectively) revealed no evidence of teratogenicity.

    There are no well-controlled trials in pregnant women treated with BenzaClin Topical Gel. It also is not known whether BenzaClin Topical Gel can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman.

    Nursing Women:    It is not known whether BenzaClin Topical Gel is excreted in human milk after topical application. However, orally and parenterally administered clindamycin has been reported to appear in breast milk. Because of the potential for serious adverse reactions in nursing infants, a decision should be made whether to discontinue nursing or to discontinue the drug, taking into account the importance of the drug to the mother.

    Pediatric Use:    Safety and effectiveness of this product in pediatric patients below the age of 12 have not been established.

    ADVERSE REACTIONS

    During clinical trials, the most frequently reported adverse event in the BenzaClin treatment group was dry skin (12%). The Table below lists local adverse events reported by at least 1% of patients in the BenzaClin and vehicle groups.

    Local Adverse Events - all causalities
    in >/= 1% of patients
      BenzaClin
    n = 420
    Vehicle
    n = 168
    Application site reaction 13 (3%) 1 (<1%)
    Dry skin 50 (12%) 10 (6%)
    Pruritus   8 (2%) 1 (<1%)
    Peeling   9 (2%) -
    Erythema   6 (1%) 1 (<1%)
    Sunburn   5 (1%) -

    The actual incidence of dry skin might have been greater were it not for the use of a moisturizer in these studies.

    DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

    BenzaClin Topical Gel should be applied twice daily, morning and evening, or as directed by a physician, to affected areas after the skin is gently washed, rinsed with warm water and patted dry.

    HOW SUPPLIED AND COMPOUNDING INSTRUCTIONS

    Size
    (Net Weight)
    NDC 0066- Benzoyl
    Peroxide Gel
    Active Clindamycin
    Powder (in plastic vial)
    Purified Water
    To Be Added to each vial
    25 grams 0494-25 19.7g 0.3g 5 mL
    50 grams 0494-50 41.4g 0.6g 10 mL

    Prior to dispensing, tap the vial until powder flows freely. Add indicated amount of purified water to the vial (to the mark) and immediately shake to completely dissolve clindamycin. If needed, add additional purified water to bring level up to the mark. Add the solution in the vial to the gel and stir until homogenous in appearance (1 to 1 ½ minutes). BenzaClin Topical Gel (as reconstituted) can be stored at room temperature up to 25°C (77°F) for 3 months. Place a 3 month expiration date on the label immediately following mixing.

    Store at room temperature up to 25°C (77°F) {see USP}.

    Do not freeze. Keep tightly closed. Keep out of the reach of children.

    US Patents 5,446,028; 5,767,098; 6,013,637

    Prescribing Information as of May 2005

    Rx Only

    Manufactured for

    Dermik Laboratories

    A Division of Aventis Pharmaceuticals Inc.

    Berwyn, PA 19312 USA

    by

    Aventis Pharma Inc.

    2150 St. Elzéar Blvd. West

    Laval, Quebec, Canada

    H7L 4A8

    Made in Canada













    - To bookmark this page (add it to your favorites), please click the image to the left.
    - If you wish to link to this page, you can do so by referring to the URL address below this line.

    http://www.theodora.com/drugs/benzaclin_topical_gel_dermik.html

    This page was last modified 30-JUN-07
    Copyright © 1995-2007 ITA all rights reserved.
    CTR070611