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    Iceland Government - 2003
    http://www.theodora.com/wfb2003/iceland/iceland_government.html
    SOURCE: 2003 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Country name: conventional long form: Republic of Iceland
      conventional short form: Iceland
      local short form: Island
      local long form: Lydhveldidh Island


      Government type: constitutional republic


      Capital: Reykjavik


      Administrative divisions: 23 counties (syslur, singular - sysla) and 14 independent towns* (kaupstadhir, singular - kaupstadhur); Akranes*, Akureyri*, Arnessysla, Austur-Bardhastrandarsysla, Austur-Hunavatnssysla, Austur-Skaftafellssysla, Borgarfjardharsysla, Dalasysla, Eyjafjardharsysla, Gullbringusysla, Hafnarfjordhur*, Husavik*, Isafjordhur*, Keflavik*, Kjosarsysla, Kopavogur*, Myrasysla, Neskaupstadhur*, Nordhur-Isafjardharsysla, Nordhur-Mulasys-la, Nordhur-Thingeyjarsysla, Olafsfjordhur*, Rangarvallasysla, Reykjavik*, Saudharkrokur*, Seydhisfjordhur*, Siglufjordhur*, Skagafjardharsysla, Snaefellsnes-og Hnappadalssysla, Strandasysla, Sudhur-Mulasysla, Sudhur-Thingeyjarsysla, Vesttmannaeyjar*, Vestur-Bardhastrandarsysla, Vestur-Hunavatnssysla, Vestur-Isafjardharsysla, Vestur-Skaftafellssysla
      note: there may be four other counties


      Independence: 1 December 1918 (became a sovereign state under the Danish Crown); 17 June 1944 (from Denmark)


      National holiday: Independence Day, 17 June (1944)


      Constitution: 16 June 1944, effective 17 June 1944


      Legal system: civil law system based on Danish law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction


      Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal


      Executive branch: chief of state: President Olafur Ragnar GRIMSSON (since 1 August 1996)
      head of government: Prime Minister David ODDSSON (since 30 April 1991)
      cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the prime minister and approved by Parliament
      election results: Olafur Ragnar GRIMSSON ran unopposed in 2000 and was reelected
      elections: president, which is largely a ceremonial post, elected by popular vote for a four-year term; election last held 29 June 1996 (next to be held NA June 2004); President GRIMSSON ran unopposed in June 2000 so there were no elections; prime minister appointed by the president


      Legislative branch: unicameral Parliament or Althing (63 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)
      election results: percent of vote by party - Independence Party 33.7%, Social Democratic Alliance 31.0%, Progressive Party 17.7%, Left-Green Alliance 8.8%, Liberal Party 7.4%; seats by party - Independence Party 22, Social Democratic Alliance 20, Progressive Party 12, Left-Green Alliance 5, Liberal Party 4
      elections: last held 10 May 2003 (next to be held by May 2007)


      Judicial branch: Supreme Court or Haestirettur (justices are appointed for life by the Minister of Justice); eight district courts (justices are appointed for life by the Minister of Justice)


      Political parties and leaders: Independence Party or IP [David ODDSSON]; Left-Green Alliance or LGP [Steingrimur SIGFUSSON]; Liberal Party or LP [Gudjon KRISTJANSSON]; Progressive Party or PP [Halldor ASGRIMSSON]; Social Democratic Alliance (includes People's Alliance or PA, Social Democratic Party or SDP, Women's List)or SDA [Ossur SKARPHEDINSSON]; Social Democratic Party or SDP [Sighvatur BJORGVINSSON]; Women's List or WL [Kristin ASTGEIRSDOTTIR]


      Political pressure groups and leaders: NA


      International organization participation: Australia Group, BIS, CBSS, CE, EAPC, EBRD, ECE, EFTA, FAO, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IEA (observer), IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, ISO, ITU, NATO, NC, NEA, NIB, OECD, OPCW, OSCE, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNMIBH, UNMIK, UNU, UPU, WCO, WEU (associate), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTrO


      Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Helgi AGUSTSSON
      chancery: Suite 1200, 1156 15th Street NW, Washington, DC 20005-1704
      consulate(s) general: New York
      FAX: [1] (202) 265-6656
      telephone: [1] (202) 265-6653


      Diplomatic representation from the US: chief of mission: Ambassador James I. GADSDEN
      embassy: Laufasvegur 21, 101 Reykjavik
      mailing address: US Embassy, PSC 1003, Box 40, FPO AE 09728-0340
      telephone: [354] 5629100
      FAX: [354] 5629139


      Flag description: blue with a red cross outlined in white extending to the edges of the flag; the vertical part of the cross is shifted to the hoist side in the style of the Dannebrog (Danish flag)


      NOTE: The information regarding Iceland on this page is re-published from the 2003 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guinea Geography 2003 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Iceland Government 2003 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    http://www.theodora.com/wfb2003/iceland/iceland_government.html

    Revised 20-Sep-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


    CTR030920