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LIPPSTADT, a town in the Prussian province of Westphalia, on the river Lippe, 20 M. by rail W. by S. of Paderborn, on the main line to Dusseldorf. Pop. (1905) 1 5,436. The Marien Kirche is a large edifice in the Transitional style, dating from the 13th century. It has several schools, among them being one which was originally founded as a nunnery in 1185. The manufactures include cigar-making, distilling, carriage-building and metalworking.
Lippstadt was founded in 1168 by the lords of Lippe, the rights over one half of the town passing subsequently by purchase to the counts of the Mark, which in 1614 was incorporated with Brandenburg. In 1850 the prince of Lippe-Detmold sold his share to Prussia when this joint lordship ceased. In 1620 Lippstadt was occupied by the Spaniards and in 1757 by the French.
See Chalybaus, Lippstadt, ein Beitrag zur deutschen Stddtegeschichte (Lippstadt, 1876).
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