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    India Geography - 2003
    http://www.theodora.com/wfb2003/india/india_geography.html
    SOURCE: 2003 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Location: Southern Asia, bordering the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal, between Burma and Pakistan


      Geographic coordinates: 20 00 N, 77 00 E


      Map references: Asia


      Area: total: 3,287,590 sq km
      land: 2,973,190 sq km
      water: 314,400 sq km


      Area - comparative: slightly more than one-third the size of the US


      Land boundaries: total: 14,103 km
      border countries: Bangladesh 4,053 km, Bhutan 605 km, Burma 1,463 km, China 3,380 km, Nepal 1,690 km, Pakistan 2,912 km


      Coastline: 7,000 km


      Maritime claims: contiguous zone: 24 NM
      territorial sea: 12 NM
      continental shelf: 200 NM or to the edge of the continental margin
      exclusive economic zone: 200 NM


      Climate: varies from tropical monsoon in south to temperate in north


      Terrain: upland plain (Deccan Plateau) in south, flat to rolling plain along the Ganges, deserts in west, Himalayas in north


      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Kanchenjunga 8,598 m


      Natural resources: coal (fourth-largest reserves in the world), iron ore, manganese, mica, bauxite, titanium ore, chromite, natural gas, diamonds, petroleum, limestone, arable land


      Land use: arable land: 54.35%
      permanent crops: 2.66%
      other: 42.99% (1998 est.)


      Irrigated land: 590,000 sq km (1998 est.)


      Natural hazards: droughts; flash floods, as well as widespread and destructive flooding from monsoonal rains; severe thunderstorms; earthquakes


      Environment - current issues: deforestation; soil erosion; overgrazing; desertification; air pollution from industrial effluents and vehicle emissions; water pollution from raw sewage and runoff of agricultural pesticides; tap water is not potable throughout the country; huge and growing population is overstraining natural resources


      Environment - international agreements: party to: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements


      Geography - note: dominates South Asian subcontinent; near important Indian Ocean trade routes


      NOTE: The information regarding India on this page is re-published from the 2003 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guinea Geography 2003 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about India Geography 2003 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    http://www.theodora.com/wfb2003/india/india_geography.html

    Revised 20-Sep-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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