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Prevenar

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Summary for the public


What is Prevenar?

Prevenar is a vaccine. It is a suspension for injection that contains parts of the bacterium Streptococcus pneumoniae (S. pneumoniae).


What is Prevenar used for?

Prevenar is used to vaccinate infants and children aged between two months and five years against diseases caused by S. pneumoniae. These include sepsis (blood infection), meningitis (infection of the membranes that surround the brain and spine), pneumonia (infection of the lungs), otitis media (infection of the middle ear) and bacteraemia (bacteria detected in the blood).

The medicine can only be obtained with a prescription.


How is Prevenar used?

The vaccination schedule to be used depends on the age of the child and should be based on official recommendations.

  • Infants aged between two and six months need three doses. The first dose is usually given at two months of age with an interval of at least one month between doses. A fourth dose (booster) is recommended in the second year of life. Alternatively, when Prevenar is given as part of a ‘universal infant immunisation programme’ (when all infants in an area are vaccinated at around the same time), two doses can be given with an interval of at least two months, followed by a booster at 11 to 15 months of age.
  • Infants aged between seven and 11 months need two doses, with an interval of at least one month between doses. A third dose is recommended in the second year of life.
  • Children aged between 12 and 23 months need two doses, with an interval of at least two months between doses.
  • Children aged between 24 months and five years need one single dose.

The vaccine is given by injection into the thigh muscle in infants, or into the upper arm muscle in young children.


How does Prevenar work?

Vaccines work by ‘teaching’ the immune system (the body’s natural defences) how to defend itself against a disease. When a person is given the vaccine, the immune system recognises the bacterium contained in the vaccine as ‘foreign’ and makes antibodies against it. The immune system will then be able to produce antibodies more quickly when it is exposed to the bacterium again. This helps to protect against the disease.

Prevenar contains small amounts of polysaccharides (a type of sugar) extracted from the ‘capsule’ that surrounds the S. pneumoniae bacterium. These polysaccharides have been purified, then ‘conjugated’ (attached) to a carrier to help them be better recognised by the immune system. The vaccine is also ‘adsorbed’ (fixed) onto an aluminium compound to stimulate a better response.

Prevenar contains the polysaccharides from different types of S. pneumoniae (serotypes 4, 6B, 9V, 14, 18C, 19F and 23F). In Europe, it is estimated that these are responsible for about 54% to 84% of invasive infections (infections that have spread into the body) in infants and children under the age of two years, and for about 62% to 83% of invasive infections in children aged between two and five years.


How has Prevenar been studied?

The effectiveness of Prevenar in the prevention of S. pneumoniae invasive disease has been studied in almost 38,000 infants. Half of the infants received Prevenar, and the remainder received another vaccine that is not active against S. pneumoniae. Prevenar was given at two, four, six and 12 to 15 months of age. The study measured the number of children who developed an S. pneumoniae invasive disease during the 3.5 years of the study.

Additional studies looked at the effectiveness and safety of Prevenar in older infants and children, and at the development of antibodies in infants after the two-dose immunisation schedule followed by a booster injection.


What benefit has Prevenar shown during the studies?

Prevenar was effective in preventing S. pneumoniae invasive disease. During the main study, 49 cases of infection due to the serotypes 4, 6B, 9V, 14, 18C, 19F and 23F of S. pneumoniae were seen among the infants who received the control vaccine, compared with three cases among the infants vaccinated with Prevenar.

The additional studies showed that Prevenar was safe and effective in children up to the age of five years. In infants, the two-dose immunisation schedule led to the development of antibodies against S. pneumoniae, but to a lower level than the three-dose schedule. However, the CHMP concluded that this is unlikely to lead to a difference in the rate of protection against infection with S. pneumoniae following a booster injection, when Prevenar is used as part of a routine immunisation programme in which most infants are vaccinated.


What is the risk associated with Prevenar?

The most common side effects with Prevenar (seen in more than 1 patient in 10) are vomiting, diarrhoea, loss of appetite, reactions at the site of the injection (redness, hardening, swelling or pain), fever, irritability, drowsiness and restless sleep. For the full list of all side effects reported with Prevenar, see the Package Leaflet.

Prevenar should not be used in children who may be hypersensitive (allergic) to the Streptococcus vaccine, to any of the other ingredients or to the diphtheria toxoid (a weakened toxin from the bacterium that causes diphtheria).

As for all vaccines, if Prevenar is used in very premature babies, there is a risk of the babies experiencing apnoea (brief pauses in breathing). Their breathing should be monitored for up to three days after vaccination.


Why has Prevenar been approved?

The Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use (CHMP) decided that Prevenar’s benefits are greater than its risks for active immunisation against disease caused by S. pneumoniae serotypes 4, 6B, 9V, 14, 18C, 19F and 23F (including sepsis, meningitis, pneumonia, bacteraemia and acute otitis media) in infants and children from two months up to five years of age. The Committee recommended that Prevenar be given marketing authorisation.


Other information about Prevenar

The European Commission granted a marketing authorisation valid throughout the European Union for Prevenar to Wyeth Lederle Vaccines S.A. on 2 February 2001. The marketing authorisation was renewed on 2 February 2006.

Authorisation details
Name: Prevenar
EMEA Product number: EMEA/H/C/000323
Active substance: Pneumococcal polysaccharide serotype 4* Pneumococcal polysaccharide serotype 6B* Pneumococcal polysaccharide serotype 9V* Pneumococcal polysaccharide serotype 14* Pneumococcal oligosaccharide serotype 18C* Pneumococcal polysaccharide serotype 19F* Pneumococcal polysaccharide serotype 23F** Conjugated to the CRM197 carrier protein and adsorbed on aluminium phosphate (0.5 mg)
INN or common name: pneumococcal saccharide conjugated vaccine, adsorbed
Therapeutic area: Pneumococcal InfectionsImmunization
ATC Code: J07AL02
Marketing Authorisation Holder: Wyeth Lederle Vaccines S.A.
Revision: 17
Date of issue of Market Authorisation valid throughout the European Union: 02/02/2001
Contact address:
Wyeth Lederle Vaccines S.A.
Rue du Bosquet, 15
B-1348 Louvain-la-Neuve
Belgium



