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Eyjafjallajokull Glacier Volcano erupting on 27 March 2010
Eyjafjallajökull (also known as Eyjafjöll) is located west of Katla volcano.
Eyjafjallajökull consists of an E-W-trending, elongated ice-covered stratovolcano with a 2.5-km-wide summit caldera.
Fissure-fed lava flows occur on both the eastern and western flanks of the volcano, but are more prominent on the western side.
Although the 1666-m-high volcano has erupted during historical time, it has been less active than other volcanoes of Iceland's eastern volcanic zone, and relatively few Holocene lava flows are known.
An intrusion beneath the south flank from July-December 1999 was accompanied by increased seismic activity and was constrained by tilt measurements, GPS-geodesy and InSAR.
The last historical eruption of Eyjafjallajökull prior to an eruption in 2010 produced intermediate-to-silicic tephra from the central caldera during December 1821 to January 1823.
PHOTO SOURCE: Wikimedia Commons.
NOTE: The information regarding Iceland on this page is re-published from other sources. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Iceland information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Iceland photos should be addressed to the copyright owner noted below the photo.
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This page was last modified 23-FEB-10
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