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Lithuania


    • Location:
      Eastern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea, between Latvia and Russia

    • Map references:
      Europe

    • Area:

        total area:
        65,200 sq km

        land area:
        65,200 sq km

        comparative area:
        slightly larger than West Virginia

    • Land boundaries:
      total 1,273 km, Belarus 502 km, Latvia 453 km, Poland 91 km, Russia (Kaliningrad) 227 km

    • Coastline:
      108 km

    • Maritime claims:

        territorial sea:
        12 nm

    • International disputes:
      dispute with Russia (Kaliningrad Oblast) over the position of the Nemunas (Nemen) River border presently located on the Lithuanian bank and not in midriver as by international standards

    • Climate:
      maritime; wet, moderate winters and summers

    • Terrain:
      lowland, many scattered small lakes, fertile soil

    • Natural resources:
      peat

    • Land use:

        arable land:
        49.1%

        permanent crops:
        0%

        meadows and pastures:
        22.2%

        forest and woodland:
        16.3%

        other:
        12.4%

    • Irrigated land:
      430 sq km (1990)

    • Environment:

        current issues:
        contamination of soil and groundwater with petroleum products and chemicals at military bases

        natural hazards:
        NA

        international agreements:
        party to - Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands; signed, but not ratified - Biodiversity, Climate Change






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