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    Georgia Geography - 2003
    http://www.theodora.com/wfb2003/georgia/georgia_geography.html
    SOURCE: 2003 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Location: Southwestern Asia, bordering the Black Sea, between Turkey and Russia


      Geographic coordinates: 42 00 N, 43 30 E


      Map references: Asia


      Area: total: 69,700 sq km
      water: 0 sq km
      land: 69,700 sq km


      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than South Carolina


      Land boundaries: total: 1,461 km
      border countries: Armenia 164 km, Azerbaijan 322 km, Russia 723 km, Turkey 252 km


      Coastline: 310 km


      Maritime claims: NA


      Climate: warm and pleasant; Mediterranean-like on Black Sea coast


      Terrain: largely mountainous with Great Caucasus Mountains in the north and Lesser Caucasus Mountains in the south; Kolkhet'is Dablobi (Kolkhida Lowland) opens to the Black Sea in the west; Mtkvari River Basin in the east; good soils in river valley flood plains, foothills of Kolkhida Lowland


      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Black Sea 0 m
      highest point: Mt'a Shkhara 5,201 m


      Natural resources: forests, hydropower, manganese deposits, iron ore, copper, minor coal and oil deposits; coastal climate and soils allow for important tea and citrus growth


      Land use: arable land: 11.21%
      permanent crops: 4.09%
      other: 84.7% (1998 est.)


      Irrigated land: 4,700 sq km (1998 est.)


      Natural hazards: earthquakes


      Environment - current issues: air pollution, particularly in Rust'avi; heavy pollution of Mtkvari River and the Black Sea; inadequate supplies of potable water; soil pollution from toxic chemicals


      Environment - international agreements: party to: Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements


      Geography - note: strategically located east of the Black Sea; Georgia controls much of the Caucasus Mountains and the routes through them


      NOTE: The information regarding Georgia on this page is re-published from the 2003 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guinea Geography 2003 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Georgia Geography 2003 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    http://www.theodora.com/wfb2003/georgia/georgia_geography.html

    Revised 20-Sep-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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