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    • Location:
      Southern Africa, bordering the Mozambique Channel, between South Africa and Tanzania

    • Map references:

    • Area:

        total area:
        801,590 sq km

        land area:
        784,090 sq km

        comparative area:
        slightly less than twice the size of California

    • Land boundaries:
      total 4,571 km, Malawi 1,569 km, South Africa 491 km, Swaziland 105 km, Tanzania 756 km, Zambia 419 km, Zimbabwe 1,231 km

    • Coastline:
      2,470 km

    • Maritime claims:

        exclusive economic zone:
        200 nm

        territorial sea:
        12 nm

    • International disputes:

    • Climate:
      tropical to subtropical

    • Terrain:
      mostly coastal lowlands, uplands in center, high plateaus in northwest, mountains in west

    • Natural resources:
      coal, titanium

    • Land use:

        arable land:

        permanent crops:

        meadows and pastures:

        forest and woodland:


    • Irrigated land:
      1,150 sq km (1989 est.)

    • Environment:

        current issues:
        civil strife and recurrent drought in the hinterlands have resulted in increased migration to urban and coastal areas with adverse environmental consequences; desertification; pollution of surface and coastal waters

        natural hazards:
        severe droughts and floods occur in central and southern provinces; devastating cyclones

        international agreements:
        party to - Endangered Species, Ozone Layer Protection; signed, but not ratified - Biodiversity, Climate Change, Law of the Sea

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