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Haiti


    • Location:
      Caribbean, western one-third of the island of Hispaniola, between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, west of the Dominican Republic

    • Map references:
      Central America and the Caribbean

    • Area:

        total area:
        27,750 sq km

        land area:
        27,560 sq km

        comparative area:
        slightly larger than Maryland

    • Land boundaries:
      total 275 km, Dominican Republic 275 km

    • Coastline:
      1,771 km

    • Maritime claims:

        contiguous zone:
        24 nm

        continental shelf:
        to depth of exploitation

        exclusive economic zone:
        200 nm

        territorial sea:
        12 nm

    • International disputes:
      claims US-administered Navassa Island

    • Climate:
      tropical; semiarid where mountains in east cut off trade winds

    • Terrain:
      mostly rough and mountainous

    • Natural resources:
      bauxite

    • Land use:

        arable land:
        20%

        permanent crops:
        13%

        meadows and pastures:
        18%

        forest and woodland:
        4%

        other:
        45%

    • Irrigated land:
      750 sq km (1989 est.)

    • Environment:

        current issues:
        extensive deforestation (much of the remaining forested land is being cleared for agriculture and use as fuel); soil erosion; inadequate supplies of potable water

        natural hazards:
        lies in the middle of the hurricane belt and subject to severe storms from June to October; occasional flooding and earthquakes; periodic droughts

        international agreements:
        party to - Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation; signed, but not ratified - Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban

    • Note:
      shares island of Hispaniola with Dominican Republic (western one-third is Haiti, eastern two-thirds is the Dominican Republic)






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