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    • Location:
      Southwestern Asia, east of Turkey

    • Map references:
      Commonwealth of Independent States - European States

    • Area:

        total area:
        29,800 sq km

        land area:
        28,400 sq km

        comparative area:
        slightly larger than Maryland

    • Land boundaries:
      total 1,254 km, Azerbaijan (east) 566 km, Azerbaijan (south) 221 km, Georgia 164 km, Iran 35 km, Turkey 268 km

    • Coastline:
      0 km (landlocked)

    • Maritime claims:
      none; landlocked

    • International disputes:
      supports ethnic Armenians in Nagorno-Karabakh in their separatist conflict against the Azerbaijani government; traditional demands on former Armenian lands in Turkey have subsided

    • Climate:
      highland continental, hot summers, cold winters

    • Terrain:
      high Armenian Plateau with mountains; little forest land; fast flowing rivers; good soil in Aras River valley

    • Natural resources:
      small deposits of gold, copper, molybdenum, zinc, alumina

    • Land use:

        arable land:

        permanent crops:

        meadows and pastures:

        forest and woodland:


    • Irrigated land:
      3,050 sq km (1990)

    • Environment:

        current issues:
        soil pollution from toxic chemicals such as DDT; energy blockade, the result of conflict with Azerbaijan, has led to deforestation as citizens scavenge for firewood; pollution of Hrazdan (Razdan) and Aras Rivers; the draining of Sevana Lich, a result of its use as a source for hydropower, threatens drinking water supplies

        natural hazards:
        occasionally severe earthquakes; droughts

        international agreements:
        party to - Biodiversity, Climate Change, Nuclear Test Ban, Wetlands; signed, but not ratified - Desertification

    • Note:

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Revised 13-August-1997

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