Product Characteristics

ANNEX I

SUMMARY OF PRODUCT CHARACTERISTICS


1.
NAME OF THE MEDICINAL PRODUCT
Prevenar suspension for injection
Pneumococcal saccharide conjugated vaccine, adsorbed
2.
QUALITATIVE AND QUANTITATIVE COMPOSITION
Each 0.5 ml dose contains:
Pneumococcal polysaccharide serotype 4*
2 micrograms
Pneumococcal polysaccharide serotype 6B*
4 micrograms
Pneumococcal polysaccharide serotype 9V*
2 micrograms
Pneumococcal polysaccharide serotype 14*
2 micrograms
Pneumococcal polysaccharide serotype 18C*
2 micrograms
Pneumococcal polysaccharide serotype 19F*
2 micrograms
Pneumococcal polysaccharide serotype 23F*
2 micrograms
* Conjugated to the CRM 197 carrier protein and adsorbed on aluminium phosphate (0.5 mg)
For a full list of excipients, see section 6.1.
3.
PHARMACEUTICAL FORM
Suspension for injection.
The vaccine is a homogeneous white suspension.
4.
CLINICAL PARTICULARS
4.1 Therapeutic indications
Active immunisation against disease caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae serotypes 4, 6B, 9V, 14, 18C,
19F and 23F (including sepsis, meningitis, pneumonia, bacteraemia and acute otitis media) in infants and
children from 2 months up to 5 years of age (see sections 4.2, 4.4 and 5.1).
For the number of doses to be administered in the different age groups, see section 4.2.
The use of Prevenar should be determined on the basis of official recommendations taking into
consideration the impact of invasive disease in different age groups as well as variability of serotype
epidemiology in different geographical areas (see sections 4.4, 4.8 and 5.1).
4.2 Posology and method of administration
Posology
The immunisation schedules for Prevenar should be based on official recommendations.
Infants aged 2 - 6 months :
The primary infant series consists of three doses, each of 0.5 ml, the first dose usually given at 2 months of
age and with an interval of at least 1 month between doses. A fourth dose is recommended in the second
year of life.
2
Alternatively, when Prevenar is given as part of a routine infant immunisation programme, a two-dose
schedule may be considered. The first dose may be given from the age of 2 months with a second dose at
least 2 months later and a third (booster) dose at 11-15 months of age (see section 5.1)
Previously unvaccinated older infants and children:
Infants aged 7 - 11 months : two doses, each of 0.5 ml, with an interval of at least 1 month between doses.
A third dose is recommended in the second year of life.
Children aged 12 - 23 months : two doses, each of 0.5 ml, with an interval of at least 2 months between
doses.
Children aged 24 months – 5 years : one single dose.
The need for a booster dose after these immunisation schedules has not been established.
Method of administration
The vaccine should be given by intramuscular injection. The preferred sites are anterolateral aspect of the
thigh (vastus lateralis muscle) in infants or the deltoid muscle of the upper arm in young children.
4.3 Contraindications
Hypersensitivity to the active substances or to any of the excipients, or to diphtheria toxoid.
As with other vaccines, the administration of Prevenar should be postponed in subjects suffering from
acute, severe febrile illness. However, the presence of a minor infection, such as a cold, should not result
in the deferral of vaccination.
4.4 Special warnings and precautions for use
As with all injectable vaccines, appropriate medical treatment and supervision should always be readily
available in case of a rare anaphylactic event following the administration of the vaccine.
Do not administer Prevenar intravenously.
The potential risk of apnoea and the need for respiratory monitoring for 48-72h should be considered
when administering the primary immunisation series to very premature infants (born ≤ 28 weeks of
gestation) and particularly for those with a previous history of respiratory immaturity. As the benefit of
vaccination is high in this group of infants, vaccination should not be withheld or delayed.
Prevenar will not protect against other Streptococcus pneumoniae serotypes than those included in the
vaccine nor other micro-organisms that cause invasive disease or otitis media.
This vaccine should not be given to infants or children with thrombocytopenia or any coagulation disorder
that would contraindicate intramuscular injection unless the potential benefit clearly outweighs the risk of
administration.
Although some antibody response to diphtheria toxoid may occur, immunisation with this vaccine does
not substitute for routine diphtheria immunisation.
3
For children from 2 years through 5 years of age, a single dose immunisation schedule was used. A higher
rate of local reactions has been observed in children older than 24 months of age compared with infants
(see section 4.8).
Children with impaired immune responsiveness, whether due to the use of immunosuppressive therapy, a
genetic defect, HIV infection, or other causes, may have reduced antibody response to active
immunisation.
Limited data have demonstrated that Prevenar (three dose primary series) induces an acceptable immune
response in infants with sickle cell disease with a safety profile similar to that observed in non-high-risk
groups (see section 5.1). Safety and immunogenicity data are not yet available for children in other
specific high-risk groups for invasive pneumococcal disease (e.g. children with another congenital or
acquired splenic dysfunction, HIV-infected, malignancy, nephrotic syndrome). Vaccination in high-risk
groups should be considered on an individual basis.
Children below 2 years old should receive the appropriate-for-age Prevenar vaccination series (see section
4.2). The use of pneumococcal conjugate vaccine does not replace the use of 23-valent pneumococcal
polysaccharide vaccines in children ≥ 24 months of age with conditions (such as sickle cell disease,
asplenia, HIV infection, chronic illness or who are immunocompromised) placing them at higher risk for
invasive disease due to Streptococcus pneumoniae . Whenever recommended, children at risk who are ≥
24 months of age and already primed with Prevenar should receive 23-valent pneumococcal
polysaccharide vaccine. The interval between the pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (Prevenar) and the 23-
valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine should not be less than 8 weeks. There are no data available
to indicate whether the administration of 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine to unprimed
children or to children primed with Prevenar might result in hyporesponsiveness to further doses of
Prevenar.
When Prevenar is co-administered with hexavalent vaccines (DTaP/Hib(PRP-T)/IPV/HepB), the
physician should be aware that data from clinical studies indicate that the rate of febrile reactions was
higher compared to that occurring following the administration of hexavalent vaccines alone. These
reactions were mostly moderate (less than or equal to 39 °C) and transient (see section 4.8).
Antipyretic treatment should be initiated according to local treatment guidelines.
Prophylactic antipyretic medication is recommended:
- for all children receiving Prevenar simultaneously with vaccines containing whole cell pertussis
because of higher rate of febrile reactions (see section 4.8).
- for children with seizure disorders or with a prior history of febrile seizures.
As with any vaccine, Prevenar may not protect all individuals receiving the vaccine from pneumococcal
disease. Additionally, for vaccine serotypes, protection against otitis media is expected to be substantially
lower than protection against invasive disease. As otitis media is caused by many organisms other than
pneumococcal serotypes represented in the vaccine, protection against all otitis media is expected to be
low (see section 5.1).
4.5 Interaction with other medicinal products and other forms of interaction
Prevenar can be administered simultaneously with other paediatric vaccines in accordance with the
recommended immunisation schedules. Different injectable vaccines should always be given at different
injection sites.
The immune response to routine paediatric vaccines co-administered with Prevenar at different injection
sites was assessed in 7 controlled clinical studies. The antibody response to Hib tetanus protein conjugate
4
(PRP-T), tetanus and Hepatitis B (HepB) vaccines was similar to controls. For CRM-based Hib conjugate
vaccine, enhancement of antibody responses to Hib and diphtheria in the infant series was observed. At
the booster, some suppression of Hib antibody level was observed but all children had protective levels.
Inconsistent reduction in response to pertussis antigens as well as to inactivated polio vaccine (IPV) were
observed. The clinical relevance of these interactions is unknown. Limited results from open label studies
showed an acceptable response to MMR and varicella.
Data on concomitant administration of Prevenar with Infanrix hexa (DTaP/Hib(PRP-T)/IPV/HepB
vaccine) have shown no clinically relevant interference in the antibody response to each of the individual
antigens when given as a 3 dose primary vaccination.
Sufficient data regarding interference on the concomitant administration of other hexavalent vaccines with
Prevenar are currently not available.
In a clinical trial that compared separate with concomitant administrations of Prevenar (three doses at 2,
3.5, 6 months and a booster dose at approximately 12 months) and Meningitec (meningococcal C
conjugate vaccine; two doses at 2 and 6 months and a booster dose at approximately 12 months) there was
no evidence of immune interference between the two conjugate vaccines after the primary series or after
the booster doses.
4.6 Fertility, pregnancy and lactation
Prevenar is not intended for use in adults. Human data on the use during pregnancy or lactation and animal
reproduction studies are not available .
4.7 Effects on ability to drive and use machines
Not relevant.
4.8 Undesirable effects
The safety of the vaccine was assessed in different controlled clinical studies in which more than 18,000
healthy infants (6 weeks to 18 months) were included. The majority of the safety experience comes from
the efficacy trial in which 17,066 infants received 55,352 doses of Prevenar. Also safety in previously
unvaccinated older children has been assessed.
In all studies, Prevenar was administered concurrently with the recommended childhood vaccines.
Amongst the most commonly reported adverse reactions were injection site reactions and fever.
No consistent increased local or systemic reactions within repeated doses were seen throughout the
primary series or with the booster dose, the exceptions being a higher rate of transient tenderness (36.5 %)
and tenderness that interfered with limb movement (18.5 %) were seen with the booster dose.
In older children receiving a single dose of vaccine, a higher rate of local reactions has been observed than
that previously described in infancy. These reactions were primarily transient in nature. In a post licensure
study involving 115 children between 2-5 years of age, tenderness was reported in up to 39.1 % of
children; in 15.7 % of children the tenderness interfered with limb movement. Redness was reported in
40.0 % of children, and induration was reported in 32.2 % of subjects. Redness or induration > 2cm in
diameter was reported in 22.6 % and 13.9 % of children respectively.
When Prevenar is co-administered with hexavalent vaccines (DTaP/Hib(PRP-T)/IPV/HepB), fever
≥ 38 °C per dose was reported in 28.3 % to 48.3 % of infants in the group receiving Prevenar and the
hexavalent vaccine at the same time as compared to 15.6 % to 23.4 % in the group receiving the
5
hexavalent vaccine alone. Fever of greater than 39.5 °C per dose was observed in 0.6 to 2.8 % of infants
receiving Prevenar and hexavalent vaccines (see section 4.4).
Reactogenicity was higher in children receiving whole cell pertussis vaccines concurrently. In a study,
including 1,662 children, fever of ≥ 38 °C was reported in 41.2 % of children who received Prevenar
simultaneously with DTP as compared to 27.9 % in the control group. Fever of > 39 °C was reported in
3.3 % of children compared to 1.2 % in the control group.
Adverse reactions reported in clinical trials or from the post-marketing experience are listed in the
following table per system organ class and per frequency and this is for all age groups.
The frequency is defined as follows:
Very common( ≥ 1/10)
Common (≥ 1/100 to < 1/10)
Uncommon (≥ 1/1,000 to < 1/100)
Rare (≥ 1/10,000 to < 1/1,000)
Very rare (≤ 1/10,000)
Within each frequency grouping, undesirable effects are presented in order of decreasing seriousness.
Blood and lymphatic system disorders:
Very rare: Lymphadenopathy localised to the region of the injection site
Immune system disorders:
Rare:Hypersensitivity reactions such as anaphylactic/anaphylactoid reactions including shock,
angioneurotic oedema, bronchospasm, dyspnoea, face oedema.
Nervous system disorders :
Rare:Seizures, including febrile seizures.
Gastrointestinal disorders:
Very common:Vomiting, diarrhoea, decreased appetite.
Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders:
Uncommon:Rash/urticaria.
Very rare:Erythema multiforme.
General disorders and administration site conditions:
Very common: Injection site reactions (e.g. erythema, induration/swelling, pain/tenderness); fever ≥ 38
°C, irritability, crying, drowsiness, restless sleep.
Common:Injection site swelling/induration and erythema >2.4 cm, tenderness interfering with movement,
fever > 39°C.
Rare:Hypotonic hyporesponsive episode, injection site hypersensitivity reactions (eg., dermatitis, pruritus,
urticaria), flushing.
Apnoea in very premature infants (≤ 28 weeks of gestation) (see section 4.4).
4.9 Overdose
There have been reports of overdose with Prevenar, including cases of administration of a higher than
recommended dose and cases of subsequent doses administered closer than recommended to the previous
dose. No undesirable effects were reported in the majority of individuals. In general, adverse reactions
reported with overdose have also been reported with recommended single doses of Prevenar.
6
5.
PHARMACOLOGICAL PROPERTIES
5.1 Pharmacodynamic properties
Pharmacotherapeutic group: pneumococcal vaccines, ATC code: J07AL02
Immunogenicity
Significant increases in antibody (measured by ELISA) were seen for all vaccine serotypes following a
three-dose primary series of Prevenar in infants and following booster doses although geometric mean
concentrations varied between the 7 serotypes. Prevenar has also been shown to elicit functional
antibodies (measured by opsonophagocytosis) to all vaccine serotypes following the primary series. Long-
term persistence of antibodies has not been investigated after administration of a primary series in infants
plus booster or after administration of single priming doses to older children. Administration
of unconjugated pneumococcal polysaccharides at 13 months following the primary series with Prevenar
elicited an anamnestic antibody response for the 7 serotypes included in the vaccine, indicating
that priming had occurred.
The immunogenicity of a two-dose primary series in infants plus a booster at about one year of age has
been documented in several studies. Most of the data have indicated that smaller proportions of infants
achieved antibody concentrations ≥0.35 µg/ml (the reference antibody concentration recommended by
WHO) 1 against serotypes 6B and 23F after two-dose primary series when directly or indirectly compared
with three-dose primary series. In addition, GMCs were lower for antibodies to most serotypes after a two-
dose infant series than after a three-dose infant series. However, antibody responses to booster doses
in toddlers following two-dose or three-dose infant series were comparable for all 7 vaccine serotypes and
indicated that both infant regimens had elicited adequate priming.
Significant increases in antibody (measured by ELISA) to all vaccine serotypes were seen
after administration of single doses of Prevenar to children aged 2 to 5 years. Antibody concentrations
were similar to those achieved following a three-dose infant series and a booster dose at less than 2 years
of age. Efficacy trials in the 2- to 5-year-old population have not been conducted.
Clinical trial efficacy of the two-dose infant primary series plus a booster has not been established, and the
clinical consequences of lower antibody concentrations against serotypes 6B and 23F after the two-dose
infant series are not known.
Efficacy against invasive disease
Estimates of efficacy against invasive disease were obtained in the US population where vaccine serotype
coverage ranged from 80 to 89 %. Epidemiological data between 1988 and 2003 indicated that in Europe
coverage is lower and varies from country to country. Consequently, Prevenar should cover between 54
% and 84 % of isolates from invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) in European children less than 2 years
of age. In European children between 2 to 5 years of age, Prevenar should cover about 62 % to 83 % of
the clinical isolates responsible for invasive pneumococcal disease. It is estimated that more than 80 % of
the antimicrobial resistant strains would be covered by the serotypes included in the vaccine. The vaccine
serotype coverage in the paediatric population decreases with increasing age. The decrease in the
incidence of IPD seen in older children may be partly due to naturally acquired immunity.
Efficacy against invasive disease was assessed in a large-scale randomised, double-blind, clinical trial in a
multiethnic population in Northern California (Kaiser Permanente trial). More than 37,816 infants were
immunised with either Prevenar or a control vaccine (meningococcal conjugate group C vaccine), at 2, 4,
1 WHO technical report No 927, 2005; Appendix serological criteria for calculation and licensure of new
pneumococcal conjugate vaccine formulations for use in infants.
7
 
