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    Canada Geography - 2003
    http://www.theodora.com/wfb2003/canada/canada_geography.html
    SOURCE: 2003 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Location: Northern North America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean on the east, North Pacific Ocean on the west, and the Arctic Ocean on the north, north of the conterminous US


      Geographic coordinates: 60 00 N, 95 00 W


      Map references: North America


      Area: total: 9,976,140 sq km
      land: 9,220,970 sq km
      water: 755,170 sq km


      Area - comparative: somewhat larger than the US


      Land boundaries: total: 8,893 km
      border countries: US 8,893 km (includes 2,477 km with Alaska)


      Coastline: 202,080 km


      Maritime claims: contiguous zone: 24 NM
      territorial sea: 12 NM
      continental shelf: 200 NM or to the edge of the continental margin
      exclusive economic zone: 200 NM


      Climate: varies from temperate in south to subarctic and arctic in north


      Terrain: mostly plains with mountains in west and lowlands in southeast


      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Mount Logan 5,959 m


      Natural resources: iron ore, nickel, zinc, copper, gold, lead, molybdenum, potash, diamonds, silver, fish, timber, wildlife, coal, petroleum, natural gas, hydropower


      Land use: arable land: 4.94%
      permanent crops: 0.02%
      other: 95.04% (1998 est.)


      Irrigated land: 7,200 sq km (1998 est.)


      Natural hazards: continuous permafrost in north is a serious obstacle to development; cyclonic storms form east of the Rocky Mountains, a result of the mixing of air masses from the Arctic, Pacific, and North American interior, and produce most of the country's rain and snow east of the mountains


      Environment - current issues: air pollution and resulting acid rain severely affecting lakes and damaging forests; metal smelting, coal-burning utilities, and vehicle emissions impacting on agricultural and forest productivity; ocean waters becoming contaminated due to agricultural, industrial, mining, and forestry activities


      Environment - international agreements: party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulphur 85, Air Pollution-Sulphur 94, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Seals, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation


      Geography - note: second-largest country in world (after Russia); strategic location between Russia and US via north polar route; approximately 85% of the population is concentrated within 300 km of the US border


      NOTE: The information regarding Canada on this page is re-published from the 2003 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guinea Geography 2003 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Canada Geography 2003 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    http://www.theodora.com/wfb2003/canada/canada_geography.html

    Revised 20-Sep-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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