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Philippines


    • Location:
      Southeastern Asia, archipelago between the Philippine Sea and the South China Sea, east of Vietnam

    • Map references:
      Southeast Asia

    • Area:

        total area:
        300,000 sq km

        land area:
        298,170 sq km

        comparative area:
        slightly larger than Arizona

    • Land boundaries:
      0 km

    • Coastline:
      36,289 km

    • Maritime claims:
      measured from claimed archipelagic baselines

        continental shelf:
        to depth of exploitation

        exclusive economic zone:
        200 nm

        territorial sea:
        irregular polygon extending up to 100 nm from coastline as defined by 1898 treaty; since late 1970s has also claimed polygonal-shaped area in South China Sea up to 285 nm in breadth

    • International disputes:
      involved in a complex dispute over the Spratly Islands with China, Malaysia, Taiwan, Vietnam, and possibly Brunei; claims Malaysian state of Sabah

    • Climate:
      tropical marine; northeast monsoon (November to April); southwest monsoon (May to October)

    • Terrain:
      mostly mountains with narrow to extensive coastal lowlands

    • Natural resources:
      timber, petroleum, nickel, cobalt, silver, gold, salt, copper

    • Land use:

        arable land:
        26%

        permanent crops:
        11%

        meadows and pastures:
        4%

        forest and woodland:
        40%

        other:
        19%

    • Irrigated land:
      16,200 sq km (1989 est.)

    • Environment:

        current issues:
        uncontrolled deforestation in watershed areas; soil erosion; air and water pollution in Manila; increasing pollution of coastal mangrove swamps which are important fish breeding grounds

        natural hazards:
        astride typhoon belt, usually affected by 15 and struck by five to six cyclonic storms per year; landslides, active volcanoes, destructive earthquakes, tsunamis

        international agreements:
        party to - Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Tropical Timber 83, Wetlands






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