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Tajikistan


    • Names:

        conventional long form:
        Republic of Tajikistan

        conventional short form:
        Tajikistan

        local long form:
        Jumhurii Tojikistan

        local short form:
        none

        former:
        Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic

    • Digraph:
      TI

    • Type:
      republic

    • Capital:
      Dushanbe

    • Administrative divisions:
      2 oblasts (viloyatho, singular - viloyat) and one autonomous oblast* (viloyati avtonomii); Viloyati Avtonomii Badakhshoni Kuni* (Khorugh - formerly Khorog), Viloyati Khatlon (Qurghonteppa - formerly Kurgan-Tyube), Viloyati Leninobad (Khujand - formerly Leninabad)

        note:
        the administrative center names are in parentheses

    • Independence:
      9 September 1991 (from Soviet Union)

    • National holiday:
      National Day, 9 September (1991)

    • Constitution:
      new constitution adopted 6 November 1994

    • Legal system:
      based on civil law system; no judicial review of legislative acts

    • Suffrage:
      18 years of age; universal

    • Executive branch:

        chief of state:
        President Emomili RAKHMONOV (since 6 November 1994; was Head of State and Assembly Chairman since NA November 1992); election last held 6 November 1994 (next to be held NA 1998); results - Emomili RAKHMONOV 58%, Abdumalik ABDULLAJANOV 40%

        head of government:
        Prime Minister Jamshed KARIMOV (since 2 December 1994)

        cabinet:
        Council of Ministers

    • Legislative branch:
      unicameral

        Supreme Soviet:
        elections last held 26 February 1994 (next to be held NA); results - percent of vote by party NA; estimated seats - (181 total) Communist Party and affiliates 100, Popular Party 10, Party of Political and Economic Progress 1, Party of Popular Unity 6, other 64

    • Judicial branch:
      Prosecutor General

    • Political parties and leaders:
      Communist Party (People's Party of Tajikistan - PPT), Abdumalik ABDULAJANOV; Party of Economic Freedom (PEF), Abdumalik ABDULAJANOV; Tajik Socialist Party (TSP), Shodi SHABDOLOV; Tajik Democratic Party (TDP), Abdu-Nabi SATARZADE, chairman; note - suspended for six months; Islamic Renaissance Party (IRP), Sayed Abdullo NURI, chairman; Rebirth (Rastokhez), Takhir ABDUZHABOROV; Lali Badakhshan Society, Atobek AMIRBEK; People's Democratic Party (PDP), Abdujalil HAMIDOV, chairman; Tajikistan Party of Economic and Political Renewal (TPEPR), Mukhtor BOBOYEV

        note:
        all the above-listed parties except the Communist Party, the Party of National Unity, and the People's Party were banned in June 1993

    • Other political or pressure groups:
      Tajikistan Opposition Movement based in northern Afghanistan

    • Member of:
      CIS, EBRD, ECO, ESCAP, IBRD, ICAO, IDA, IDB, IFAD, ILO, IMF, INTELSAT (nonsignatory user), IOC, IOM (observer), ITU, NACC, OIC, OSCE, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WMO

    • Diplomatic representation in US:

        chief of mission:
        NA

        chancery:
        NA

        telephone:
        NA

    • US diplomatic representation:

        chief of mission:
        Ambassador Stanley T. ESCUDERO

        embassy:
        Interim Chancery, #39 Ainii Street, Oktyabrskaya Hotel, Dushanbe

        mailing address:
        use embassy street address

        telephone:
        [7] (3772) 21-03-56

    • Flag:
      three horizontal stripes of red (top), a wider stripe of white, and green; a crown surmounted by seven five-pointed stars is located in the center of the white stripe






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Revised 13-August-1997


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