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    Italy Geography - 2003
    http://www.theodora.com/wfb2003/italy/italy_geography.html
    SOURCE: 2003 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Location: Southern Europe, a peninsula extending into the central Mediterranean Sea, northeast of Tunisia


      Geographic coordinates: 42 50 N, 12 50 E


      Map references: Europe


      Area: total: 301,230 sq km
      note: includes Sardinia and Sicily
      water: 7,210 sq km
      land: 294,020 sq km


      Area - comparative: slightly larger than Arizona


      Land boundaries: total: 1,932.2 km
      border countries: Austria 430 km, France 488 km, Holy See (Vatican City) 3.2 km, San Marino 39 km, Slovenia 232 km, Switzerland 740 km


      Coastline: 7,600 km


      Maritime claims: continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
      territorial sea: 12 NM


      Climate: predominantly Mediterranean; Alpine in far north; hot, dry in south


      Terrain: mostly rugged and mountainous; some plains, coastal lowlands


      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Mediterranean Sea 0 m
      highest point: Mont Blanc (Monte Bianco) de Courmayeur 4,748 m (a secondary peak of Mont Blanc)


      Natural resources: mercury, potash, marble, sulfur, natural gas and crude oil reserves, fish, coal, arable land


      Land use: arable land: 28.07%
      permanent crops: 9.25%
      other: 62.68% (1998 est.)


      Irrigated land: 26,980 sq km (1998 est.)


      Natural hazards: regional risks include landslides, mudflows, avalanches, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, flooding; land subsidence in Venice


      Environment - current issues: air pollution from industrial emissions such as sulfur dioxide; coastal and inland rivers polluted from industrial and agricultural effluents; acid rain damaging lakes; inadequate industrial waste treatment and disposal facilities


      Environment - international agreements: party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Sulphur 85, Air Pollution-Sulphur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Seals, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
      signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol


      Geography - note: strategic location dominating central Mediterranean as well as southern sea and air approaches to Western Europe


      NOTE: The information regarding Italy on this page is re-published from the 2003 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guinea Geography 2003 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Italy Geography 2003 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    http://www.theodora.com/wfb2003/italy/italy_geography.html

    Revised 20-Sep-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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