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    Algeria Government - 1990
    http://www.theodora.com/wfb1990/algeria/algeria_government.html
    SOURCE: 1990 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Long-form name: Democratic and Popular Republic of Algeria

      Type: republic

      Capital: Algiers

      Administrative divisions: 31 provinces (wilayat, singular--wilaya); Adrar, Alger, Annaba, Batna, Bechar, Bejaia, Biskra, Blida, Bouira, Constantine, Djelfa, El Asnam, Guelma, Jijel, Laghouat, Mascara, Medea, Mostaganem, M'sila, Oran, Ouargla, Oum el Bouaghi, Saida, Setif, Sidi Bel Abbes, Skikda, Tamanrasset, Tebessa, Tiaret, Tizi Ouzou, Tlemcen; note--there may now be 48 provinces with El Asnam abolished, and the addition of 18 new provinces named Ain Delfa, Ain Temouchent, Bordjbou, Boumerdes, Chlef, El Bayadh, El Oued, El Tarf, Illizi, Jijel, Khenchela, Mila, Naama, Relizane, Souk Ahras, Tindouf, Tipaza, Tissemsilt

      Independence: 5 July 1962 (from France)

      Constitution: 19 November 1976, effective 22 November 1976

      Legal system: socialist, based on French and Islamic law; judicial review of legislative acts in ad hoc Constitutional Council composed of various public officials, including several Supreme Court justices; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

      National holiday: Anniversary of the Revolution, 1 November (1954)

      Executive branch: president, prime minister, Council of Ministers (cabinet)

      Legislative branch: unicameral National People's Assembly (Assemblee Nationale Populaire)

      Judicial branch: Supreme Court (Cour Supreme)

      Leaders: Chief of State--President Chadli BENDJEDID (since 7 February 1979); Head of Government--Prime Minister Mouloud HAMROUCHE (since 9 September 1989)

      Political parties and leaders: National Liberation Front (FLN), Col. Chadli Bendjedid, chairman; Abdelhamid Mehri, secretary general; the government established a multiparty system in September 1989 and as of 1 February 1990 19 legal parties existed

      Suffrage: universal at age 18

      Elections: President--last held on 22 December 1988 (next to be held December 1993); results--President Bendjedid was reelected without opposition; People's National Assembly--last held on 26 February 1987 (next to be held by February 1992); results--FLN was the only party; seats--(281 total) FLN 281; note--the government has promised to hold multiparty elections (municipal and wilaya) in June 1990, the first in Algerian history

      Communists: 400 (est.); Communist party banned 1962

      Member of: AfDB, AIOEC, Arab League, ASSIMER, CCC, FAO, G-77, GATT (de facto), IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, IDA, IDB--Islamic Development Bank, IFAD, ILO, IMF, IMO, INTELSAT, ILZSG, INTERPOL, IOOC, ITU, NAM, OAPEC, OAU, OIC, OPEC, UN, UNESCO, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WMO

      Diplomatic representation: Ambassador Abderrahmane BENSID; Chancery at 2118 Kalorama Road NW, Washington DC 20008; telephone (202) 328-5300; US--Ambassador Christopher W. S. ROSS; Embassy at 4 Chemin Cheich Bachir Brahimi, Algiers (mailing address is B. P. Box 549, Alger-Gare, 16000 Algiers); telephone p213o (2) 601-425 or 255, 186; there is a US Consulate in Oran

      Flag: two equal vertical bands of green (hoist side) and white with a red five-pointed star within a red crescent; the crescent, star, and color green are traditional symbols of Islam (the state religion)

      NOTE: The information regarding Algeria on this page is re-published from the 1990 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Algeria Government 1990 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Algeria Government 1990 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 07-Feb-03
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