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    • Location:
      Southern Africa, east of Angola

    • Map references:

    • Area:

        total area:
        752,610 sq km

        land area:
        740,720 sq km

        comparative area:
        slightly larger than Texas

    • Land boundaries:
      total 5,664 km, Angola 1,110 km, Malawi 837 km, Mozambique 419 km, Namibia 233 km, Tanzania 338 km, Zaire 1,930 km, Zimbabwe 797 km

    • Coastline:
      0 km (landlocked)

    • Maritime claims:
      none; landlocked

    • International disputes:
      quadripoint with Botswana, Namibia, and Zimbabwe is in disagreement; Tanzania-Zaire-Zambia tripoint in Lake Tanganyika may no longer be indefinite since it is reported that the indefinite section of the Zaire-Zambia boundary has been settled

    • Climate:
      tropical; modified by altitude; rainy season (October to April)

    • Terrain:
      mostly high plateau with some hills and mountains

    • Natural resources:
      copper, cobalt, zinc, lead, coal, emeralds, gold, silver, uranium, hydropower potential

    • Land use:

        arable land:

        permanent crops:

        meadows and pastures:

        forest and woodland:


    • Irrigated land:
      320 sq km (1989 est.)

    • Environment:

        current issues:
        air pollution and resulting acid rain in the mineral extraction and refining region; poaching seriously threatens rhinoceros and elephant populations; deforestation; soil erosion; desertification; lack of adequate water treatment presents human health risks

        natural hazards:
        tropical storms (November to April)

        international agreements:
        party to - Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands; signed, but not ratified - Desertification

    • Note:

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Revised 13-August-1997

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