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    Egypt Geography - 2003
    http://www.theodora.com/wfb2003/egypt/egypt_geography.html
    SOURCE: 2003 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Location: Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Libya and the Gaza Strip, and the Red Sea north of Sudan, and includes the Asian Sinai Peninsula


      Geographic coordinates: 27 00 N, 30 00 E


      Map references: Africa


      Area: total: 1,001,450 sq km
      land: 995,450 sq km
      water: 6,000 sq km


      Area - comparative: slightly more than three times the size of New Mexico


      Land boundaries: total: 2,665 km
      border countries: Gaza Strip 11 km, Israel 266 km, Libya 1,115 km, Sudan 1,273 km


      Coastline: 2,450 km


      Maritime claims: contiguous zone: 24 NM
      territorial sea: 12 NM
      continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
      exclusive economic zone: 200 NM


      Climate: desert; hot, dry summers with moderate winters


      Terrain: vast desert plateau interrupted by Nile valley and delta


      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Qattara Depression -133 m
      highest point: Mount Catherine 2,629 m


      Natural resources: petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, phosphates, manganese, limestone, gypsum, talc, asbestos, lead, zinc


      Land use: arable land: 2.85%
      permanent crops: 0.47%
      other: 96.68% (1998 est.)


      Irrigated land: 33,000 sq km (1998 est.)


      Natural hazards: periodic droughts; frequent earthquakes, flash floods, landslides; hot, driving windstorm called khamsin occurs in spring; dust storms, sandstorms


      Environment - current issues: agricultural land being lost to urbanization and windblown sands; increasing soil salination below Aswan High Dam; desertification; oil pollution threatening coral reefs, beaches, and marine habitats; other water pollution from agricultural pesticides, raw sewage, and industrial effluents; very limited natural fresh water resources away from the Nile which is the only perennial water source; rapid growth in population overstraining the Nile and natural resources


      Environment - international agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol


      Geography - note: controls Sinai Peninsula, only land bridge between Africa and remainder of Eastern Hemisphere; controls Suez Canal, a sea link between Indian Ocean and Mediterranean Sea; size, and juxtaposition to Israel, establish its major role in Middle Eastern geopolitics; dependence on upstream neighbors; dominance of Nile basin issues; prone to influxes of refugees


      NOTE: The information regarding Egypt on this page is re-published from the 2003 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guinea Geography 2003 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Egypt Geography 2003 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    http://www.theodora.com/wfb2003/egypt/egypt_geography.html

    Revised 20-Sep-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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