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    Pakistan Geography - 2003

      Location: Southern Asia, bordering the Arabian Sea, between India on the east and Iran and Afghanistan on the west and China in the north

      Geographic coordinates: 30 00 N, 70 00 E

      Map references: Asia

      Area: total: 803,940 sq km
      land: 778,720 sq km
      water: 25,220 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly less than twice the size of California

      Land boundaries: total: 6,774 km
      border countries: Afghanistan 2,430 km, China 523 km, India 2,912 km, Iran 909 km

      Coastline: 1,046 km

      Maritime claims: contiguous zone: 24 NM
      territorial sea: 12 NM
      continental shelf: 200 NM or to the edge of the continental margin
      exclusive economic zone: 200 NM

      Climate: mostly hot, dry desert; temperate in northwest; arctic in north

      Terrain: flat Indus plain in east; mountains in north and northwest; Balochistan plateau in west

      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
      highest point: K2 (Mt. Godwin-Austen) 8,611 m

      Natural resources: land, extensive natural gas reserves, limited petroleum, poor quality coal, iron ore, copper, salt, limestone

      Land use: arable land: 27.81%
      permanent crops: 0.79%
      other: 71.4% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land: 180,000 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards: frequent earthquakes, occasionally severe especially in north and west; flooding along the Indus after heavy rains (July and August)

      Environment - current issues: water pollution from raw sewage, industrial wastes, and agricultural runoff; limited natural fresh water resources; a majority of the population does not have access to potable water; deforestation; soil erosion; desertification

      Environment - international agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban

      Geography - note: controls Khyber Pass and Bolan Pass, traditional invasion routes between Central Asia and the Indian Subcontinent

      NOTE: The information regarding Pakistan on this page is re-published from the 2003 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guinea Geography 2003 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Pakistan Geography 2003 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 20-Sep-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)