6 and 12-15 months of age. At the time of the study, the serotypes included in the vaccine accounted for
89 % of IPD.
A total of 52 cases of invasive disease caused by vaccine serotypes had accumulated in a blinded follow-
up period through April 20, 1999. The estimate of vaccine serotype specific efficacy was 94 % (95 % CI:
81, 99) in the intent-to-treat population and 97 % (95 % CI: 85, 100) in the per protocol (fully immunized)
population (40 cases). In Europe, the estimates of effectiveness in children less than 2 years of age range
from 51 % to 79 % when considering vaccine coverage against serotypes causing invasive disease.
Efficacy against pneumonia
In the Kaiser Permanente trial, efficacy was 87.5 % (95 % CI: 7, 99) against bacteraemic pneumonia due
to vaccine serotypes of S. pneumoniae.
Effectiveness (no microbiological confirmation of diagnosis was performed) against non-bacteraemic
pneumonia was also assessed. As many pathogens other than pneumococcal serotypes represented in the
vaccine may contribute to the burden of pneumonia in children, protection against all clinical pneumonia
is expected to be lower than for invasive pneumococcal disease. In the per-protocol analysis, the
estimated risk reduction for the first episode of clinical pneumonia with abnormal chest radiograph
(defined as the presence of infiltrates beyond the perihilar area, consolidation, or empyema) was 20.5 %
(95 % CI: 4.4, 34.0). Reductions in pneumonia with abnormal chest radiograph were greatest in the first
year of life (32.2 %; 95 % CI: 3.3, 52.5) and in the first 2 years of life (23.4 %; 95 % CI: 5.2, 38.1).
Efficacy against otitis media
Acute otitis media (AOM) is a common childhood disease with different aetiologies. Bacteria can be
responsible for 60-70% of clinical episodes of AOM. The pneumococcus is responsible for 30-40% of all
bacterial AOM and a greater fraction of severe AOM. Theoretically, Prevenar could prevent about 60-
80% of serotypes causing pneumococcal AOM. It is estimated that Prevenar could prevent 6-13% of all
clinical episodes of AOM.
Efficacy of Prevenar against acute otitis media (AOM) was assessed in a randomised, double blind,
clinical trial of 1,662 Finnish infants immunised with either Prevenar or a control vaccine (Hepatitis B
vaccine), at 2, 4, 6 and 12-15 months of age. The estimate for vaccine efficacy against vaccine-serotype
AOM, the primary endpoint of the trial, was 57 % (95 % CI: 44, 67) in the per-protocol analysis and 54 %
(95 % CI: 41, 64) in the intent-to-treat analysis. A 33 % (95 % CI: -1, 80) increase in AOM due to
serogroups not included in the vaccine was observed in immunised subjects. However, the overall benefit
was a 34 % (95 % CI: 21, 45) reduction in the incidence of all pneumococcal AOM. The impact of the
vaccine on total number of episodes of otitis media regardless of etiology was a 6 % (95 % CI: -4, 16)
reduction.
A subset of children in this study were followed until they reached 4 to 5 years of age. In this follow-up,
vaccine efficacy for frequent OM (defined as at least 3 episodes within 6 months) was 18 % (95 % CI: 1,
32), for chronic otitis media with effusion, 50 % (95 % CI: 15, 71), and for tympanostomy tube placement,
39 % (95 % CI: 4, 61).
Efficacy of Prevenar against AOM was assessed as a secondary endpoint in the Kaiser Permanente trial.
Children were followed until 3.5 years of age. The impact of the vaccine on total number of episodes of
otitis media regardless of etiology was a 7 % reduction (95 % CI: 4, 10). The effect of the vaccine in the
per-protocol analysis was a 9 % reduction (95 % CI: 3, 15) in recurrent AOM (defined as 3 episodes in six
months or 4 episodes in one year) or a 23 % (95 % CI: 7, 36) reduction for recurrent AOM (5 episodes in
six months or 6 episodes in one year). Tympanostomy tube placement was reduced by 24 % (95 % CI: 12,
35) in the per-protocol analysis and by 23 % (95 % CI: 11, 34) in the intent-to-treat analysis.
8
Effectiveness
The effectiveness of Prevenar against IPD (i.e. comprising the protection afforded by vaccination
and from herd immunity due to reduced transmission of vaccine serotypes in the population) has been
evaluated in national immunisation programmes that employ three-dose or two-dose infant series, each
with booster doses.
In the USA, generalised vaccination with Prevenar using a four-dose series in infants and a catch-up
programme for children up to 5 years of age was introduced in 2000. Vaccine effectiveness against IPD
caused by vaccine serotypes was evaluated in 3- to 59-month old children within the first four years of the
implementation of the programme. When compared with no vaccination, point estimates for the
effectiveness of 2-, 3-, or 4-doses given on an infant schedule were similar: 96% (95% CI 88-99); 95%
(95% CI 88-99); and 100% (95% CI 94-100), respectively. In the USA in the same time frame, there was a
94% reduction in vaccine type IPD in individuals under 5 years of age, compared to a pre-vaccine baseline
(1998/99). In parallel, there was a 62% reduction in vaccine type IPD in individuals over 5 years of age.
This indirect or herd effect is due to a reduction in transmission of vaccine serotypes from immunised
young children to the rest of the population and coincides with decreased nasopharyngeal carriage of
vaccine serotypes.
In Quebec, Canada Prevenar was introduced at 2, 4 and 12 months of age with a single dose catch-up
programme in children up to 5 years of age. In the first two years of the programme, with over 90%
coverage, the observed effectiveness against IPD caused by vaccine serotypes was 93% (95% CI 75-98)
for the 2 dose infant series and 100% (95% CI 91-100) for the completed schedule.
Preliminary data from England and Wales reported less than 1 year following introduction of routine
immunisation at 2, 4 and 13 months with a single dose catch-up programme for children 13 to 23 months
of age have suggested that effectiveness of this schedule might be lower against serotype 6B than against
the other serotypes in the vaccine.
The effectiveness of a two-dose primary series has not been established against pneumonia or acute otitis
media.
Additional immunogenicity data
The immunogenicity of Prevenar has been investigated in an open-label, multicenter study in 49 infants
with sickle cell disease. Children were vaccinated with Prevenar (3 doses one month apart from the age of
2 months) and 46 of these children also received a 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine at the
age of 15-18 months. After primary immunisation, 95.6% of the subjects had antibody levels of at least
0.35 µg/ml for all seven serotypes found in Prevenar. A significant increase was seen in the concentrations
of antibodies against the seven serotypes after the polysaccharide vaccination, suggesting that
immunological memory was well established.
5.2 Pharmacokinetic properties
Not applicable.
5.3 Preclinical safety data
A repeated dose intramuscular toxicity study (13 weeks, 5 injections, one every three weeks) of
pneumococcal conjugate vaccine in rabbits revealed no evidence of any significant local or systemic toxic
effects.
Repeated dose subcutaneous toxicity studies (13 weeks, 7 injections of the clinical dose, one every other
week, followed by a 4-week recovery period) of Prevenar in rats and monkeys revealed no evidence of
any significant local or systemic toxic effects.
9
6.
PHARMACEUTICAL PARTICULARS
6.1 List of excipients
Sodium chloride
Water for injections
6.2 Incompatibilities
In the absence of compatibility studies, this medicinal product must not be mixed with other medicinal
products.
6.3 Shelf life
3 years
6.4 Special precautions for storage
Store in a refrigerator (2°C – 8°C).
Do not freeze.
6.5 Nature and contents of container
0.5 ml suspension for injection in vial (Type I glass) with a grey butyl rubber stopper.
Pack sizes:
1 or 10 vials without syringe/needles.
1 vial with syringe and 2 needles (1 for withdrawal, 1 for injection).
Not all pack sizes may be marketed.
6.6 Special precautions for disposal and other handling
Upon storage, a white deposit and clear supernatant can be observed.
The vaccine should be well shaken to obtain a homogeneous white suspension and be inspected visually
for any particulate matter and/or variation of physical aspect prior to administration. Do not use if the
content appears otherwise.
Any unused product or waste material should be disposed of in accordance with local requirements.
7.
MARKETING AUTHORISATION HOLDER
Wyeth Lederle Vaccines S.A.
Pleinlaan 17 Boulevard de la Plaine
1050 Brussel - Bruxelles
Belgium
10
8.
MARKETING AUTHORISATION NUMBER(S)
EU/1/00/167/001
EU/1/00/167/002
EU/1/00/167/005
9.
DATE OF FIRST AUTHORISATION/RENEWAL OF THE AUTHORISATION
Date of first authorisation: 02/02/2001
Date of last renewal: 12/04/2006
10.
DATE OF REVISION OF THE TEXT
Detailed information on this product is available on the website of the European Medicines Agency
http://www.ema.europa.eu
11
1.
NAME OF THE MEDICINAL PRODUCT
Prevenar suspension for injection in pre-filled syringe
Pneumococcal saccharide conjugated vaccine, adsorbed
2.
QUALITATIVE AND QUANTITATIVE COMPOSITION
Each 0.5 ml dose contains:
Pneumococcal polysaccharide serotype 4*
2 micrograms
Pneumococcal polysaccharide serotype 6B*
4 micrograms
Pneumococcal polysaccharide serotype 9V*
2 micrograms
Pneumococcal polysaccharide serotype 14*
2 micrograms
Pneumococcal polysaccharide serotype 18C*
2 micrograms
Pneumococcal polysaccharide serotype 19F*
2 micrograms
Pneumococcal polysaccharide serotype 23F*
2 micrograms
* Conjugated to the CRM 197 carrier protein and adsorbed on aluminium phosphate (0.5 mg)
For a full list of excipients, see section 6.1.
3.
PHARMACEUTICAL FORM
Suspension for injection in pre-filled syringe.
The vaccine is a homogeneous white suspension.
4.
CLINICAL PARTICULARS
4.1 Therapeutic indications
Active immunisation against disease caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae serotypes 4, 6B, 9V, 14, 18C,
19F and 23F (including sepsis, meningitis, pneumonia, bacteraemia and acute otitis media) in infants and
children from 2 months up to 5 years of age (see sections 4.2, 4.4 and 5.1).
For the number of doses to be administered in the different age groups, see section 4.2.
The use of Prevenar should be determined on the basis of official recommendations taking into
consideration the impact of invasive disease in different age groups as well as variability of serotype
epidemiology in different geographical areas (see sections 4.4, 4.8 and 5.1).
4.2 Posology and method of administration
Posology
The immunisation schedules for Prevenar should be based on official recommendations.
Infants aged 2 - 6 months :
The primary infant series consists of three doses, each of 0.5 ml, the first dose usually given at 2 months of
age and with an interval of at least 1 month between doses. A fourth dose is recommended in the second
year of life.
12
Alternatively, when Prevenar is given as part of a routine infant immunisation programme, a two-dose
schedule may be considered. The first dose may be given from the age of 2 months with a second dose at
least 2 months later and a third (booster) dose at 11-15 months of age (see section 5.1)
Previously unvaccinated older infants and children:
Infants aged 7 - 11 months : two doses, each of 0.5 ml, with an interval of at least 1 month between doses.
A third dose is recommended in the second year of life.
Children aged 12 - 23 months : two doses, each of 0.5 ml, with an interval of at least 2 months between
doses.
Children aged 24 months – 5 years : one single dose.
The need for a booster dose after these immunisation schedules has not been established.
Method of administration
The vaccine should be given by intramuscular injection. The preferred sites are anterolateral aspect of the
thigh (vastus lateralis muscle) in infants or the deltoid muscle of the upper arm in young children.
4.3 Contraindications
Hypersensitivity to the active substances or to any of the excipients, or to diphtheria toxoid.
As with other vaccines, the administration of Prevenar should be postponed in subjects suffering from
acute, severe febrile illness. However, the presence of a minor infection, such as a cold, should not result
in the deferral of vaccination.
4.4 Special warnings and precautions for use
As with all injectable vaccines, appropriate medical treatment and supervision should always be readily
available in case of a rare anaphylactic event following the administration of the vaccine.
Do not administer Prevenar intravenously.
The potential risk of apnoea and the need for respiratory monitoring for 48-72h should be considered
when administering the primary immunisation series to very premature infants (born ≤ 28 weeks of
gestation) and particularly for those with a previous history of respiratory immaturity. As the benefit of
vaccination is high in this group of infants, vaccination should not be withheld or delayed.
Prevenar will not protect against other Streptococcus pneumoniae serotypes than those included in the
vaccine nor other micro-organisms that cause invasive disease or otitis media.
This vaccine should not be given to infants or children with thrombocytopenia or any coagulation disorder
that would contraindicate intramuscular injection unless the potential benefit clearly outweighs the risk of
administration.
Although some antibody response to diphtheria toxoid may occur, immunisation with this vaccine does
not substitute for routine diphtheria immunisation.
13
For children from 2 years through 5 years of age, a single dose immunisation schedule was used. A higher
rate of local reactions has been observed in children older than 24 months of age compared with infants
(see section 4.8).
Children with impaired immune responsiveness, whether due to the use of immunosuppressive therapy, a
genetic defect, HIV infection, or other causes, may have reduced antibody response to active
immunisation.
Limited data have demonstrated that Prevenar (three dose primary series) induces an acceptable immune
response in infants with sickle cell disease with a safety profile similar to that observed in non-high-risk
groups (see section 5.1). Safety and immunogenicity data are not yet available for children in other
specific high-risk groups for invasive pneumococcal disease (e.g. children with another congenital or
acquired splenic dysfunction, HIV-infected, malignancy, nephrotic syndrome). Vaccination in high-risk
groups should be considered on an individual basis.
Children below 2 years old should receive the appropriate-for-age Prevenar vaccination series (see section
4.2). The use of pneumococcal conjugate vaccine does not replace the use of 23-valent pneumococcal
polysaccharide vaccines in children ≥ 24 months of age with conditions (such as sickle cell disease,
asplenia, HIV infection, chronic illness or who are immunocompromised) placing them at higher risk for
invasive disease due to Streptococcus pneumoniae . Whenever recommended, children at risk who are ≥
24 months of age and already primed with Prevenar should receive 23-valent pneumococcal
polysaccharide vaccine. The interval between the pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (Prevenar) and the 23-
valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine should not be less than 8 weeks. There are no data available
to indicate whether the administration of 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine to unprimed
children or to children primed with Prevenar might result in hyporesponsiveness to further doses of
Prevenar.
When Prevenar is co-administered with hexavalent vaccines (DTaP/Hib(PRP-T)/IPV/HepB), the
physician should be aware that data from clinical studies indicate that the rate of febrile reactions was
higher compared to that occurring following the administration of hexavalent vaccines alone. These
reactions were mostly moderate (less than or equal to 39 °C) and transient (see section 4.8).
Antipyretic treatment should be initiated according to local treatment guidelines.
Prophylactic antipyretic medication is recommended:
- for all children receiving Prevenar simultaneously with vaccines containing whole cell pertussis
because of higher rate of febrile reactions (see section 4.8).
- for children with seizure disorders or with a prior history of febrile seizures.
As with any vaccine, Prevenar may not protect all individuals receiving the vaccine from pneumococcal
disease. Additionally, for vaccine serotypes, protection against otitis media is expected to be substantially
lower than protection against invasive disease. As otitis media is caused by many organisms other than
pneumococcal serotypes represented in the vaccine, protection against all otitis media is expected to be
low (see section 5.1).
4.5 Interaction with other medicinal products and other forms of interaction
Prevenar can be administered simultaneously with other paediatric vaccines in accordance with the
recommended immunisation schedules. Different injectable vaccines should always be given at different
injection sites.
The immune response to routine paediatric vaccines co-administered with Prevenar at different injection
sites was assessed in 7 controlled clinical studies. The antibody response to Hib tetanus protein conjugate
14
(PRP-T), tetanus and Hepatitis B (HepB) vaccines was similar to controls. For CRM-based Hib conjugate
vaccine, enhancement of antibody responses to Hib and diphtheria in the infant series was observed. At
the booster, some suppression of Hib antibody level was observed but all children had protective levels.
Inconsistent reduction in response to pertussis antigens as well as to inactivated polio vaccine (IPV) were
observed. The clinical relevance of these interactions is unknown. Limited results from open label studies
showed an acceptable response to MMR and varicella.
Data on concomitant administration of Prevenar with Infanrix hexa (DTaP/Hib(PRP-T)/IPV/HepB
vaccine) have shown no clinically relevant interference in the antibody response to each of the individual
antigens when given as a 3 dose primary vaccination.
Sufficient data regarding interference on the concomitant administration of other hexavalent vaccines with
Prevenar are currently not available.
In a clinical trial that compared separate with concomitant administrations of Prevenar (three doses at 2,
3.5, 6 months and a booster dose at approximately 12 months) and Meningitec (meningococcal C
conjugate vaccine; two doses at 2 and 6 months and a booster dose at approximately 12 months) there was
no evidence of immune interference between the two conjugate vaccines after the primary series or after
the booster doses.
4.6 Fertility, pregnancy and lactation
Prevenar is not intended for use in adults. Human data on the use during pregnancy or lactation and animal
reproduction studies are not available .
4.7 Effects on ability to drive and use machines
Not relevant.
4.8 Undesirable effects
The safety of the vaccine was assessed in different controlled clinical studies in which more than 18,000
healthy infants (6 weeks to 18 months) were included. The majority of the safety experience comes from
the efficacy trial in which 17,066 infants received 55,352 doses of Prevenar. Also safety in previously
unvaccinated older children has been assessed.
In all studies, Prevenar was administered concurrently with the recommended childhood vaccines.
Amongst the most commonly reported adverse reactions were injection site reactions and fever.
No consistent increased local or systemic reactions within repeated doses were seen throughout the
primary series or with the booster dose, the exceptions being a higher rate of transient tenderness (36.5 %)
and tenderness that interfered with limb movement (18.5 %) were seen with the booster dose.
In older children receiving a single dose of vaccine, a higher rate of local reactions has been observed than
that previously described in infancy. These reactions were primarily transient in nature. In a post licensure
study involving 115 children between 2-5 years of age, tenderness was reported in 39.1 % of children; in
15.7 % of children the tenderness interfered with limb movement. Redness was reported in 40.0 % of
children, and induration was reported in 32.2 % of subjects. Redness or induration > 2cm in diameter was
reported in 22.6 % and 13.9% of children respectively.
When Prevenar is co-administered with hexavalent vaccines (DTaP/Hib(PRP-T)/IPV/HepB), fever ≥ 38
°C per dose was reported in 28.3 % to 48.3 % of infants in the group receiving Prevenar and the
hexavalent vaccine at the same time as compared to 15.6 % to 23.4 % in the group receiving the
15
hexavalent vaccine alone. Fever of greater than 39.5 °C per dose was observed in 0.6 to 2.8 % of infants
receiving Prevenar and hexavalent vaccines (see section 4.4).
Reactogenicity was higher in children receiving whole cell pertussis vaccines concurrently. In a study,
including 1,662 children, fever of ≥ 38 °C was reported in 41.2 % of children who received Prevenar
simultaneously with DTP as compared to 27.9 % in the control group. Fever of > 39 °C was reported in
3.3 % of children compared to 1.2 % in the control group.
Adverse reactions reported in clinical trials or from the post-marketing experience are listed in the
following table per system organ class and per frequency and this is for all age groups.
The frequency is defined as follows:
Very common (≥ 1/10)
Common (≥ 1/100 to < 1/10)
Uncommon (≥ 1/1,000 tp < 1/100)
Rare (≥ 1/10,000 to < 1/1,000)
Very rare (≤ 1/10,000)
Within each frequency grouping, undesirable effects are presented in order of decreasing seriousness
Blood and lymphatic system disorders:
Very rare:
Lymphadenopathy localised to the region of the injection site
Immune system disorders:
Rare:
Hypersensitivity reactions such as, anaphylactic/anaphylactoid reactions including
shock, angioneurotic oedema, bronchospasm, dyspnoea, face oedema.
Nervous system disorders:
Rare:
Seizures, including febrile seizures.
Gastrointestinal disorders:
Very common:
Vomiting, diarrhoea, decreased appetite.
Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders:
Uncommon:
Rash/urticaria.
Very rare:
Erythema multiforme.
General disorders and administration site conditions:
Very common:
Injection site reactions (e.g. erythema, induration/swelling, pain/tenderness); fever
≥ 38 °C, irritability, crying, drowsiness, restless sleep.
Common:
Injection site swelling/induration and erythema >2.4 cm, tenderness interfering
with movement, fever > 39°C.
Rare:
Hypotonic hyporesponsive episode, injection site hypersensitivity reactions (eg.,
dermatitis, pruritus, urticaria), flushing.
Apnoea in very premature infants (≤ 28 weeks of gestation) (see section 4.4).
4.9 Overdose
There have been reports of overdose with Prevenar, including cases of administration of a higher than
recommended dose and cases of subsequent doses administered closer than recommended to the previous
dose. No undesirable effects were reported in the majority of individuals. In general, adverse reactions
reported with overdose have also been reported with recommended single doses of Prevenar.
16
5.
PHARMACOLOGICAL PROPERTIES
5.1 Pharmacodynamic properties
Pharmacotherapeutic group: pneumococcal vaccines, ATC code: J07AL02
Immunogenicity
Significant increases in antibody (measured by ELISA) were seen for all vaccine serotypes following a
three-dose primary series of Prevenar in infants and following booster doses although geometric mean
concentrations varied between the 7 serotypes. Prevenar has also been shown to elicit functional
antibodies (measured by opsonophagocytosis) to all vaccine serotypes following the primary series. Long-
term persistence of antibodies has not been investigated after administration of a primary series in infants
plus booster or after administration of single priming doses to older children. Administration
of unconjugated pneumococcal polysaccharides at 13 months following the primary series with Prevenar
elicited an anamnestic antibody response for the 7 serotypes included in the vaccine, indicating
that priming had occurred.
The immunogenicity of a two-dose primary series in infants plus a booster at about one year of age has
been documented in several studies. Most of the data have indicated that smaller proportions of infants
achieved antibody concentrations ≥0.35 µg/ml (the reference antibody concentration recommended by
WHO) 2 against serotypes 6B and 23F after two-dose primary series when directly or indirectly compared
with three-dose primary series. In addition, GMCs were lower for antibodies to most serotypes after a two-
dose infant series than after a three-dose infant series. However, antibody responses to booster doses
in toddlers following two-dose or three-dose infant series were comparable for all 7 vaccine serotypes and
indicated that both infant regimens had elicited adequate priming.
Significant increases in antibody (measured by ELISA) to all vaccine serotypes were seen
after administration of single doses of Prevenar to children aged 2 to 5 years. Antibody concentrations
were similar to those achieved following a three-dose infant series and a booster dose at less than 2 years
of age. Efficacy trials in the 2- to 5-year-old population have not been conducted.
Clinical trial efficacy of the two-dose infant primary series plus a booster has not been established, and the
clinical consequences of lower antibody concentrations against serotypes 6B and 23F after the two-dose
infant series are not known.
Efficacy against invasive disease
Estimates of efficacy against invasive disease were obtained in the US population where vaccine serotype
coverage ranged from 80 to 89 %. Epidemiological data between 1988 and 2003 indicated that in Europe
coverage is lower and varies from country to country. Consequently, Prevenar should cover between 54
% and 84 % of isolates from invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) in European children less than 2 years
of age. In European children between 2 to 5 years of age, Prevenar should cover about 62 % to 83 % of the
clinical isolates responsible for invasive pneumococcal disease. It is estimated that more than 80 % of the
antimicrobial resistant strains would be covered by the serotypes included in the vaccine. The vaccine
serotype coverage in the paediatric population decreases with increasing age. The decrease in the
incidence of IPD seen in older children may be partly due to naturally acquired immunity.
Efficacy against invasive disease was assessed in a large-scale randomised, double-blind, clinical trial in a
multiethnic population in Northern California (Kaiser Permanente trial). More than 37,816 infants were
2 WHO technical report No 927, 2005; Appendix serological criteria for calculation and licensure of new
pneumococcal conjugate vaccine formulations for use in infants.
17
 
