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    Rwanda Government - 2003
    http://www.theodora.com/wfb2003/rwanda/rwanda_government.html
    SOURCE: 2003 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Country name: conventional long form: Rwandese Republic
      conventional short form: Rwanda
      local short form: Rwanda
      former: Ruanda
      local long form: Republika y'u Rwanda


      Government type: republic; presidential, multiparty system


      Capital: Kigali


      Administrative divisions: 12 prefectures (in French - prefectures, singular - prefecture; in Kinyarwanda - plural - NA, singular - prefegitura); Butare, Byumba, Cyangugu, Gikongoro, Gisenyi, Gitarama, Kibungo, Kibuye, Kigali Rurale, Kigali-ville, Umutara, Ruhengeri


      Independence: 1 July 1962 (from Belgium-administered UN trusteeship)


      National holiday: Independence Day, 1 July (1962)


      Constitution: on 5 May 1995, the Transitional National Assembly adopted as Fundamental Law the constitution of 18 June 1991, provisions of the 1993 Arusha peace accord, the July 1994 Declaration by the Rwanda Patriotic Front, and the November 1994 multiparty protocol of understanding


      Legal system: based on German and Belgian civil law systems and customary law; judicial review of legislative acts in the Supreme Court; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction


      Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal adult


      Executive branch: chief of state: President Maj. Gen. Paul KAGAME (FPR) (since 22 April 2000)
      head of government: Prime Minister Bernard MAKUZA (since 8 March 2000)
      cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president
      elections: normally the president is elected by popular vote for a five-year term; special election for new president by deputies of the National Assembly and governmental ministers held 17 April 2000 (first national popular vote election to be held NA July 2003); prime minister is appointed by the president
      election results: Paul KAGAME (FPR) elected president in a special parliamentary/ministerial ballot receiving 81 of a possible 86 votes


      Legislative branch: unicameral Transitional National Assembly or Assemblee Nationale de Transition (a power-sharing body with 70 seats established on 12 December 1994 following a multiparty protocol of understanding; members were named by their parties, number of seats per party predetermined by the Arusha peace accord)
      note: four additional seats, two for women and two for youth, added in 2001
      election results: seats by party under the Arusha peace accord - FPR 13, MDR 13, PSD 13, PL 13, PDC 6, RPA 6, PSR 2, PDI 2, UDPR 2; note - the distribution of seats was predetermined, four additional seats (two for women and two for youth) added in 2001
      elections: the last national legislative elections were held 16 December 1988 for the National Development Council (the legislature prior to the advent of the Transitional National Assembly); no elections have been held for the Transitional National Assembly as the distribution of seats was predetermined by the Arusha peace accord (next to be held NA July 2003)


      Judicial branch: Supreme Court; communal courts; appeals courts


      Political parties and leaders: Centrist Democratic Party or PDC [Jean-Nipomuscene NAYINZIRA]; Democratic Socialist Party or PSD [J. Damascene NTAWUKURIRYAYO]; Democratic Popular Union of Rwanda or UDPR [leader NA]; Democratic Republican Movement or MDR [Celestin KABANDA]; Islamic Democratic Party or PDI [Andre BUMAYA]; Liberal Party or PL [Pie MUGABO]; Party for Democratic Renewal (officially banned) [Pasteur BIZIMUNGU and Charles NTAKARUTINKA]; Rwanda Patriotic Front or FPR [Maj. Gen. Paul KAGAME]; Rwandan Socialist Party or PSR [leader NA]


      Political pressure groups and leaders: IBUKA - association of genocide survivors


      International organization participation: ACCT, ACP, AfDB, CEEAC, CEPGL, ECA, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO (correspondent), ITU, NAM, OAU, OPCW (signatory), UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO


      Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Zac NSENGA
      chancery: 1714 New Hampshire Ave. NW, Washington, DC 20009
      FAX: [1] (202) 232-4544
      telephone: [1] (202) 232-2882


      Diplomatic representation from the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Margaret K. McMILLION
      embassy: #337 Boulevard de la Revolution, Kigali
      mailing address: B. P. 28, Kigali
      telephone: [250] 50 56 01 through 03
      FAX: [250] 57 2128


      Flag description: three horizontal bands of sky blue (top, double width), yellow, and green, with a golden sun with 24 rays near the fly end of the blue band


      NOTE: The information regarding Rwanda on this page is re-published from the 2003 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guinea Geography 2003 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Rwanda Government 2003 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    http://www.theodora.com/wfb2003/rwanda/rwanda_government.html

    Revised 20-Sep-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


    CTR030920