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Maldives


    • Names:

        conventional long form:
        Republic of Maldives

        conventional short form:
        Maldives

    • Digraph:
      MV

    • Type:
      republic

    • Capital:
      Male

    • Administrative divisions:
      19 districts (atolls); Aliff, Baa, Daalu, Faafu, Gaafu Aliff, Gaafu Daalu, Haa Aliff, Haa Daalu, Kaafu, Laamu, Laviyani, Meemu, Naviyani, Noonu, Raa, Seenu, Shaviyani, Thaa, Waavu

    • Independence:
      26 July 1965 (from UK)

    • National holiday:
      Independence Day, 26 July (1965)

    • Constitution:
      4 June 1968

    • Legal system:
      based on Islamic law with admixtures of English common law primarily in commercial matters; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

    • Suffrage:
      21 years of age; universal

    • Executive branch:

        chief of state and head of government:
        President Maumoon Abdul GAYOOM (since 11 November 1978); election last held 1 October 1993 (next to be held 1998); results - President Maumoon Abdul GAYOOM was reelected with 92.76% of the vote

        cabinet:
        Ministry of Atolls; appointed by the president

    • Legislative branch:
      unicameral

        Citizens' Council (Majlis):
        elections last held 2 December 1994 (next to be held NA December 1999); results - percent of vote NA; seats - (48 total, 40 elected, 8 appointed by the president) independents 40

    • Judicial branch:
      High Court

    • Political parties and leaders:
      although political parties are not banned, none exist; country governed by the Didi clan for the past eight centuries

    • Member of:
      AsDB, C, CP, ESCAP, FAO, G-77, GATT, IBRD, ICAO, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IMF, IMO, INTELSAT (nonsignatory user), INTERPOL, IOC, ITU, NAM, OIC, SAARC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WHO, WMO, WTO

    • Diplomatic representation in US:
      Maldives has no embassy in the US, but does have a UN mission in New York; Permanent Representative to the UN Ahmed ZAKI

    • US diplomatic representation:

        chief of mission:
        the US Ambassador to Sri Lanka is accredited to Maldives and makes periodic visits there

        consular agency:
        Midhath Hilmy, Male

        telephone:
        322581

    • Flag:
      red with a large green rectangle in the center bearing a vertical white crescent; the closed side of the crescent is on the hoist side of the flag






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