immunised with either Prevenar or a control vaccine (meningococcal conjugate group C vaccine), at 2, 4,
6 and 12-15 months of age. At the time of the study, the serotypes included in the vaccine accounted for
89 % of IPD.
A total of 52 cases of invasive disease caused by vaccine serotypes had accumulated in a blinded follow-
up period through April 20, 1999. The estimate of vaccine serotype specific efficacy was 94 % (95 % CI:
81, 99) in the intent-to-treat population and 97 % (95 % CI: 85, 100) in the per protocol (fully immunised)
population (40 cases). In Europe, the estimates of effectiveness in children less than 2 years of age range
from 51 % to 79 % when considering vaccine coverage against serotypes causing invasive disease.
Efficacy against pneumonia
In the Kaiser Permanente trial, efficacy was 87.5 % (95 % CI: 7, 99) against bacteraemic pneumonia due
to vaccine serotypes of S. pneumoniae.
Effectiveness (no microbiological confirmation of diagnosis was performed) against non-bacteraemic
pneumonia was also assessed. As many pathogens other than pneumococcal serotypes represented in the
vaccine may contribute to the burden of pneumonia in children, protection against all clinical pneumonia
is expected to be lower than for invasive pneumococcal disease. In the per-protocol analysis, the
estimated risk reduction for the first episode of clinical pneumonia with abnormal chest radiograph
(defined as the presence of infiltrates beyond the perihilar area, consolidation, or empyema) was 20.5 %
(95 % CI: 4.4, 34.0). Reductions in pneumonia with abnormal chest radiograph were greatest in the first
year of life (32.2 %; 95 % CI: 3.3, 52.5) and in the first 2 years of life (23.4 %; 95 % CI: 5.2, 38.1).
Efficacy against otitis media
Acute otitis media (AOM) is a common childhood disease with different aetiologies. Bacteria can be
responsible for 60-70% of clinical episodes of AOM. The pneumococcus is responsible for 30-40% of all
bacterial AOM and a greater fraction of severe AOM. Theoretically, Prevenar could prevent about 60-
80% of serotypes causing pneumococcal AOM. It is estimated that Prevenar could prevent 6-13% of all
clinical episodes of AOM.
Efficacy of Prevenar against acute otitis media (AOM) was assessed in a randomised, double blind,
clinical trial of 1,662 Finnish infants immunised with either Prevenar or a control vaccine (Hepatitis B
vaccine), at 2, 4, 6 and 12-15 months of age. The estimate for vaccine efficacy against vaccine-serotype
AOM, the primary endpoint of the trial, was 57 % (95 % CI: 44, 67) in the per-protocol analysis and 54 %
(95 % CI: 41, 64) in the intent-to-treat analysis. A 33 % (95 % CI: -1, 80) increase in AOM due to
serogroups not included in the vaccine was observed in immunised subjects. However, the overall benefit
was a 34 % (95 % CI: 21, 45) reduction in the incidence of all pneumococcal AOM. The impact of the
vaccine on total number of episodes of otitis media regardless of etiology was a 6 % (95 % CI: -4, 16)
reduction.
A subset of children in this study were followed until they reached 4 to 5 years of age. In this follow-up,
vaccine efficacy for frequent OM (defined as at least 3 episodes within 6 months) was 18 % (95 % CI: 1,
32), for chronic otitis media with effusion, 50 % (95 % CI: 15, 71), and for tympanostomy tube placement,
39 % (95 % CI: 4, 61).
Efficacy of Prevenar against AOM was assessed as a secondary endpoint in the Kaiser Permanente trial.
Children were followed until 3.5 years of age. The impact of the vaccine on total number of episodes of
otitis media regardless of etiology was a 7 % reduction (95 % CI: 4, 10). The effect of the vaccine in the
per-protocol analysis was a 9 % reduction (95 % CI: 3, 15) in recurrent AOM (defined as 3 episodes in six
months or 4 episodes in one year) or a 23 % (95 % CI: 7,36) reduction for recurrent AOM (5 episodes in
six months or 6 episodes in one year). Tympanostomy tube placement was reduced by 24 % (95 % CI: 12,
35) in the per-protocol analysis and by 23 % (95 % CI: 11, 34) in the intent-to-treat analysis.
18
Effectiveness
The effectiveness of Prevenar against IPD (i.e. comprising the protection afforded by vaccination
and from herd immunity due to reduced transmission of vaccine serotypes in the population) has been
evaluated in national immunisation programmes that employ three-dose or two-dose infant series, each
with booster doses.
In the USA, generalised vaccination with Prevenar using a four-dose series in infants and a catch-up
programme for children up to 5 years of age was introduced in 2000. Vaccine effectiveness against IPD
caused by vaccine serotypes was evaluated in 3- to 59-month old children within the first four years of the
implementation of the programme. When compared with no vaccination, point estimates for the
effectiveness of 2-, 3-, or 4-doses given on an infant schedule were similar: 96% (95% CI 88-99); 95%
(95% CI 88-99); and 100% (95% CI 94-100), respectively. In the USA in the same time frame, there was a
94% reduction in vaccine type IPD in individuals under 5 years of age, compared to a pre-vaccine baseline
(1998/99). In parallel, there was a 62% reduction in vaccine type IPD in individuals over 5 years of age.
This indirect or herd effect is due to a reduction in transmission of vaccine serotypes from immunised
young children to the rest of the population and coincides with decreased nasopharyngeal carriage of
vaccine serotypes.
In Quebec, Canada Prevenar was introduced at 2, 4 and 12 months of age with a single dose catch-up
programme in children up to 5 years of age. In the first two years of the programme, with over 90%
coverage, the observed effectiveness against IPD caused by vaccine serotypes was 93% (95% CI 75-98)
for the 2 dose infant series and 100% (95% CI 91-100) for the completed schedule.
Preliminary data from England and Wales reported less than 1 year following introduction of routine
immunisation at 2, 4 and 13 months with a single dose catch-up programme for children 13 to 23 months
of age have suggested that effectiveness of this schedule might be lower against serotype 6B than against
the other serotypes in the vaccine.
The effectiveness of a two-dose primary series has not been established against pneumonia or acute otitis
media.
Additional immunogenicity data
The immunogenicity of Prevenar has been investigated in an open-label, multicenter study in 49 infants
with sickle cell disease. Children were vaccinated with Prevenar (3 doses one month apart from the age of
2 months) and 46 of these children also received a 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine at the
age of 15-18 months. After primary immunisation, 95.6% of the subjects had antibody levels of at least
0.35 µg/ml for all seven serotypes found in Prevenar. A significant increase was seen in the concentrations
of antibodies against the seven serotypes after the polysaccharide vaccination, suggesting that
immunological memory was well established.
5.2 Pharmacokinetic properties
Not applicable
5.3 Preclinical safety data
A repeated dose intramuscular toxicity study (13 weeks, 5 injections, one every three weeks) of
pneumococcal conjugate vaccine in rabbits revealed no evidence of any significant local or systemic toxic
effects.
19
Repeated dose subcutaneous toxicity studies (13 weeks, 7 injections of the clinical dose, one every other
week, followed by a 4-week recovery period) of Prevenar in rats and monkeys revealed no evidence of
any significant local or systemic toxic effects.
6.
PHARMACEUTICAL PARTICULARS
6.1 List of excipients
Sodium chloride
Water for injections
6.2 Incompatibilities
In the absence of compatibility studies, this medicinal product must not be mixed with other medicinal
products.
6.3 Shelf life
4 years
6.4 Special precautions for storage
Store in a refrigerator (2°C – 8°C).
Do not freeze.
6.5 Nature and contents of container
0.5 ml suspension for injection in pre-filled syringe (Type I glass) with a plunger rod (polypropylene), a
plunger stopper (latex free grey butyl rubber) and a protective-tip cap (latex free grey butyl rubber) -
Pack sizes:
1 or 10 pre- filled syringes with or without needle
Multi pack of 5 packs of 10 pre-filled syringes without needle.
Not all pack sizes may be marketed.
6.6 Special precautions for disposal and other handling
Upon storage, a white deposit and clear supernatant can be observed.
The vaccine should be well shaken to obtain a homogeneous white suspension and be inspected visually
for any particulate matter and/or variation of physical aspect prior to administration. Do not use if the
content appears otherwise.
Any unused product or waste material should be disposed of in accordance with local requirements.
7.
MARKETING AUTHORISATION HOLDER
Wyeth Lederle Vaccines S.A.
Pleinlaan 17 Boulevard de la Plaine
1050 Brussel - Bruxelles
Belgium
20
8.
MARKETING AUTHORISATION NUMBER(S)
EU/1/00/167/003
EU/1/00/167/004
EU/1/00/167/006
EU/1/00/167/007
EU/1/00/167/008
9.
DATE OF FIRST AUTHORISATION/RENEWAL OF THE AUTHORISATION
Date of first authorisation: 02/02/2001
Date of last renewal: 12/04/2006
10.
DATE OF REVISION OF THE TEXT
Detailed information on this product is available on the website of the European Medicines Agency
http://www.ema.europa.eu
21
ANNEX II
A.
MANUFACTURERS OF THE BIOLOGICAL ACTIVE
SUBSTANCES AND MANUFACTURING AUTHORISATION
HOLDER RESPONSIBLE FOR BATCH RELEASE
B.
CONDITIONS OF THE MARKETING AUTHORISATION
22
A. MANUFACTURERS OF THE BIOLOGICAL ACTIVE SUBSTANCES AND
MANUFACTURING AUTHORISATION HOLDER RESPONSIBLE FOR BATCH
RELEASE
Name and address of the manufacturers of the biological active substances
CRM 197 , Activated Saccharides, and Conjugates
Wyeth Pharmaceuticals, Division of Wyeth Holdings Corporation
4300 Oak Park
NC 27330, Sanford, USA
Pneumococcal Polysaccharides
Wyeth Pharmaceuticals, Division of Wyeth Holdings Corporation
401 North Middletown Road
NY 10965, Pearl River, USA
Name and address of the manufacturer responsible for batch release
John Wyeth & Brother Ltd.
Huntercombe Lane South
Taplow, Maidenhead
Berkshire, SL6 0PH
United Kingdom
B. CONDITIONS OF THE MARKETING AUTHORISATION
CONDITIONS OR RESTRICTIONS REGARDING SUPPLY AND USE IMPOSED ON THE
MARKETING AUTHORISATION HOLDER
Medicinal product subject to medical prescription.
CONDITIONS AND RESTRICTIONS WITH REGARD TO THE SAFE AND EFFECTIVE
USE OF THE MEDICINAL PRODUCT
Not applicable.
OTHER CONDITIONS
Pharmacovigilance system
The Marketing Authorisation Holder must ensure that the system of pharmacovigilance presented in
Module 1.8.1 of the Marketing Authorisation, is in place and functioning before and whilst the product is
on the market.
PSURs
The marketing Authorisation holder will continue to submit periodic safety update reports on a 2-year
cycle.
Official batch release: in accordance with Article 114 of Council Directive 2001/83/EC as amended, the
official batch release will be undertaken by a state laboratory or a laboratory designated for that purpose.
23
Official Medicines Control Laboratory (OMCL)
Agence Française de Sécurité Sanitaire des Produits de Santé
Direction des laboratoires et des contrôles
Avenue Jean Jaurès, 321
F - 69007 Lyon
France
24
ANNEX III
LABELLING AND PACKAGE LEAFLET
25
A. LABELLING
26
PARTICULARS TO APPEAR ON THE OUTER PACKAGING
OUTER CARTON TEXT – 1 vial pack
1.
NAME OF THE MEDICINAL PRODUCT
Prevenar suspension for injection
Pneumococcal saccharide conjugated vaccine, adsorbed
2.
STATEMENT OF ACTIVE SUBSTANCE(S)
Each 0.5 ml dose contains 2 micrograms of saccharide for serotypes 4, 9V, 14, 18C, 19F, and 23F, and 4
micrograms of serotype 6B per dose (16 micrograms total saccharide) conjugated to CRM 197 carrier
protein and adsorbed on aluminium phosphate (0.5 mg).
3.
LIST OF EXCIPIENTS
Also contains sodium chloride and water for injections.
4.
PHARMACEUTICAL FORM AND CONTENTS
Suspension for injection.
1 single-dose (0.5 ml) vial.
5.
METHOD AND ROUTE(S) OF ADMINISTRATION
Intramuscular use.
Shake well before use.
Read the package leaflet before use.
6.
SPECIAL WARNING THAT THE MEDICINAL PRODUCT MUST BE STORED OUT OF
THE REACH AND SIGHT OF CHILDREN
Keep out of the reach and sight of children.
7.
OTHER SPECIAL WARNING(S), IF NECESSARY
Do not inject intravenously.
27
 
