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    Bahrain Government - 2003

      Country name: conventional long form: Kingdom of Bahrain
      conventional short form: Bahrain
      local short form: Al Bahrayn
      former: Dilmun
      local long form: Mamlakat al Bahrayn

      Government type: constitutional hereditary monarchy

      Capital: Manama

      Administrative divisions: 12 municipalities (manatiq, singular - mintaqah); Al Hadd, Al Manamah, Al Mintaqah al Gharbiyah, Al Mintaqah al Wusta, Al Mintaqah ash Shamaliyah, Al Muharraq, Ar Rifa' wa al Mintaqah al Janubiyah, Jidd Hafs, Madinat Hamad, Madinat 'Isa, Juzur Hawar, Sitrah
      note: all municipalities administered from Manama

      Independence: 15 August 1971 (from UK)

      National holiday: National Day, 16 December (1971); note - 15 August 1971 is the date of independence from the UK, 16 December 1971 is the date of independence from British protection

      Constitution: adopted late December 2000; Bahrani voters approved on 13-14 February 2001 a referendum on legislative changes (revised constitution calls for a partially elected legislature, a constitutional monarchy, and an independent judiciary)

      Legal system: based on Islamic law and English common law

      Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

      Executive branch: chief of state: King HAMAD bin Isa Al Khalifa (since 6 March 1999); Heir Apparent Crown Prince SALMAN bin Hamad (son of the monarch, born 21 October 1969)
      head of government: Prime Minister KHALIFA bin Salman Al Khalifa (since NA 1971)
      cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the monarch
      elections: none; the monarchy is hereditary; prime minister appointed by the monarch

      Legislative branch: bicameral Parliament consists of Shura Council (40 members appointed by the King) and House of Deputies (40 members directly elected to serve four-year terms)
      elections: House of Deputies - last held 31 October 2002 (next election to be held NA 2006)
      note: first elections since 7 December 1973; unicameral National Assembly dissolved 26 August 1975; National Action Charter created bicameral legislature on 23 December 2000; approved by referendum 14 February 2001; first legislative session of Parliament held on 25 December 2002
      election results: House of Deputies - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - independents 21, Sunni Islamists 9, other 10

      Judicial branch: High Civil Appeals Court

      Political parties and leaders: political parties prohibited but politically oriented societies are allowed

      Political pressure groups and leaders: Shi'a activists fomented unrest sporadically in 1994-97, demanding the return of an elected National Assembly and an end to unemployment; several small, clandestine leftist and Islamic fundamentalist groups are active

      International organization participation: ABEDA, AFESD, AL, AMF, ESCWA, FAO, G-77, GCC, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt (signatory), ICRM, IDB, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, ISO (correspondent), ITU, NAM, OAPEC, OIC, OPCW, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO

      Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Khalifa bin Ali bin Rashid AL KHALIFA
      chancery: 3502 International Drive NW, Washington, DC 20008
      consulate(s) general: New York
      FAX: [1] (202) 362-2192
      telephone: [1] (202) 342-0741

      Diplomatic representation from the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Ronald E. NEUMANN
      embassy: Building #979, Road 3119 (next to Al-Ahli Sports Club), Block 321, Zinj District, Manama
      mailing address: American Embassy Manama, PSC 451, FPO AE 09834-5100; international mail: American Embassy, Box 26431, Manama
      telephone: [973] 273-300
      FAX: [973] 272-594

      Flag description: red with a white serrated band (eight white points) on the hoist side

      NOTE: The information regarding Bahrain on this page is re-published from the 2003 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guinea Geography 2003 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Bahrain Government 2003 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 20-Sep-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)