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    Serbia and Montenegro Geography - 2003
    http://www.theodora.com/wfb2003/serbia_and_montenegro/serbia_and_montenegro_geography.html
    SOURCE: 2003 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Location: Southeastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea, between Albania and Bosnia and Herzegovina


      Geographic coordinates: 44 00 N, 21 00 E


      Map references: Europe


      Area: total: 102,350 sq km
      water: 214 sq km
      land: 102,136 sq km


      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Kentucky


      Land boundaries: total: 2,246 km
      border countries: Albania 287 km, Bosnia and Herzegovina 527 km, Bulgaria 318 km, Croatia (north) 241 km, Croatia (south) 25 km, Hungary 151 km, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia 221 km, Romania 476 km


      Coastline: 199 km


      Maritime claims: NA


      Climate: in the north, continental climate (cold winters and hot, humid summers with well distributed rainfall); central portion, continental and Mediterranean climate; to the south, Adriatic climate along the coast, hot, dry summers and autumns and relatively cold winters with heavy snowfall inland


      Terrain: extremely varied; to the north, rich fertile plains; to the east, limestone ranges and basins; to the southeast, ancient mountains and hills; to the southwest, extremely high shoreline with no islands off the coast


      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Adriatic Sea 0 m
      highest point: Daravica 2,656 m


      Natural resources: oil, gas, coal, antimony, copper, lead, zinc, nickel, gold, pyrite, chrome, hydropower, arable land


      Land use: arable land: 36.34%
      permanent crops: 3.44%
      other: 60.22% (1998 est.)


      Irrigated land: 570 sq km


      Natural hazards: destructive earthquakes


      Environment - current issues: pollution of coastal waters from sewage outlets, especially in tourist-related areas such as Kotor; air pollution around Belgrade and other industrial cities; water pollution from industrial wastes dumped into the Sava which flows into the Danube


      Environment - international agreements: party to: Air Pollution, Climate Change, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Biodiversity


      Geography - note: controls one of the major land routes from Western Europe to Turkey and the Near East; strategic location along the Adriatic coast


      NOTE: The information regarding Serbia and Montenegro on this page is re-published from the 2003 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guinea Geography 2003 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Serbia and Montenegro Geography 2003 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    http://www.theodora.com/wfb2003/serbia_and_montenegro/serbia_and_montenegro_geography.html

    Revised 20-Sep-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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