Support Our Sponsor
. . Flags of the World Maps of All Countries

  • |SEARCH|
  • |Main INDEX|
  • 2006 INDEX
  • Country Ranks
  • DEFINITIONS

    Australia Index 2006

    Australia Main Index


    . Feedback
  • geographic.org Home PageCountry Index

    Australia Geography - 2006
    http://www.theodora.com/wfbcurrent/australia/australia_geography.html
    SOURCE: 2006 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Location:
      Oceania, continent between the Indian Ocean and the South Pacific Ocean

      Geographic coordinates:
      27 00 S, 133 00 E

      Map references:
      Oceania

      Area:
      total: 7,686,850 sq km
      land: 7,617,930 sq km
      water: 68,920 sq km
      note: includes Lord Howe Island and Macquarie Island

      Area - comparative:
      slightly smaller than the US contiguous 48 states

      Land boundaries:
      0 km

      Coastline:
      25,760 km

      Maritime claims:
      territorial sea: 12 nm
      contiguous zone: 24 nm
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin

      Climate:
      generally arid to semiarid; temperate in south and east; tropical in north

      Terrain:
      mostly low plateau with deserts; fertile plain in southeast

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Lake Eyre -15 m
      highest point: Mount Kosciuszko 2,229 m

      Natural resources:
      bauxite, coal, iron ore, copper, tin, gold, silver, uranium, nickel, tungsten, mineral sands, lead, zinc, diamonds, natural gas, petroleum

      Land use:
      arable land: 6.15% (includes about 27 million hectares of cultivated grassland)
      permanent crops: 0.04%
      other: 93.81% (2005)

      Irrigated land:
      25,450 sq km (2003)

      Natural hazards:
      cyclones along the coast; severe droughts; forest fires

      Environment - current issues:
      soil erosion from overgrazing, industrial development, urbanization, and poor farming practices; soil salinity rising due to the use of poor quality water; desertification; clearing for agricultural purposes threatens the natural habitat of many unique animal and plant species; the Great Barrier Reef off the northeast coast, the largest coral reef in the world, is threatened by increased shipping and its popularity as a tourist site; limited natural fresh water resources

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Seals, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
      signed, but not ratified: Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol

      Geography - note:
      world's smallest continent but sixth-largest country; population concentrated along the eastern and southeastern coasts; the invigorating tropical sea breeze known as the "Fremantle Doctor" affects the city of Perth on the west coast, and is one of the most consistent winds in the world


      NOTE: The information regarding Australia on this page is re-published from the 2006 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Australia Geography 2006 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Australia Geography 2006 should be addressed to the CIA.

    Support Our Sponsor

    Support Our Sponsor

    Please ADD this page to your FAVORITES - - - - -


    http://www.theodora.com/wfbcurrent/australia/australia_geography.html

    Revised 06-Jun-06
    Copyright © 2006 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


    CTR060106