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Antigua and Barbuda


    • Location:
      Caribbean, islands between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, east-southeast of Puerto Rico

    • Map references:
      Central America and the Caribbean

    • Area:

        total area:
        440 sq km

        land area:
        440 sq km

        comparative area:
        slightly less than 2.5 times the size of Washington, DC

        note:
        includes Redonda

    • Land boundaries:
      0 km

    • Coastline:
      153 km

    • Maritime claims:

        contiguous zone:
        24 nm

        continental shelf:
        200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin

        exclusive economic zone:
        200 nm

        territorial sea:
        12 nm

    • International disputes:
      none

    • Climate:
      tropical marine; little seasonal temperature variation

    • Terrain:
      mostly low-lying limestone and coral islands with some higher volcanic areas

    • Natural resources:
      negligible; pleasant climate fosters tourism

    • Land use:

        arable land:
        18%

        permanent crops:
        0%

        meadows and pastures:
        7%

        forest and woodland:
        16%

        other:
        59%

    • Irrigated land:
      NA sq km

    • Environment:

        current issues:
        water management - a major concern because of limited natural fresh water resources - is further hampered by the clearing of trees to increase crop production, causing rainfall to run off quickly

        natural hazards:
        hurricanes and tropical storms (July to October); periodic droughts

        international agreements:
        party to - Biodiversity, Climate Change, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Whaling






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