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    Poland Geography - 2003
    http://www.theodora.com/wfb2003/poland/poland_geography.html
    SOURCE: 2003 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Location: Central Europe, east of Germany


      Geographic coordinates: 52 00 N, 20 00 E


      Map references: Europe


      Area: total: 312,685 sq km
      water: 8,220 sq km
      land: 304,465 sq km


      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than New Mexico


      Land boundaries: total: 2,788 km
      border countries: Belarus 407 km, Czech Republic 658 km, Germany 456 km, Lithuania 91 km, Russia (Kaliningrad Oblast) 206 km, Slovakia 444 km, Ukraine 526 km


      Coastline: 491 km


      Maritime claims: exclusive economic zone: defined by international treaties
      territorial sea: 12 NM


      Climate: temperate with cold, cloudy, moderately severe winters with frequent precipitation; mild summers with frequent showers and thundershowers


      Terrain: mostly flat plain; mountains along southern border


      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Raczki Elblaskie -2 m
      highest point: Rysy 2,499 m


      Natural resources: coal, sulfur, copper, natural gas, silver, lead, salt, amber, arable land


      Land use: arable land: 45.81%
      permanent crops: 1.23%
      other: 52.96% (1998 est.)


      Irrigated land: 1,000 sq km (1998 est.)


      Natural hazards: flooding


      Environment - current issues: situation has improved since 1989 due to decline in heavy industry and increased environmental concern by post-Communist governments; air pollution nonetheless remains serious because of sulfur dioxide emissions from coal-fired power plants, and the resulting acid rain has caused forest damage; water pollution from industrial and municipal sources is also a problem, as is disposal of hazardous wastes; pollution levels should continue to decrease as industrial establishments bring their facilities up to European Union code, but at substantial cost to business and the government


      Environment - international agreements: party to: Air Pollution, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Seals, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulphur 94, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol


      Geography - note: historically, an area of conflict because of flat terrain and the lack of natural barriers on the North European Plain


      NOTE: The information regarding Poland on this page is re-published from the 2003 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guinea Geography 2003 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Poland Geography 2003 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    http://www.theodora.com/wfb2003/poland/poland_geography.html

    Revised 20-Sep-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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