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Kuwait


    • Names:

        conventional long form:
        State of Kuwait

        conventional short form:
        Kuwait

        local long form:
        Dawlat al Kuwayt

        local short form:
        Al Kuwayt

    • Digraph:
      KU

    • Type:
      nominal constitutional monarchy

    • Capital:
      Kuwait

    • Administrative divisions:
      5 governorates (muhafazat, singular - muhafazah); Al 'Ahmadi, Al Jahrah, Al Kuwayt, Hawalli, Al Farwaniyah

    • Independence:
      19 June 1961 (from UK)

    • National holiday:
      National Day, 25 February (1948)

    • Constitution:
      approved and promulgated 11 November 1962

    • Legal system:
      civil law system with Islamic law significant in personal matters; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

    • Suffrage:
      adult males who resided in Kuwait before 1920 and their male descendants at age 21

        note:
        only 10% of all citizens are eligible to vote; in 1996, naturalized citizens who do not meet the pre-1920 qualification but have been naturalized for thirty years will be eligible to vote

    • Executive branch:

        chief of state:
        Amir Shaykh JABIR al-Ahmad al-Jabir Al Sabah (since 31 December 1977)

        head of government:
        Prime Minister and Crown Prince SAAD al-Abdallah al-Salim Al Sabah (since 8 February 1978); Deputy Prime Minister SABAH al-Ahmad al-Jabir Al Sabah (since 17 October 1992)

        cabinet:
        Council of Ministers; appointed by the Prime Minister and approved by the Amir

    • Legislative branch:
      unicameral

        National Assembly (Majlis al-umma):
        dissolved 3 July 1986; new elections were held on 5 October 1992 with a second election in the 14th and 16th constituencies held February 1993

    • Judicial branch:
      High Court of Appeal

    • Political parties and leaders:
      none

    • Other political or pressure groups:
      small, clandestine leftist and Shi'a fundamentalist groups are active; several groups critical of government policies are publicly active

    • Member of:
      ABEDA, AfDB, AFESD, AL, AMF, BDEAC, CAEU, CCC, ESCWA, FAO, G-77, GATT, GCC, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, INMARSAT, INTELSAT, INTERPOL, IOC, ISO (correspondent), ITU, NAM, OAPEC, OIC, OPEC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WMO, WTO

    • Diplomatic representation in US:

        chief of mission:
        Ambassador MUHAMMAD al-Sabah al-Salim Al SABAH

        chancery:
        2940 Tilden Street NW, Washington, DC 20008

        telephone:
        [1] (202) 966-0702

        FAX:
        [1] (202) 966-0517

    • US diplomatic representation:

        chief of mission:
        Ambassador Ryan C. CROCKER

        embassy:
        Bneid al-Gar (opposite the Kuwait International Hotel), Kuwait City

        mailing address:
        P.O. Box 77 SAFAT, 13001 SAFAT, Kuwait; Unit 69000, Kuwait; APO AE 09880-9000

        telephone:
        [965] 2424151 through 2424159

        FAX:
        [965] 2442855

    • Flag:
      three equal horizontal bands of green (top), white, and red with a black trapezoid based on the hoist side






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