8.
EXPIRY DATE
EXP:
9.
SPECIAL STORAGE CONDITIONS
Store in a refrigerator.
Do not freeze.
10. SPECIAL PRECAUTIONS FOR DISPOSAL OF UNUSED MEDICINAL PRODUCTS OR
WASTE MATERIALS DERIVED FROM SUCH MEDICINAL PRODUCTS, IF
APPROPRIATE
11. NAME AND ADDRESS OF THE MARKETING AUTHORISATION HOLDER
Wyeth Lederle Vaccines S.A.
Pleinlaan 17 Boulevard de la Plaine
1050 Brussel - Bruxelles
Belgium
12. MARKETING AUTHORISATION NUMBER(S)
EU/1/00/167/001
13. BATCH NUMBER
Lot:
14. GENERAL CLASSIFICATION FOR SUPPLY
Medicinal product subject to medical prescription.
15. INSTRUCTIONS ON USE
16. INFORMATION IN BRAILLE
28
 
MINIMUM PARTICULARS TO APPEAR ON SMALL IMMEDIATE PACKAGING UNITS
VIAL LABEL
1.
NAME OF THE MEDICINAL PRODUCT AND ROUTE(S) OF ADMINISTRATION
Prevenar suspension for injection
Pneumococcal saccharide conjugated vaccine, adsorbed
Intramuscular use.
2.
METHOD OF ADMINISTRATION
Shake well before use.
3.
EXPIRY DATE
EXP:
4.
BATCH NUMBER
Lot:
5.
CONTENTS BY WEIGHT, BY VOLUME OR BY UNIT
1 dose (0.5 ml)
6. OTHER
Wyeth Lederle Vaccines S.A.
29
 
PARTICULARS TO APPEAR ON THE OUTER PACKAGING
OUTER CARTON TEXT– 10 vials pack
1.
NAME OF THE MEDICINAL PRODUCT
Prevenar suspension for injection
Pneumococcal saccharide conjugated vaccine, adsorbed
2.
STATEMENT OF ACTIVE SUBSTANCE(S)
Each 0.5 ml dose contains 2 micrograms of saccharide for serotypes 4, 9V, 14, 18C, 19F, and 23F, and 4
micrograms of serotype 6B per dose (16 micrograms total saccharide) conjugated to CRM 197 carrier
protein and adsorbed on aluminium phosphate (0.5 mg).
3.
LIST OF EXCIPIENTS
Also contains sodium chloride and water for injections.
4.
PHARMACEUTICAL FORM AND CONTENTS
Suspension for injection.
10 single-dose (0.5 ml) vials.
5.
METHOD AND ROUTE(S) OF ADMINISTRATION
Intramuscular use.
Shake well before use.
Read the package leaflet before use.
6.
SPECIAL WARNING THAT THE MEDICINAL PRODUCT MUST BE STORED OUT OF
THE REACH AND SIGHT OF CHILDREN
Keep out of the reach and sight of children.
7.
OTHER SPECIAL WARNING(S), IF NECESSARY
Do not inject intravenously.
30
 
8.
EXPIRY DATE
EXP:
9.
SPECIAL STORAGE CONDITIONS
Store in a refrigerator.
Do not freeze.
10. SPECIAL PRECAUTIONS FOR DISPOSAL OF UNUSED MEDICINAL PRODUCTS OR
WASTE MATERIALS DERIVED FROM SUCH MEDICINAL PRODUCTS, IF
APPROPRIATE
11. NAME AND ADDRESS OF THE MARKETING AUTHORISATION HOLDER
Wyeth Lederle Vaccines S.A.
Pleinlaan 17 Boulevard de la Plaine
1050 Brussel - Bruxelles
Belgium
12. MARKETING AUTHORISATION NUMBER(S)
EU/1/00/167/002
13. BATCH NUMBER
Lot:
14. GENERAL CLASSIFICATION FOR SUPPLY
Medicinal product subject to medical prescription.
15. INSTRUCTIONS ON USE
16. INFORMATION IN BRAILLE
31
 
PARTICULARS TO APPEAR ON THE OUTER PACKAGING
OUTER CARTON TEXT – 1 pre-filled syringe pack without needle
1.
NAME OF THE MEDICINAL PRODUCT
Prevenar suspension for injection in pre-filled syringe
Pneumococcal saccharide conjugated vaccine, adsorbed
2.
STATEMENT OF ACTIVE SUBSTANCE(S)
Each 0.5 ml dose contains 2 micrograms of saccharide for serotypes 4, 9V, 14, 18C, 19F, and 23F, and 4
micrograms of serotype 6B per dose (16 micrograms total saccharide) conjugated to CRM 197 carrier
protein and adsorbed on aluminium phosphate (0.5 mg).
3.
LIST OF EXCIPIENTS
Also contains sodium chloride and water for injections.
4.
PHARMACEUTICAL FORM AND CONTENTS
Suspension for injection in pre-filled syringe.
1 single-dose (0.5 ml) pre-filled syringe without needle.
5.
METHOD AND ROUTE(S) OF ADMINISTRATION
Intramuscular use.
Shake well before use.
Read the package leaflet before use.
6.
SPECIAL WARNING THAT THE MEDICINAL PRODUCT MUST BE STORED OUT OF
THE REACH AND SIGHT OF CHILDREN
Keep out of the reach and sight of children.
7.
OTHER SPECIAL WARNING(S), IF NECESSARY
Do not inject intravenously.
32
 
8.
EXPIRY DATE
EXP:
9.
SPECIAL STORAGE CONDITIONS
Store in a refrigerator.
Do not freeze.
10. SPECIAL PRECAUTIONS FOR DISPOSAL OF UNUSED MEDICINAL PRODUCTS OR
WASTE MATERIALS DERIVED FROM SUCH MEDICINAL PRODUCTS, IF
APPROPRIATE
11. NAME AND ADDRESS OF THE MARKETING AUTHORISATION HOLDER
Wyeth Lederle Vaccines S.A.
Pleinlaan 17 Boulevard de la Plaine
1050 Brussel - Bruxelles
Belgium
12. MARKETING AUTHORISATION NUMBER(S)
EU/1/00/167/003
13. BATCH NUMBER
Lot:
14. GENERAL CLASSIFICATION FOR SUPPLY
Medicinal product subject to medical prescription.
15. INSTRUCTIONS ON USE
16. INFORMATION IN BRAILLE
33
 
MINIMUM PARTICULARS TO APPEAR ON SMALL IMMEDIATE PACKAGING UNITS
PRE-FILLED SYRINGE LABEL
1.
NAME OF THE MEDICINAL PRODUCT AND ROUTE(S) OF ADMINISTRATION
Prevenar suspension for injection in pre-filled syringe
Pneumococcal saccharide conjugated vaccine, adsorbed.
Intramuscular use.
2. METHOD OF ADMINISTRATION
Shake well before use.
3.
EXPIRY DATE
EXP:
4.
BATCH NUMBER
Lot:
5.
CONTENTS BY WEIGHT, BY VOLUME OR BY UNIT
1 dose (0.5 ml)
6.
OTHER
Wyeth Lederle Vaccines S.A.
34
 
PARTICULARS TO APPEAR ON THE OUTER PACKAGING
OUTER CARTON TEXT – 10 pre-filled syringes pack without needle
1.
NAME OF THE MEDICINAL PRODUCT
Prevenar suspension for injection in pre-filled syringe
Pneumococcal saccharide conjugated vaccine, adsorbed
2.
STATEMENT OF ACTIVE SUBSTANCE(S)
Each 0.5 ml dose contains 2 micrograms of saccharide for serotypes 4, 9V, 14, 18C, 19F, and 23F, and 4
micrograms of serotype 6B per dose (16 micrograms total saccharide) conjugated to CRM 197 carrier
protein and adsorbed on aluminium phosphate (0.5 mg).
3.
LIST OF EXCIPIENTS
Also contains sodium chloride and water for injections.
4.
PHARMACEUTICAL FORM AND CONTENTS
Suspension for injection in pre-filled syringe.
10 single-dose (0.5 ml) pre-filled syringes without needle.
5.
METHOD AND ROUTE(S) OF ADMINISTRATION
Intramuscular use.
Shake well before use.
Read the package leaflet before use.
6.
SPECIAL WARNING THAT THE MEDICINAL PRODUCT MUST BE STORED OUT OF
THE REACH AND SIGHT OF CHILDREN
Keep out of the reach and sight of children.
7.
OTHER SPECIAL WARNING(S), IF NECESSARY
Do not inject intravenously.
35
 
