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    Mongolia Economy - 1989
    http://www.theodora.com/wfb1989/mongolia/mongolia_economy.html
    SOURCE: 1989 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Overview: Economic activity has been traditionally based on agriculture and the breeding of livestock--Mongolia has the highest number of livestock per person in the world. In recent years extensive mineral resources have been developed with Soviet support. The mining and processing of coal, copper, molybdenum, tin, tungsten, and gold account for a large part of industrial production.

      GDP: $1.7 billion, per capita $880 (1985 est.); real growth rate 3.6% (1976-85 est.)

      Inflation rate (consumer prices): NA%

      Unemployment rate: NA%

      Budget: revenues $2.2 billion; expenditures $2.19 billion, including capital expenditures of $0.9 billion (1987 est.)

      Exports: $388 million (f.o.b., 1985); @m5commodities--livestock, animal products, wool, hides, fluorspar, nonferrous metals, minerals; @m5partners--nearly all trade with Communist countries (about 80% with USSR)

      Imports: $1.0 billion (c.i.f., 1985); @m5commodities--machinery and equipment, fuels, food products, industrial consumer goods, chemicals, building materials, sugar, tea; @m5partners--nearly all trade with Communist countries (about 80% with USSR)

      External debt: $NA

      Industrial production: growth rate 10.9% (1985)

      Electricity: 657,000 kW capacity; 2,950 million kWh produced, 1,430 kWh per capita (1988)

      Industries: processing of animal products, building materials, food and beverage, mining (particularly coal)

      Agriculture: livestock raising predominates; wheat, oats, barley

      Aid: NA, but heavily dependent on USSR

      Currency: tughrik (plural--tughriks); 1 tughrik (Tug) = 100 mongos

      Exchange rates: tughriks (Tug) per US$1--2.830 (September 1987), NA (1987), 3.000 (1986), 3.600 (1985)

      Fiscal year: calendar year

      NOTE: The information regarding Mongolia on this page is re-published from the 1989 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Mongolia Economy 1989 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Mongolia Economy 1989 should be addressed to the CIA.

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