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    France Geography - 2003
    http://www.theodora.com/wfb2003/france/france_geography.html
    SOURCE: 2003 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Location: Western Europe, bordering the Bay of Biscay and English Channel, between Belgium and Spain, southeast of the UK; bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Italy and Spain


      Geographic coordinates: 46 00 N, 2 00 E


      Map references: Europe


      Area: total: 547,030 sq km
      land: 545,630 sq km
      note: includes only metropolitan France; excludes the overseas administrative divisions
      water: 1,400 sq km


      Area - comparative: slightly less than twice the size of Colorado


      Land boundaries: total: 2,889 km
      border countries: Andorra 56.6 km, Belgium 620 km, Germany 451 km, Italy 488 km, Luxembourg 73 km, Monaco 4.4 km, Spain 623 km, Switzerland 573 km


      Coastline: 3,427 km


      Maritime claims: contiguous zone: 24 NM
      territorial sea: 12 NM
      continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
      exclusive economic zone: 200 NM (does not apply to the Mediterranean)


      Climate: generally cool winters and mild summers, but mild winters and hot summers along the Mediterranean; occasional strong, cold, dry, north-to-northwesterly wind known as mistral


      Terrain: mostly flat plains or gently rolling hills in north and west; remainder is mountainous, especially Pyrenees in south, Alps in east


      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Rhone River delta -2 m
      highest point: Mont Blanc 4,807 m


      Natural resources: coal, iron ore, bauxite, zinc, potash, timber, fish


      Land use: arable land: 33.3%
      permanent crops: 2.11%
      other: 64.59% (1998 est.)


      Irrigated land: 20,000 sq km (1998 est.)


      Natural hazards: flooding; avalanches; midwinter windstorms; drought; forest fires in south near the Mediterranean


      Environment - current issues: some forest damage from acid rain (major forest damage occurred as a result of severe December 1999 windstorm); air pollution from industrial and vehicle emissions; water pollution from urban wastes, agricultural runoff


      Environment - international agreements: party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Sulphur 85, Air Pollution-Sulphur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Seals, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Kyoto Protocol, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
      signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants


      Geography - note: largest West European nation


      NOTE: The information regarding France on this page is re-published from the 2003 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guinea Geography 2003 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about France Geography 2003 should be addressed to the CIA.



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    http://www.theodora.com/wfb2003/france/france_geography.html

    Revised 20-Sep-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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