8.
EXPIRY DATE
EXP:
9.
SPECIAL STORAGE CONDITIONS
Store in a refrigerator.
Do not freeze.
10. SPECIAL PRECAUTIONS FOR DISPOSAL OF UNUSED MEDICINAL PRODUCTS OR
WASTE MATERIALS DERIVED FROM SUCH MEDICINAL PRODUCTS, IF
APPROPRIATE
11. NAME AND ADDRESS OF THE MARKETING AUTHORISATION HOLDER
Wyeth Lederle Vaccines S.A.
Pleinlaan 17 Boulevard de la Plaine
1050 Brussel - Bruxelles
Belgium
12. MARKETING AUTHORISATION NUMBER(S)
EU/1/00/167/004
13. BATCH NUMBER
Lot:
14. GENERAL CLASSIFICATION FOR SUPPLY
Medicinal product subject to medical prescription.
15. INSTRUCTIONS ON USE
16. INFORMATION IN BRAILLE
36
 
PARTICULARS TO APPEAR ON THE OUTER PACKAGING
OUTER CARTON TEXT – 1 vial pack with syringe/needles
1.
NAME OF THE MEDICINAL PRODUCT
Prevenar suspension for injection
Pneumococcal saccharide conjugated vaccine, adsorbed
2.
STATEMENT OF ACTIVE SUBSTANCE(S)
Each 0.5 ml dose contains 2 micrograms of saccharide for serotypes 4, 9V, 14, 18C, 19F, and 23F, and 4
micrograms of serotype 6B per dose (16 micrograms total saccharide) conjugated to CRM 197 carrier
protein and adsorbed on aluminium phosphate (0.5 mg).
3.
LIST OF EXCIPIENTS
Also contains sodium chloride and water for injections.
4.
PHARMACEUTICAL FORM AND CONTENTS
Suspension for injection.
1 single-dose (0.5 ml) vial.
1 separate syringe.
2 separate needles.
5.
METHOD AND ROUTE(S) OF ADMINISTRATION
Intramuscular use.
Shake well before use.
Read the package leaflet before use.
6.
SPECIAL WARNING THAT THE MEDICINAL PRODUCT MUST BE STORED OUT OF
THE REACH AND SIGHT OF CHILDREN
Keep out of the reach and sight of children.
7.
OTHER SPECIAL WARNING(S), IF NECESSARY
Do not inject intravenously.
37
 
8.
EXPIRY DATE
EXP:
9.
SPECIAL STORAGE CONDITIONS
Store in a refrigerator.
Do not freeze.
10. SPECIAL PRECAUTIONS FOR DISPOSAL OF UNUSED MEDICINAL PRODUCTS OR
WASTE MATERIALS DERIVED FROM SUCH MEDICINAL PRODUCTS, IF
APPROPRIATE
11. NAME AND ADDRESS OF THE MARKETING AUTHORISATION HOLDER
Wyeth Lederle Vaccines S.A.
Pleinlaan 17 Boulevard de la Plaine
1050 Brussel - Bruxelles
Belgium
12. MARKETING AUTHORISATION NUMBER(S)
EU/1/00/167/005
13. BATCH NUMBER
Lot:
14. GENERAL CLASSIFICATION FOR SUPPLY
Medicinal product subject to medical prescription
15. INSTRUCTIONS ON USE
16. INFORMATION IN BRAILLE
38
 
PARTICULARS TO APPEAR ON THE OUTER PACKAGING
OUTER CARTON TEXT – 1 pre-filled syringe pack with separate needle
1.
NAME OF THE MEDICINAL PRODUCT
Prevenar suspension for injection in pre-filled syringe
Pneumococcal saccharide conjugated vaccine, adsorbed
2.
STATEMENT OF ACTIVE SUBSTANCE(S)
Each 0.5 ml dose contains 2 micrograms of saccharide for serotypes 4, 9V, 14, 18C, 19F, and 23F, and 4
micrograms of serotype 6B per dose (16 micrograms total saccharide) conjugated to CRM 197 carrier
protein and adsorbed on aluminium phosphate (0.5 mg).
3.
LIST OF EXCIPIENTS
Also contains sodium chloride and water for injections.
4.
PHARMACEUTICAL FORM AND CONTENTS
Suspension for injection in pre-filled syringe.
1 single-dose (0.5 ml) pre-filled syringe with separate needle.
5.
METHOD AND ROUTE(S) OF ADMINISTRATION
Intramuscular use.
Shake well before use. Read the package leaflet before use.
6.
SPECIAL WARNING THAT THE MEDICINAL PRODUCT MUST BE STORED OUT OF
THE REACH AND SIGHT OF CHILDREN
Keep out of the reach and sight of children.
7.
OTHER SPECIAL WARNING(S), IF NECESSARY
Do not inject intravenously.
39
 
8.
EXPIRY DATE
EXP:
9.
SPECIAL STORAGE CONDITIONS
Store in a refrigerator.
Do not freeze.
10. SPECIAL PRECAUTIONS FOR DISPOSAL OF UNUSED MEDICINAL PRODUCTS OR
WASTE MATERIALS DERIVED FROM SUCH MEDICINAL PRODUCTS, IF
APPROPRIATE
11. NAME AND ADDRESS OF THE MARKETING AUTHORISATION HOLDER
Wyeth Lederle Vaccines S.A.
Pleinlaan 17 Boulevard de la Plaine
1050 Brussel - Bruxelles
Belgium
12. MARKETING AUTHORISATION NUMBER(S)
EU/1/00/167/006
13. BATCH NUMBER
Lot:
14. GENERAL CLASSIFICATION FOR SUPPLY
Medicinal product subject to medical prescription.
15. INSTRUCTIONS ON USE
16. INFORMATION IN BRAILLE
40
 
PARTICULARS TO APPEAR ON THE OUTER PACKAGING
OUTER CARTON TEXT – 10 pre-filled syringes pack with separate needle
1.
NAME OF THE MEDICINAL PRODUCT
Prevenar suspension for injection in pre-filled syringe
Pneumococcal saccharide conjugated vaccine, adsorbed
2.
STATEMENT OF ACTIVE SUBSTANCE(S)
Each 0.5 ml dose contains 2 micrograms of saccharide for serotypes 4, 9V, 14, 18C, 19F, and 23F, and 4
micrograms of serotype 6B per dose (16 micrograms total saccharide) conjugated to CRM 197 carrier
protein and adsorbed on aluminium phosphate (0.5 mg).
3.
LIST OF EXCIPIENTS
Also contains sodium chloride and water for injections.
4.
PHARMACEUTICAL FORM AND CONTENTS
Suspension for injection in pre-filled syringe.
10 single-dose (0.5 ml) pre-filled syringes with separate needle.
5.
METHOD AND ROUTE(S) OF ADMINISTRATION
Intramuscular use.
Shake well before use.
Read the package leaflet before use.
6.
SPECIAL WARNING THAT THE MEDICINAL PRODUCT MUST BE STORED OUT OF
THE REACH AND SIGHT OF CHILDREN
Keep out of the reach and sight of children.
7.
OTHER SPECIAL WARNING(S), IF NECESSARY
Do not inject intravenously.
41
 
8.
EXPIRY DATE
EXP:
9.
SPECIAL STORAGE CONDITIONS
Store in a refrigerator.
Do not freeze.
10. SPECIAL PRECAUTIONS FOR DISPOSAL OF UNUSED MEDICINAL PRODUCTS OR
WASTE MATERIALS DERIVED FROM SUCH MEDICINAL PRODUCTS, IF
APPROPRIATE
11. NAME AND ADDRESS OF THE MARKETING AUTHORISATION HOLDER
Wyeth Lederle Vaccines S.A.
Pleinlaan 17 Boulevard de la Plaine
1050 Brussel - Bruxelles
Belgium
12. MARKETING AUTHORISATION NUMBER(S)
EU/1/00/167/007
13. BATCH NUMBER
Lot:
14. GENERAL CLASSIFICATION FOR SUPPLY
Medicinal product subject to medical prescription.
15. INSTRUCTIONS ON USE
16. INFORMATION IN BRAILLE
42
 
PARTICULARS TO APPEAR ON THE OUTER PACKAGING
OUTER CARTON TEXT – 10 pre-filled syringes pack without needle: pack for multi pack
presentation (5 x 10), without blue box
1.
NAME OF THE MEDICINAL PRODUCT
Prevenar suspension for injection in pre-filled syringe
Pneumococcal saccharide conjugated vaccine, adsorbed
2.
STATEMENT OF ACTIVE SUBSTANCE(S)
Each 0.5 ml dose contains 2 micrograms of saccharide for serotypes 4, 9V, 14, 18C, 19F, and 23F, and 4
micrograms of serotype 6B per dose (16 micrograms total saccharide) conjugated to CRM 197 carrier
protein and adsorbed on aluminium phosphate (0.5 mg).
3.
LIST OF EXCIPIENTS
Also contains sodium chloride and water for injections.
4.
PHARMACEUTICAL FORM AND CONTENTS
Suspension for injection in pre-filled syringe.
Component of a multipack comprising 5 packs, each containing 10 single-dose (0.5 ml) pre-filled syringes
without needle.
Each individual pack cannot be sold separately.
5.
METHOD AND ROUTE(S) OF ADMINISTRATION
Intramuscular use.
Shake well before use.
Read the package leaflet before use.
6.
SPECIAL WARNING THAT THE MEDICINAL PRODUCT MUST BE STORED OUT OF
THE REACH AND SIGHT OF CHILDREN
Keep out of the reach and sight of children.
7.
OTHER SPECIAL WARNING(S), IF NECESSARY
Do not inject intravenously.
8.
EXPIRY DATE
43
 
EXP:
9.
SPECIAL STORAGE CONDITIONS
Store in a refrigerator.
Do not freeze.
10. SPECIAL PRECAUTIONS FOR DISPOSAL OF UNUSED MEDICINAL PRODUCTS OR
WASTE MATERIALS DERIVED FROM SUCH MEDICINAL PRODUCTS, IF
APPROPRIATE
11. NAME AND ADDRESS OF THE MARKETING AUTHORISATION HOLDER
Wyeth Lederle Vaccines S.A.
Pleinlaan 17 Boulevard de la Plaine
1050 Brussel - Bruxelles
Belgium
12. MARKETING AUTHORISATION NUMBER(S)
EU/1/00/167/008
13. BATCH NUMBER
Lot:
14. GENERAL CLASSIFICATION FOR SUPPLY
Medicinal product subject to medical prescription.
15. INSTRUCTIONS ON USE
16. INFORMATION IN BRAILLE
44
 
PARTICULARS TO APPEAR ON THE OUTER PACKAGING
LABEL TEXT - Outer wrapper label to be applied on the transparent foil for multi pack
presentation (5 x 10), including the blue box
1.
NAME OF THE MEDICINAL PRODUCT
Prevenar suspension for injection in pre-filled syringe
Pneumococcal saccharide conjugated vaccine, adsorbed
2.
STATEMENT OF ACTIVE SUBSTANCE(S)
Each 0.5 ml dose contains 2 micrograms of saccharide for serotypes 4, 9V, 14, 18C, 19F, and 23F, and 4
micrograms of serotype 6B per dose (16 micrograms total saccharide) conjugated to CRM 197 carrier
protein and adsorbed on aluminium phosphate (0.5 mg).
3.
LIST OF EXCIPIENTS
Also contains sodium chloride and water for injections.
4.
PHARMACEUTICAL FORM AND CONTENTS
Suspension for injection in pre-filled syringe.
Multipack comprising 5 packs, each containing 10 single-dose (0.5 ml) pre-filled syringes without needle.
Each individual pack cannot be sold separately.
5.
METHOD AND ROUTE(S) OF ADMINISTRATION
Intramuscular use.
Shake well before use.
Read the package leaflet before use.
6.
SPECIAL WARNING THAT THE MEDICINAL PRODUCT MUST BE STORED OUT OF
THE REACH AND SIGHT OF CHILDREN
Keep out of the reach and sight of children.
7.
OTHER SPECIAL WARNING(S), IF NECESSARY
Do not inject intravenously.
8.
EXPIRY DATE
EXP:
45
 
9.
SPECIAL STORAGE CONDITIONS
Store in a refrigerator.
Do not freeze.
10. SPECIAL PRECAUTIONS FOR DISPOSAL OF UNUSED MEDICINAL PRODUCTS OR
WASTE MATERIALS DERIVED FROM SUCH MEDICINAL PRODUCTS, IF
APPROPRIATE
11. NAME AND ADDRESS OF THE MARKETING AUTHORISATION HOLDER
Wyeth Lederle Vaccines S.A.
Pleinlaan 17 Boulevard de la Plaine
1050 Brussel - Bruxelles
Belgium
12. MARKETING AUTHORISATION NUMBER(S)
EU/1/00/167/008
13. BATCH NUMBER
Lot:
14. GENERAL CLASSIFICATION FOR SUPPLY
Medicinal product subject to medical prescription.
15. INSTRUCTIONS ON USE
16. INFORMATION IN BRAILLE
46
 
