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Croatia


    • Names:

        conventional long form:
        Republic of Croatia

        conventional short form:
        Croatia

        local long form:
        Republika Hrvatska

        local short form:
        Hrvatska

    • Digraph:
      HR

    • Type:
      parliamentary democracy

    • Capital:
      Zagreb

    • Administrative divisions:
      21 counties (zupanijas, zupanija - singular): Bjelovar-Bilogora, City of Zagreb, Dubrovnik-Neretva, Istra, Karlovac, Koprivnica-Krizevci, Krapina-Zagorje, Lika-Senj, Medimurje, Osijek-Baranja, Pozega-Slavonija, Primorje-Gorski Kotar, Sibenik, Sisak-Moslavina, Slavonski Brod-Posavina, Split-Dalmatia, Varazdin, Virovitica-Podravina, Vukovar-Srijem, Zadar-Knin, Zagreb

    • Independence:
      25 June 1991 (from Yugoslavia)

    • National holiday:
      Statehood Day, 30 May (1990)

    • Constitution:
      adopted on 22 December 1990

    • Legal system:
      based on civil law system

    • Suffrage:
      18 years of age; universal (16 years of age, if employed)

    • Executive branch:

        chief of state:
        President Franjo TUDJMAN (since 30 May 1990); election last held 4 August 1992 (next to be held NA 1997); results - Franjo TUDJMAN reelected with about 56% of the vote; his opponent Dobroslav PARAGA got 5% of the vote

        head of government:
        Prime Minister Nikica VALENTIC (since 3 April 1993); Deputy Prime Ministers Mato GRANIC (since 8 September 1992); Ivica KOSTOVIC (since 14 October 1993); Jure RADIC (since NA); Borislav SKEGRO (since 3 April 1993)

        cabinet:
        Council of Ministers; appointed by the president

    • Legislative branch:
      bicameral parliament Assembly (Sabor)

        House of Districts (Zupanije Dom):
        elections last held 7 and 21 February 1993 (next to be held NA February 1997); results - percent of vote by party NA; seats - (68 total; 63 elected, 5 presidentially appointed) HDZ 37, HSLS 16, HSS 5, Istrian Democratic Assembly 3, SPH-SDP 1, HNS 1

        House of Representatives (Predstavnicke Dom):
        elections last held 2 August 1992 (next to be held NA August 1996); results - percent of vote by party NA; seats - (138 total) HDZ 85, HSLS 14, SPH-SDP 11, HNS 6, Dalmatian Action/Istrian Democratic Assembly/ Rijeka Democratic Alliance coalition 6, HSP 5, HSS 3, SNS 3, independents 5

    • Judicial branch:
      Supreme Court, Constitutional Court

    • Political parties and leaders:
      Croatian Democratic Union (HDZ), Zlatko CANJUGA, secretary general; Croatian Democratic Independents (HND), Stjepan MESIC, president; Croatian Social Liberal Party (HSLS), Drazen BUDISA, president; Croatian Democratic Peasant Party (HDSS), Ante BABIC; Croatian Party of Rights (HSP), Ante DAPIC; Croatian Peasants' Party (HSS), Josip PANKRETIC; Croatian People's Party (HNS), Radimir CACIC, president; Dalmatian Action (DA), Mira LJUBIC-LORGER; Serb National Party (SNS), Milan DJUKIC; Social Democratic Action (SDP), Miko TRIPALO; other small parties include the Istrian Democratic Assembly and the Rijeka Democratic Alliance

    • Other political or pressure groups:
      NA

    • Member of:
      CCC, CE (guest), CEI, EBRD, ECE, FAO, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, ILO, IMF, IMO, INMARSAT, INTELSAT, INTERPOL, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, NAM (observer), OSCE, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO

    • Diplomatic representation in US:

        chief of mission:
        Ambassador Petar A. SARCEVIC

        chancery:
        2343 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008

        telephone:
        [1] (202) 588-5899

        FAX:
        [1] (202) 588-8936

        consulate(s) general:
        New York

    • US diplomatic representation:

        chief of mission:
        Ambassador Peter W. GALBRAITH

        embassy:
        Andrije Hebranga 2, Zagreb

        mailing address:
        US Embassy, Zagreb, Unit 1345, APO AE 09213-1345

        telephone:
        [385] (41) 456-000

        FAX:
        [385] (41) 440-235

    • Flag:
      red, white, and blue horizontal bands with Croatian coat of arms (red and white checkered)






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