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    • Location:
      Southern Africa, northeast of Botswana

    • Map references:

    • Area:

        total area:
        390,580 sq km

        land area:
        386,670 sq km

        comparative area:
        slightly larger than Montana

    • Land boundaries:
      total 3,066 km, Botswana 813 km, Mozambique 1,231 km, South Africa 225 km, Zambia 797 km

    • Coastline:
      0 km (landlocked)

    • Maritime claims:
      none; landlocked

    • International disputes:
      quadripoint with Botswana, Namibia, and Zambia is in disagreement

    • Climate:
      tropical; moderated by altitude; rainy season (November to March)

    • Terrain:
      mostly high plateau with higher central plateau (high veld); mountains in east

    • Natural resources:
      coal, chromium ore, asbestos, gold, nickel, copper, iron ore, vanadium, lithium, tin, platinum group metals

    • Land use:

        arable land:

        permanent crops:
        0.25% (coffee is a permanent crop)

        meadows and pastures:

        forest and woodland:


    • Irrigated land:
      2,250 sq km (1993 est.)

    • Environment:

        current issues:
        deforestation; soil erosion; land degradation; air and water pollution; the black rhinoceros herd - once the largest concentration of the species in the world - has been significantly reduced by poaching

        natural hazards:
        recurring droughts; floods and severe storms are rare

        international agreements:
        party to - Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection; signed, but not ratified - Desertification

    • Note:

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