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Kazakhstan


    • Names:

        conventional long form:
        Republic of Kazakhstan

        conventional short form:
        Kazakhstan

        local long form:
        Qazaqstan Respublikasy

        local short form:
        none

        former:
        Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic

    • Digraph:
      KZ

    • Type:
      republic

    • Capital:
      Almaty

    • Administrative divisions:
      19 oblystar (singular - oblys) and 1 city (qalalar, singular - qala)*; Almaty Qalasy*, Almaty Oblysy, Aqmola Oblysy, Aqtobe Oblysy, Atyrau Oblysy, Batys Qazaqstan Oblysy (Oral), Kokshetau Oblysy, Mangghystau Oblysy (Aqtau), Ongtustik Qazaqstan Oblysy (Shymkent), Qaraghandy Oblysy, Qostanay Oblysy, Qyzylorda Oblysy, Pavlodar Oblysy, Semey Oblysy, Shyghys Qazaqstan Oblysy (Oskemen; formerly Ust'-Kamenogorsk), Soltustik Qazaqstan Oblysy (Petropavl), Taldyqorghan Oblysy, Torghay Oblysy, Zhambyl Oblysy, Zhezqazghan Oblysy

        note:
        names in parentheses are administrative centers when name differs from oblys name

    • Independence:
      16 December 1991 (from the Soviet Union)

    • National holiday:
      Independence Day, 16 December (1991)

    • Constitution:
      adopted 28 January 1993

    • Legal system:
      based on civil law system

    • Suffrage:
      18 years of age; universal

    • Executive branch:

        chief of state:
        President Nursultan NAZARBAYEV (since NA April 1990); Vice President Yerik ASANBAYEV (since 1 December 1991); election last held 1 December 1991 (next to be held NA 1996); results - Nursultan A. NAZARBAYEV ran unopposed; note - NAZARBAYEV has extended his term to the year 2000 by a nationwide referendum held 30 April 1995

        head of government:
        Prime Minister Akezhan KAZHEGELDIN (since 12 October 1994); First Deputy Prime Ministers Nigmatzhan ISINGARIN (since 12 October 1994) and Vitalia METTE (since March 1995)

        cabinet:
        Council of Ministers; appointed by the prime minister

    • Legislative branch:
      unicameral

        Supreme Council:
        elections last held 7 March 1994 (next to be held NA 1999); results - percent of vote by party NA; seats - (177 total) Union Peoples' Unity of Kazakhstan 33, Confederation of Trade Unions of the Republic of Kazakhstan 11, Peoples' Congress of Kazakhstan Party 9, Socialist Party of Kazakhstan 8, Peasant Union of the Republic Kazakhstan 4, Social Movement LAD 4, Organization of Veterans 1, Union of Youth of Kazakhstan 1, Democratic Committee for Human Rights 1, Association of Lawyers of Kazakhstan 1, International Public Committee "Aral-Asia-Kazakhstan" 1, Congress of Entrepreneurs of Kazakhstan 1, Deputies of the 12th Supreme Soviet 40, independents 62

        note:
        the Supreme Council disbanded 12 March 1995 following a Constitutional Court ruling that the March 1994 elections were invalid

    • Judicial branch:
      Supreme Court

    • Political parties and leaders:
      People's Unity Party (PUP; was Union of People's Unity), Kuanysh SULTANOV, chairman; People's Congress of Kazakhstan (PCK), Olzhas SULEYMENOV, chairman; Socialist Party of Kazakhstan (SPK; former Communist Party), Yermukhamet YERTYSHBAYEV, co-chairman; Republican Party (Azat), Kamal ORMANTAYEV, chairman; Democratic Progress (Russian) Party, Alexandra DOKUCHAYEVA, chairman; Confederation of Trade Unions of the Republic of Kazakhstan; Peasant Union of the Republic Kazakhstan (KPU); Social Movement LAD, V. MIKHAYLOV, chairman; Union of Youth of Kazakhstan; Democratic Committee for Human Rights; Association of Lawyers of Kazakhstan; International Public Committee "Aral-Asia-Kazakhstan"; Congress of Entrepreneurs of Kazakhstan; Deputies of the 12th Supreme Soviet; People's Cooperative Party, Umirzak SARSENOV, chairman; Organization of Veterans

    • Other political or pressure groups:
      Independent Trade Union Center (Birlesu; an association of independent trade union and business associations), Leonid SOLOMIN, president

    • Member of:
      AsDB, CCC, CIS, EBRD, ECO, ESCAP, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, IDA, IFC, ILO, IMF, IMO, INTELSAT (nonsignatory user), INTERPOL, IOC, ITU, NACC, OIC (observer), OSCE, PFP, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO

    • Diplomatic representation in US:

        chief of mission:
        Ambassador Tuleutai S. SULEYMENOV

        chancery:
        (temporary) 3421 Massachusetts Avenue, NW, Washington, DC 20008

        telephone:
        [1] (202) 333-4504 through 4507

        FAX:
        [1] (202) 333-4509

    • US diplomatic representation:

        chief of mission:
        Ambassador William H. COURTNEY

        embassy:
        99/97 Furmanova Street, Almaty, Republic of Kazakhstan 480012

        mailing address:
        use embassy street address

        telephone:
        [7] (3272) 63-24-26

        FAX:
        [7] (3272) 63-38-83

    • Flag:
      sky blue background representing the endless sky and a gold sun with 32 rays soaring above a golden steppe eagle in the center; on the hoist side is a "national ornamentation" in yellow






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