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Slovakia


    • Names:

        conventional long form:
        Slovak Republic

        conventional short form:
        Slovakia

        local long form:
        Slovenska Republika

        local short form:
        Slovensko

    • Digraph:
      LO

    • Type:
      parliamentary democracy

    • Capital:
      Bratislava

    • Administrative divisions:
      4 departments (kraje, singular - kraj) Bratislava, Zapadoslovensky, Stredoslovensky, Vychodoslovensky

    • Independence:
      1 January 1993 (from Czechoslovakia)

    • National holiday:
      Anniversary of Slovak National Uprising, August 29 (1944)

    • Constitution:
      ratified 1 September 1992, fully effective 1 January 1993

    • Legal system:
      civil law system based on Austro-Hungarian codes; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction; legal code modified to comply with the obligations of Organization on Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) and to expunge Marxist-Leninist legal theory

    • Suffrage:
      18 years of age; universal

    • Executive branch:

        chief of state:
        President Michal KOVAC (since 8 February 1993); election last held 8 February 1993 (next to be held NA 1998); results - Michal KOVAC elected by the National Council

        head of government:
        Prime Minister Vladimir MECIAR (since 12 December 1994)

        cabinet:
        Cabinet; appointed by the president on recommendation of the prime minister

    • Legislative branch:
      unicameral

        National Council (Narodni Rada):
        elections last held 30 September-1 October 1994 (next to be held by October 1998); results - HZDS 35%, SDL 10.4%, Hungarian coalition (Hungarian Christian Democrats, Hungarian Civic Party, Coexistence) 10.2%, KDH 10.1%, DU 8.6%, ZRS 7.3%, SNS 5.4%; seats - (150 total) governing coalition 83 (HZDS 61, ZRS 13, SNS 9), opposition 67 (SDL 18, Hungarian coalition 17, KDH 17, DU 15)

    • Judicial branch:
      Supreme Court

    • Political parties and leaders:
      Movement for a Democratic Slovakia (HZDS), Vladimir MECIAR, chairman; Common Choice/Party of the Democratic Left (SDL), Peter WEISS, chairman; Hungarian Christian Democrats, Vojtech BUGAR; Hungarian Civic Party; Coexistence, Miklos DURAY, chairman; Christian Democratic Movement (KDH), Jan CARNOGURSKY; Democratic Union (DU), Jozef MORAVCIK, chairman; Association of Slovak Workers (ZRS), Jan LUPTAK, chairman; Slovak National Party (SNS), Jan SLOTA, chairman

    • Other political or pressure groups:
      Green Party; Social Democratic Party of Slovakia; Slovak Christian Union

    • Member of:
      Australia Group, BIS, CCC, CE (guest), CEI, CERN, EBRD, ECE, FAO, GATT, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, INMARSAT, INTELSAT (nonsignatory user), INTERPOL, IOC, IOM (observer), ISO, ITU, NACC, NSG, OSCE, PCA, PFP, UN, UNAVEM II, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNOMIL, UNOMUR, UNPROFOR, UPU, WEU (associate partner), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO, ZC

    • Diplomatic representation in US:

        chief of mission:
        Ambassador Branislav LICHARDUS

        chancery:
        (temporary) Suite 380, 2201 Wisconsin Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20007

        telephone:
        [1] (202) 965-5161

        FAX:
        [1] (202) 965-5166

    • US diplomatic representation:

        chief of mission:
        Ambassador Theodore E. RUSSELL

        embassy:
        Hviezdoslavovo Namestie 4, 81102 Bratislava

        mailing address:
        use embassy street address

        telephone:
        [42] (7) 330-861, 333-338

        FAX:
        [42] (7) 330-096

    • Flag:
      three equal horizontal bands of white (top), blue, and red superimposed with the Slovak cross in a shield centered on the hoist side; the cross is white centered on a background of red and blue






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