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Indonesia


    • Names:

        conventional long form:
        Republic of Indonesia

        conventional short form:
        Indonesia

        local long form:
        Republik Indonesia

        local short form:
        Indonesia

        former:
        Netherlands East Indies; Dutch East Indies

    • Digraph:
      ID

    • Type:
      republic

    • Capital:
      Jakarta

    • Administrative divisions:
      24 provinces (propinsi-propinsi, singular - propinsi), 2 special regions* (daerah-daerah istimewa, singular - daerah istimewa), and 1 special capital city district** (daerah khusus ibukota); Aceh*, Bali, Bengkulu, Irian Jaya, Jakarta Raya**, Jambi, Jawa Barat, Jawa Tengah, Jawa Timur, Kalimantan Barat, Kalimantan Selatan, Kalimantan Tengah, Kalimantan Timur, Lampung, Maluku, Nusa Tenggara Barat, Nusa Tenggara Timur, Riau, Sulawesi Selatan, Sulawesi Tengah, Sulawesi Tenggara, Sulawesi Utara, Sumatera Barat, Sumatera Selatan, Sumatera Utara, Timor Timur, Yogyakarta*

    • Independence:
      17 August 1945 (proclaimed independence; on 27 December 1949, Indonesia became legally independent from the Netherlands)

    • National holiday:
      Independence Day, 17 August (1945)

    • Constitution:
      August 1945, abrogated by Federal Constitution of 1949 and Provisional Constitution of 1950, restored 5 July 1959

    • Legal system:
      based on Roman-Dutch law, substantially modified by indigenous concepts and by new criminal procedures code; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

    • Suffrage:
      17 years of age; universal and married persons regardless of age

    • Executive branch:

        chief of state and head of government:
        President Gen. (Ret.) SOEHARTO (since 27 March 1968); Vice President Gen. (Ret.) Try SUTRISNO (since 11 March 1993)

        cabinet:
        Cabinet

    • Legislative branch:
      unicameral

        House of Representatives (Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat or DPR):
        elections last held on 8 June 1992 (next to be held NA 1997); results - GOLKAR 68%, PPP 17%, PDI 15%; seats - (500 total, 400 elected, 100 military representatives appointed) GOLKAR 282, PPP 62, PDI 56

        note:
        the People's Consultative Assembly (Majelis Permusyawaratan Rakyat or MPR) includes the DPR plus 500 indirectly elected members who meet every five years to elect the president and vice president and, theoretically, to determine national policy

    • Judicial branch:
      Supreme Court (Mahkamah Agung)

    • Political parties and leaders:
      GOLKAR (quasi-official party based on functional groups), Lt. Gen. (Ret.) HARMOKO, general chairman; Indonesia Democracy Party (PDI - federation of former Nationalist and Christian Parties), Megawati SUKARNOPUTRI, chairman; Development Unity Party (PPP, federation of former Islamic parties), Ismail Hasan METAREUM, chairman

    • Member of:
      APEC, AsDB, ASEAN, CCC, CP, ESCAP, FAO, G-15, G-19, G-77, GATT, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, INMARSAT, INTELSAT, INTERPOL, IOC, IOM (observer), ISO, ITU, NAM, OIC, OPEC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNIKOM, UNMIH, UNPROFOR, UPU, WCL, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO

    • Diplomatic representation in US:

        chief of mission:
        Ambassador Arifin Mohamad SIREGAR

        chancery:
        2020 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20036

        telephone:
        [1] (202) 775-5200

        FAX:
        [1] (202) 775-5365

        consulate(s) general:
        Chicago, Houston, Los Angeles, New York, San Francisco

    • US diplomatic representation:

        chief of mission:
        Ambassador Robert L. BARRY

        embassy:
        Medan Merdeka Selatan 5, Box 1, Jakarta

        mailing address:
        APO AP 96520

        telephone:
        [62] (21) 360360

        FAX:
        [62] (21) 3862259

        consulate(s) general:
        Medan, Surabaya

    • Flag:
      two equal horizontal bands of red (top) and white; similar to the flag of Monaco, which is shorter; also similar to the flag of Poland, which is white (top) and red






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