B. PACKAGE LEAFLET
47
PACKAGE LEAFLET: INFORMATION FOR THE USER
Prevenar suspension for injection
Pneumococcal saccharide conjugated vaccine, adsorbed
Read all of this leaflet carefully before your child receives this vaccine.
- Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it again.
- If you have any further questions, ask your doctor, pharmacist or nurse.
- If any of the side effects gets serious, or if you notice any side effects not listed in this leaflet, please
tell your doctor or pharmacist.
In this leaflet:
1.
What Prevenar is and what it is used for
2.
Before your child receives Prevenar
3.
How Prevenar is given
4.
Possible side effects
5.
How to store Prevenar
6.
Further information
1.
WHAT PREVENAR IS AND WHAT IT IS USED FOR
Prevenar is a pneumococcal vaccine. Prevenar is given to children from 2 months to 5 years to help protect
against diseases such as: meningitis, sepsis or bacteraemia (bacteria in blood stream), pneumonia and ear
infection caused by seven types of the bacteria Streptococcus pneumoniae.
The vaccine works by helping the body to make its own antibodies, which protect your child against
these diseases.
2.
BEFORE YOUR CHILD RECEIVES PREVENAR
Do not use Prevenar:
-
if your child is allergic (hypersensitive) to the active substances, to any other ingredients or to
diphtheria toxoid.
-
if your child has a severe infection with a high temperature (over 38°C). If this applies to your child,
then the vaccination will be postponed until your child is feeling better. A minor infection, such as a
cold, should not be a problem. However, talk to your doctor, pharmacist, or nurse first.
Take special care with Prevenar:
-
if your child has any present or past medical problems after any dose of Prevenar.
-
if your child has any bleeding problems.
Prevenar will only protect against ear infections caused by the types of Streptococcus pneumoniae for
which the vaccine has been developed. It will not protect against other infectious agents that can cause
ear infections.
Using other medicines/vaccines:
Please tell your doctor, nurse or pharmacist if your child is taking or has recently taken any other
medicines including medicines obtained without prescription or has recently received any other vaccine.
Important information about some of the ingredients of Prevenar:
48
 
This medicinal product contains less than 1 mmol sodium (23mg) per dose, i.e. essentially sodium-free
3.
HOW PREVENAR IS GIVEN
The doctor or nurse will inject the recommended dose (0.5 ml) of the vaccine into your
child's arm or leg muscle .
Prevenar can be given at the same time as other childhood vaccines; in this case different injection sites
should be used.
Infants aged 6 weeks to 6 months of age
Typically, your child should receive an initial course of three injections followed by a booster dose
The first injection may be given from 2 months of age.
Each injection will be given at least 1 month apart
A fourth injection (booster) will be given between 11 and 15 months of age.
You will be told when your child should come back for the next injection.
According to official recommendations in your country, an alternative schedule may be used by your
health-care provider. Please speak to your doctor, pharmacist, or nurse for more information.
Unvaccinated infants and children over 7 months of age
Infants aged 7 to- 11 months should receive two injections. Each injection will be given at least 1 month
apart. A third injection will be given in the second year of life.
Children aged 12 to 23 months should receive two injections. Each injection will be given at least 2
month apart.
Children aged 2 to 5 years should receive one injection.
It is important to follow the instructions from the doctor, pharmacist, or nurse so that your child completes
the course of injections.
If you forget to go back to the doctor or nurse at the scheduled time, ask the doctor or nurse for advice.
4.
POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS
Like all vaccines, Prevenar can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them. The following side
effects may happen with this vaccine.
The most common side effects (these may occur with more than 1 in 10 doses of the vaccine) are:
Vomiting, diarrhoea, decreased appetite.
Pain, tenderness, redness, swelling, or hardness at the injection site; fever of 38 °C or higher,
irritability, crying, drowsiness, restless sleep
Common side effects (these may occur with up to 1 in 10 doses of the vaccine) are:
Redness, swelling, or hardness at the injection site greater than 2.4 cm; tenderness at the injection site
interfering with movement
Fever of 39°C or higher
Uncommon side effects (these may occur with up to 1 in 100 doses of the vaccine) are:
Rash/hives (urticaria)
Rare side effects (these may occur with up to 1 in 1,000 doses of the vaccine) are:
49
Seizures (or fits), including those caused by a high temperature
Hypotonic-hyporesponsive episode (collapse or shock-like state)
Hypersensitivity reaction, including swelling of the face and/or lips, difficulty in breathing, rash,
urticaria or urticaria-like rash (hives)
Flushing
Very rare side effects (these may occur with up to 1 in 10,000 doses of the vaccine) are:
Enlarged lymph nodes or glands (lymphadenopathy) near the injection site, such as under the arm or
in the groin
Erythema multiforme (a rash causing itchy red blotches)
In babies born very prematurely (at or before 28 weeks of gestation) longer gaps than normal between
breaths may occur for 2-3 days after vaccination.
Please speak with your doctor,pharmacist, or nurse should you have any questions or concerns. If any of
the side effects gets serious or if you notice any side effects not listed in this leaflet, please tell your doctor
or pharmacist.
5.
HOW TO STORE PREVENAR
Keep out of the reach and sight of children
Store in a refrigerator (2°C – 8°C).
Do not freeze.
Do not use Prevenar after the expiry date stated on the carton and label. The expiry date refers to the last
day of that month.
Medicines should not be disposed of via wastewater or household waste. Ask your pharmacist how to
dispose of medicines no longer required. These measures will help to protect the environment.
6.
FURTHER INFORMATION
What Prevenar contains
The active substances
Each 0.5 ml dose contains:
Pneumococcal polysaccharide serotype 4*
2 micrograms
Pneumococcal polysaccharide serotype 6B*
4 micrograms
Pneumococcal polysaccharide serotype 9V*
2 micrograms
Pneumococcal polysaccharide serotype 14*
2 micrograms
Pneumococcal polysaccharide serotype 18C*
2 micrograms
Pneumococcal polysaccharide serotype 19F*
2 micrograms
Pneumococcal polysaccharide serotype 23F*
2 micrograms
* Conjugated to the CRM 197 carrier protein and adsorbed on aluminium phosphate (0.5 mg)
The other ingredients are sodium chloride and water for injections.
What Prevenar looks like and contents of the pack
50
The vaccine is a suspension for injection and provided in a single-dose vial (0.5 ml).
Pack sizes of 1 and 10 vials without syringe/needles.
Pack size of 1 vial with syringe and 2 needles (1 for withdrawal, 1 for injection).
Marketing Authorisation Holder and Manufacturer
Marketing Authorisation Holder:
Wyeth Lederle Vaccines S.A.
Pleinlaan 17 Boulevard de la Plaine
1050 Brussel - Bruxelles
Belgium
Manufacturing Authorisation Holder responsible for batch release:
John Wyeth & Brother Ltd.
Huntercombe Lane South
Taplow, Maidenhead
Berkshire, SL6 0PH-UK
United Kingdom
For any information about this medicinal product, please contact the local representative of the Marketing
Authorisation Holder:
België/Belgique/Belgien
Pfizer S.A. / N.V.
Tél/Tel: +32 (0)2 554 62 11
Latvija
Wyeth Whitehall Export GmbH
Tãlr.: + 43 1 89 1140
България
Wyeth Whitehall Export GmbH
Teл: + 43 1 89 1140
Lietuva
Wyeth Whitehall Export GmbHTel: + 43 1 89
1140
Česká Republika
Pfizer s.r.o.
Tel: +420-283-004-111
Malta
Vivian Corporation Ltd.
Tel: + 35621 344610
Danmark
Pfizer ApS
Tlf: +45 44 201 100
Nederland
Wyeth Pharmaceuticals B.V.
Tel: + 31 23 5672567
Deutschland
Pfizer Pharma GmbH
Tel: +49 (0)30 550055-51000
Norge
Pfizer AS
Tlf: +47 67 526 100
Eesti
Wyeth Whitehall Export GmbH
Tel: + 43 1 89 1140
Österreich
Pfizer Corporation Austria Ges.m.b.H.
Tel: +43 (0)1 521 15-0
Ελλάδα
Pfizer Hellas A.E.
Τηλ.: +30 210 6785 800
Polska
Pfizer Polska Sp. z o.o.
Tel.: +48 22 335 61 00
51
España
Pfizer, S.A.
Télf:+34914909900
Portugal
Laboratórios Pfizer, Lda.
Tel: (+351) 21 423 55 00
France
Pfizer
Tél +33 1 58 07 30 00
România
Pfizer Romania S.R.L
Tel: +40 (0) 21 207 28 00
Ireland
Wyeth Vaccines
Tel: + 353 1 449 3500
Slovenská Republika
Pfizer Luxembourg SARL, organiza č
zložka
Tel: + 421 2 3355 5500
Ísland
Icepharma hf,
Tel: + 354 540 8000
Slovenija
Wyeth Whitehall Export GmbH
Tel: + 43 1 89 1140
Italia
Wyeth Lederle S.p.A.
Tel: + 39 06 927151
Suomi/Finland
Pfizer Oy
Puh/Tel: +358 (0)9 430 040
Kύπρος
Wyeth Hellas (Cyprus Branch) AEBE
Tηλ: +357 22 817690
Sverige
Pfizer AB
Tel: +46 (0)8 550 520 00
Luxembourg/Luxemburg
Pfizer S.A. / N.V.
Tél/Tel: +32 (0)2 554 62 11
United Kingdom
Wyeth Vaccines
Tel: + 44 845 367 0098
Magyarország
Pfizer Kft.
Tel: +36 1 488 3700
This leaflet was last approved in
Detailed information on this medicine is available on the European Medicines Agency website:
http://www.ema.europa.eu
The following information is intended for medical or healthcare professionals only:
The vaccine should be well shaken to obtain a homogeneous white suspension and be inspected visually
for any particulate matter and/or variation of physical aspect prior to administration. Do not use if the
content appears otherwise.
Prevenar is for intramuscular use only. Do not administer intravenously.
This vaccine should not be given to infants or children with thrombocytopenia or any coagulation disorder
that would contraindicate intramuscular injection unless the potential benefit clearly outweighs the risk of
administration.
Infants age 2 - 6 months: the primary infant series consists of three doses, each of 0.5 ml, the first dose
usually given at 2 months of age and with an interval of at least 1 month between doses.
52
A fourth dose is recommended in the second year of life.
Alternatively, when Prevenar is given as part of a routine infant immunisation programme, a two-dose
schedule may be considered. The first dose may be given from the age of 2 months with a second dose at
least 2 months later and a third (booster) dose at 11-15 months of age.
Infants aged 7 - 11 months: two doses, each of 0.5 ml, with an interval of at least 1 month between doses.
A third dose is recommended in the second year of life.
Children aged 12 - 23 months: two doses, each of 0.5 ml, with an interval of at least 2 months between
doses.
Children aged 24 months - 5 years: one single dose.
The need for a booster dose after these immunisation schedules has not been established.
As with other vaccines, the administration of Prevenar should be postponed in subjects suffering from
acute moderate or severe febrile illness.
As with all injectable vaccines, appropriate medical treatment and supervision should always be readily
available in case of a rare anaphylactic event following the administration of the vaccine.
Prevenar will not protect against other Streptococcus pneumoniae serotypes than those included in the
vaccine or other micro-organisms that cause invasive disease or otitis media.
Although some antibody response to diphtheria toxoid may occur, immunisation with this vaccine does
not substitute for routine diphtheria immunisation.
For children from 2 years through 5 years of age, a single dose immunisation schedule was used. A higher
rate of local reactions has been observed in children older than 24 months of age compared with infants.
Different injectable vaccines should always be given at different injection sites.
Limited data have demonstrated that Prevenar induces an acceptable immune response in infants with
sickle cell disease with a safety profile similar to that observed in non-high-risk groups. Safety and
immunogenicity data are not yet available for children in other specific high-risk groups for invasive
pneumococcal disease (e.g. children with another congenital or acquired splenic dysfunction, HIV-
infected, malignancy, nephrotic syndrome). Vaccination in high-risk groups should be considered on an
individual basis.
Children below 2 years old (including those at high-risk) should receive the appropriate-for-age Prevenar
vaccination series. The use of pneumococcal conjugate vaccine does not replace the use of 23-valent
pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccines in children ≥ 24 months of age with conditions (such as sickle cell
disease, asplenia, HIV infection, chronic illness or who are immunocompromised) placing them at higher
risk for invasive disease due to Streptococcus pneumoniae . Whenever recommended, children at risk who
are ≥ 24 months of age and already primed with Prevenar should receive 23-valent pneumococcal
polysaccharide vaccine. The interval between the pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (Prevenar) and the 23-
valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine should not be less than 8 weeks. There are no data available
to indicate whether the administration of 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine to unprimed
children or to children primed with Prevenar might result in hyporesponsiveness to further doses of
Prevenar.
Prophylactic antipyretic medication is recommended:
- for all children receiving Prevenar simultaneously with vaccines containing whole cell pertussis because
of higher rate of febrile reactions
- for children with seizure disorders or with a prior history of febrile seizures.
53
Antipyretic treatment should be initiated whenever warranted or when the temperature rises above 39°C.
Children with impaired immune responsiveness, whether due to the use of immunosuppressive therapy, a
genetic defect, HIV infection, or other causes, may have reduced antibody response to active
immunisation.
As with any vaccine, Prevenar may not protect all individuals receiving the vaccine from pneumococcal
disease. Additionally, for vaccine serotypes, protection against otitis media is expected to be substantially
lower than protection against invasive disease. As otitis media is caused by many organisms other than
pneumococcal serotypes represented in the vaccine, protection against all otitis media is expected to be
low.
54
PACKAGE LEAFLET: INFORMATION FOR THE USER
Prevenar suspension for injection in pre-filled syringe
Pneumococcal saccharide conjugated vaccine, adsorbed
Read all of this leaflet carefully before your child receives this vaccine.
- Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it again.
- If you have any further questions, ask your doctor, pharmacist or nurse.
- If any of the side effects gets serious, or if you notice any side effects not listed in this leaflet, please
tell your doctor or pharmacist.
In this leaflet:
1.
What Prevenar is and what it is used for
2.
Before your child receives Prevenar
3.
How Prevenar is given
4.
Possible side effects
5.
How to store Prevenar
6.
Further information
1.
WHAT PREVENAR IS AND WHAT IT IS USED FOR
Prevenar is a pneumococcal vaccine. Prevenar is given to children from 2 months to 5 years to help
protect against diseases such as: meningitis, sepsis or bacteraemia (bacteria in blood stream), pneumonia
and ear infection caused by seven types of the bacteria Streptococcus pneumoniae.
The vaccine works by helping the body to make its own antibodies, which protect your child against
these diseases.
2.
BEFORE YOUR CHILD RECEIVES PREVENAR
Do not use Prevenar:
-
if your child is allergic (hypersensitive) to the active substances, to any other ingredients or to
diphtheria toxoid.
-
if your child has a severe infection with a high temperature (over 38°C). If this applies to your child,
then the vaccination will be postponed until your child is feeling better. A minor infection, such as a
cold, should not be a problem. However, talk to your doctor, pharmacist, or nurse first.
Take special care with Prevenar:
-
if your child has any present or past medical problems after any dose of Prevenar.
-
if your child has any bleeding problems.
Prevenar will only protect against ear infections caused by the types of Streptococcus pneumoniae for
which the vaccine has been developed. It will not protect against other infectious agents that can cause
ear infections.
Using other medicines/vaccines:
Please tell your doctor, nurse or pharmacist if your child is taking or has recently taken any other
medicines including medicines obtained without prescription or has recently received any other vaccine
Important information about some of the ingredients of Prevenar:
55
 
