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    Bahrain Geography - 2003
    http://www.theodora.com/wfb2003/bahrain/bahrain_geography.html
    SOURCE: 2003 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Location: Middle East, archipelago in the Persian Gulf, east of Saudi Arabia


      Geographic coordinates: 26 00 N, 50 33 E


      Map references: Middle East


      Area: total: 665 sq km
      water: 0 sq km
      land: 665 sq km


      Area - comparative: 3.5 times the size of Washington, DC


      Land boundaries: 0 km


      Coastline: 161 km


      Maritime claims: contiguous zone: 24 NM
      territorial sea: 12 NM
      continental shelf: extending to boundaries to be determined


      Climate: arid; mild, pleasant winters; very hot, humid summers


      Terrain: mostly low desert plain rising gently to low central escarpment


      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Persian Gulf 0 m
      highest point: Jabal ad Dukhan 122 m


      Natural resources: oil, associated and nonassociated natural gas, fish, pearls


      Land use: arable land: 4.35%
      permanent crops: 4.35%
      other: 91.3% (1998 est.)


      Irrigated land: 50 sq km (1998 est.)


      Natural hazards: periodic droughts; dust storms


      Environment - current issues: desertification resulting from the degradation of limited arable land, periods of drought, and dust storms; coastal degradation (damage to coastlines, coral reefs, and sea vegetation) resulting from oil spills and other discharges from large tankers, oil refineries, and distribution stations; lack of freshwater resources, groundwater and seawater are the only sources for all water needs


      Environment - international agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements


      Geography - note: close to primary Middle Eastern petroleum sources; strategic location in Persian Gulf, which much of Western world's petroleum must transit to reach open ocean


      NOTE: The information regarding Bahrain on this page is re-published from the 2003 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guinea Geography 2003 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Bahrain Geography 2003 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    http://www.theodora.com/wfb2003/bahrain/bahrain_geography.html

    Revised 20-Sep-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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