This medicinal product contains less than 1 mmol sodium (23mg) per dose, i.e. essentially sodium-free.
3.
HOW PREVENAR IS GIVEN
The doctor or nurse will inject the recommended dose (0.5 ml) of the vaccine into your
child's arm or leg muscle .
Prevenar can be given at the same time as other childhood vaccines; in this case different injection sites
should be used.
Infants aged 6 weeks to 6 months of age
Typically, your child should receive receive an initial course of three injections followed by a booster dose
The first injection may be given from 2 months of age.
Each injection will be given at least 1 month apart
A fourth injection (booster) will be given between 11 and 15 months of age.
You will be told when your child should come back for the next injection.
According to official recommendations in your country, an alternative schedule may be used by your
health-care provider. Please speak to your doctor, pharmacist, or nurse for more information
Unvaccinated infants and children over 7 months of age
Infants aged 7 to 11 months should receive two injections. Each injection will be given at least 1 month
apart. A third injection will be given in the second year of life.
Children aged 12 to 23 months should receive two injections. Each injection will be given at least 2
month apart.
Children aged 2 to 5 years should receive one injection.
It is important to follow the instructions from the doctor, pharmacist, or nurse so that your child completes
the course of injections.
If you forget to go back to the doctor or nurse at the scheduled time, ask the doctor or nurse for advice.
4.
POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS
Like all vaccines, Prevenar can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them. The following side
effects may happen with this vaccine.
The most common side effects (these may occur with more than 1 in 10 doses of the vaccine) are:
:
Vomiting, diarrhoea, decreased appetite.
Pain, tenderness, redness, swelling, or hardness at the injection site; fever of 38 °C or higher,
irritability, crying, drowsiness, restless sleep
Common side effects (these may occur with up to 1 in 10 doses of the vaccine) are:
Redness, swelling, or hardness at the injection site greater than 2.4 cm; tenderness at the injection site
interfering with movement
Fever of 39°C or higher
Uncommon side effects (these may occur with up to 1 in 100 doses of the vaccine) are:
Rash/hives (urticaria)
Rare side effects (these may occur with up to 1 in 1,000 doses of the vaccine) are:
Seizures (or fits), including those caused by a high temperature
56
Hypotonic-hyporesponsive episode (collapse or shock-like state)
Hypersensitivity reaction, including swelling of the face and/or lips, difficulty in breathing, rash,
urticaria or urticaria-like rash (hives)
Flushing
Very rare side effects (these may occur with up to 1 in 10,000 doses of the vaccine) are:
Enlarged lymph nodes or glands (lymphadenopathy) near the injection site, such as under the arm or
in the groin
Erythema multiforme (a rash causing itchy red blotches)
In babies born very prematurely (at or before 28 weeks of gestation) longer gaps than normal between
breaths may occur for 2-3 days after vaccination.
Please speak with your doctor, pharmacist, or nurse should you have any questions or concerns. If any of
the side effects gets serious or if you notice any side effects not listed in this leaflet, please tell your doctor
or pharmacist.
5.
HOW TO STORE PREVENAR
Keep out of the reach and sight of children
Store in a refrigerator (2°C – 8°C). Do not freeze.
Do not use Prevenar after the expiry date stated on the carton and label. The expiry date refers to the last
day of that month.
Medicines should not be disposed of via wastewater or household waste. Ask your pharmacist how to
dispose of medicines no longer required. These measures will help to protect the environment.
6.
FURTHER INFORMATION
What Prevenar contains
The active substances
Each 0.5 ml dose contains:
Pneumococcal polysaccharide serotype 4*
2 micrograms
Pneumococcal polysaccharide serotype 6B*
4 micrograms
Pneumococcal polysaccharide serotype 9V*
2 micrograms
Pneumococcal polysaccharide serotype 14*
2 micrograms
Pneumococcal polysaccharide serotype 18C*
2 micrograms
Pneumococcal polysaccharide serotype 19F*
2 micrograms
Pneumococcal polysaccharide serotype 23F*
2 micrograms
* Conjugated to the CRM 197 carrier protein and adsorbed on aluminium phosphate (0.5 mg)
The other ingredients are sodium chloride and water for injections.
What Prevenar looks like and contents of the pack
The vaccine is a suspension for injection and provided in a single-dose pre-filled syringe (0.5 ml). Pack
sizes of 1 and 10 with or without needle.
57
Multipack presentation of 5 packs of 10 pre-filled syringes without needles.
Marketing Authorisation Holder and Manufacturer
Marketing Authorisation Holder:
Wyeth Lederle Vaccines S.A.
Pleinlaan 17 Boulevard de la Plaine
1050 Brussel - Bruxelles
Belgium
Manufacturing Authorisation Holder responsible for batch release:
John Wyeth & Brother Ltd.
Huntercombe Lane South
Taplow, Maidenhead
Berkshire, SL6 0PH-UK
United Kingdom
For any information about this medicinal product, please contact the local representative of the Marketing
Authorisation Holder:
België/Belgique/Belgien
Pfizer S.A. / N.V.
Tél/Tel: +32 (0)2 554 62 11
Latvija
Wyeth Whitehall Export GmbH
Tãlr.: + 43 1 89 1140
България
Wyeth Whitehall Export GmbH
Teл: + 43 1 89 1140
Lietuva
Wyeth Whitehall Export GmbHTel: + 43 1 89
1140
Česká Republika
Pfizer s.r.o.
Tel: +420-283-004-111
Malta
Vivian Corporation Ltd.
Tel: + 35621 344610
Danmark
Pfizer ApS
Tlf: +45 44 201 100
Nederland
Wyeth Pharmaceuticals B.V.
Tel: + 31 23 5672567
Deutschland
Pfizer Pharma GmbH
Tel: +49 (0)30 550055-51000
Norge
Pfizer AS
Tlf: +47 67 526 100
Eesti
Wyeth Whitehall Export GmbH
Tel: + 43 1 89 1140
Österreich
Pfizer Corporation Austria Ges.m.b.H.
Tel: +43 (0)1 521 15-0
Ελλάδα
Pfizer Hellas A.E.
Τηλ.: +30 210 6785 800
Polska
Pfizer Polska Sp. z o.o.
Tel.: +48 22 335 61 00
España
Pfizer, S.A.
Télf:+34914909900
Portugal
Laboratórios Pfizer, Lda.
Tel: (+351) 21 423 55 00
58
France
Pfizer
Tél +33 1 58 07 30 00
România
Pfizer Romania S.R.L
Tel: +40 (0) 21 207 28 00
Ireland
Wyeth Vaccines
Tel: + 353 1 449 3500
Slovenská Republika
Pfizer Luxembourg SARL, organiza č
zložka
Tel: + 421 2 3355 5500
Ísland
Icepharma hf,
Tel: + 354 540 8000
Slovenija
Wyeth Whitehall Export GmbH
Tel: + 43 1 89 1140
Italia
Wyeth Lederle S.p.A.
Tel: + 39 06 927151
Suomi/Finland
Pfizer Oy
Puh/Tel: +358 (0)9 430 040
Kύπρος
Wyeth Hellas (Cyprus Branch) AEBE
Tηλ: +357 22 817690
Sverige
Pfizer AB
Tel: +46 (0)8 550 520 00
Luxembourg/Luxemburg
Pfizer S.A. / N.V.
Tél/Tel: +32 (0)2 554 62 11
United Kingdom
Wyeth Vaccines
Tel: + 44 845 367 0098
Magyarország
Pfizer Kft.
Tel: +36 1 488 3700
This leaflet was last approved in
Detailed information on this medicine is available on the European Medicines Agency website:
http://www.ema.europa.eu
The following information is intended for medical or healthcare professionals only:
The vaccine should be well shaken to obtain a homogeneous white suspension and be inspected visually
for any particulate matter and/or variation of physical aspect prior to administration. Do not use if the
content appears otherwise.
Prevenar is for intramuscular use only. Do not administer intravenously.
This vaccine should not be given to infants or children with thrombocytopenia or any coagulation disorder
that would contraindicate intramuscular injection unless the potential benefit clearly outweighs the risk of
administration.
Infants aged 2 - 6 months: the primary infant series consists of three doses, each of 0.5 ml, the first dose
usually given at 2 months of age and with an interval of at least 1 month between doses.
A fourth dose is recommended in the second year of life.
59
Alternatively, when Prevenar is given as part of a routine infant immunisation programme, a two-dose
schedule may be considered. The first dose may be given from the age of 2 months with a second dose at
least 2 months later and a third (booster) dose at 11-15 months of age.
Infants aged 7 - 11 months: two doses, each of 0.5 ml, with an interval of at least 1 month between doses.
A third dose is recommended in the second year of life.
Children aged 12 - 23 months: two doses, each of 0.5 ml, with an interval of at least 2 months between
doses.
Children aged 24 months - 5 years: one single dose.
The need for a booster dose after these immunisation schedules has not been established.
As with other vaccines, the administration of Prevenar should be postponed in subjects suffering from
acute moderate or severe febrile illness.
As with all injectable vaccines, appropriate medical treatment and supervision should always be readily
available in case of a rare anaphylactic event following the administration of the vaccine.
Prevenar will not protect against other Streptococcus pneumoniae serotypes than those included in the
vaccine or other micro-organisms that cause invasive disease or otitis media.
Although some antibody response to diphtheria toxoid may occur, immunisation with this vaccine does
not substitute for routine diphtheria immunisation.
For children from 2 years through 5 years of age, a single dose immunisation schedule was used. A higher
rate of local reactions has been observed in children older than 24 months of age compared with infants.
Different injectable vaccines should always be given at different injection sites.
Limited data have demonstrated that Prevenar induces an acceptable immune response in infants with
sickle cell disease with a safety profile similar to that observed in non-high-risk groups. Safety and
immunogenicity data are not yet available for children in other specific high-risk groups for invasive
pneumococcal disease (e.g. children with another congenital or acquired splenic dysfunction, HIV-
infected, malignancy, nephrotic syndrome). Vaccination in high-risk groups should be considered on an
individual basis.
Children below 2 years old (including those at high-risk) should receive the appropriate-for-age Prevenar
vaccination series. The use of pneumococcal conjugate vaccine does not replace the use of 23-valent
pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccines in children ≥ 24 months of age with conditions (such as sickle cell
disease, asplenia, HIV infection, chronic illness or who are immunocompromised) placing them at higher
risk for invasive disease due to Streptococcus pneumoniae . Whenever recommended, children at risk who
are ≥ 24 months of age and already primed with Prevenar should receive 23-valent pneumococcal
polysaccharide vaccine. The interval between the pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (Prevenar) and the 23-
valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine should not be less than 8 weeks. There are no data available
to indicate whether the administration of 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine to unprimed
children or to children primed with Prevenar might result in hyporesponsiveness to further doses of
Prevenar.
Prophylactic antipyretic medication is recommended:
- for all children receiving Prevenar simultaneously with vaccines containing whole cell pertussis because
of higher rate of febrile reactions
- for children with seizure disorders or with a prior history of febrile seizures.
Antipyretic treatment should be initiated whenever warranted or when the temperature rises above 39°C.
60
Children with impaired immune responsiveness, whether due to the use of immunosuppressive therapy, a
genetic defect, HIV infection, or other causes, may have reduced antibody response to active
immunisation.
As with any vaccine, Prevenar may not protect all individuals receiving the vaccine from pneumococcal
disease. Additionally, for vaccine serotypes, protection against otitis media is expected to be substantially
lower than protection against invasive disease. As otitis media is caused by many organisms other than
pneumococcal serotypes represented in the vaccine, protection against all otitis media is expected to be
low.
61


Source: European Medicines Agency



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