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    Bahrain Index 2006

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    Bahrain Economy - 2006
    http://www.theodora.com/wfbcurrent/bahrain/bahrain_economy.html
    SOURCE: 2006 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Economy - overview:
      Petroleum production and refining account for about 60% of Bahrain's export receipts, 60% of government revenues, and 30% of GDP. With its highly developed communication and transport facilities, Bahrain is home to numerous multinational firms with business in the Gulf. A large share of exports consists of petroleum products made from refining imported crude. Construction proceeds on several major industrial projects. Unemployment, especially among the young, and the depletion of oil and underground water resources are major long-term economic problems. In 2005 Bahrain and the US ratified a Free Trade Agreement (FTA), the first FTA between the US and a Gulf state.

      GDP (purchasing power parity):
      $14.11 billion (2005 est.)

      GDP (official exchange rate):
      $11.3 billion (2005 est.)

      GDP - real growth rate:
      5.9% (2005 est.)

      GDP - per capita (PPP):
      $20,500 (2005 est.)

      GDP - composition by sector:
      agriculture: 0.6%
      industry: 42.5%
      services: 56.9% (2005 est.)

      Labor force:
      380,000
      note: 44% of the population in the 15-64 age group is non-national (2005 est.)

      Labor force - by occupation:
      agriculture: 1%
      industry: 79%
      services: 20% (1997 est.)

      Unemployment rate:
      15% (2005 est.)

      Population below poverty line:
      NA%

      Household income or consumption by percentage share:
      lowest 10%: NA%
      highest 10%: NA%

      Inflation rate (consumer prices):
      2.7% (2005 est.)

      Investment (gross fixed):
      14.7% of GDP (2005 est.)

      Budget:
      revenues: $4.662 billion
      expenditures: $3.447 billion; including capital expenditures of $700 million (2005 est.)

      Public debt:
      51.5% of GDP (2005 est.)

      Agriculture - products:
      fruit, vegetables; poultry, dairy products; shrimp, fish

      Industries:
      petroleum processing and refining, aluminum smelting, iron pelletization, fertilizers, offshore banking, ship repairing, tourism

      Industrial production growth rate:
      2% (2000 est.)

      Electricity - production:
      7.345 billion kWh (2003)

      Electricity - consumption:
      6.83 billion kWh (2003)

      Electricity - exports:
      0 kWh (2003)

      Electricity - imports:
      0 kWh (2003)

      Oil - production:
      188,300 bbl/day (2005 est.)

      Oil - consumption:
      26,000 bbl/day (2003 est.)

      Oil - exports:
      NA bbl/day

      Oil - imports:
      NA bbl/day

      Oil - proved reserves:
      124 million bbl (2005 est.)

      Natural gas - production:
      9.65 billion cu m (2003 est.)

      Natural gas - consumption:
      9.65 billion cu m (2003 est.)

      Natural gas - exports:
      0 cu m (2002 est.)

      Natural gas - imports:
      0 cu m (2002 est.)

      Natural gas - proved reserves:
      92.03 billion cu m (2005)

      Current account balance:
      $1.569 billion (2005 est.)

      Exports:
      $11.17 billion (2005 est.)

      Exports - commodities:
      petroleum and petroleum products, aluminum, textiles

      Exports - partners:
      Saudi Arabia 3%, US 2.9%, UAE 2.2% (2004)

      Imports:
      $7.83 billion (2005 est.)

      Imports - commodities:
      crude oil, machinery, chemicals

      Imports - partners:
      Saudi Arabia 32.4%, Japan 7.3%, Germany 6.1%, US 5.6%, UK 5.4%, France 4.8% (2004)

      Reserves of foreign exchange and gold:
      $2.433 billion (2005 est.)

      Debt - external:
      $6.831 billion (2005 est.)

      Economic aid - recipient:
      $150 million; note - $50 million annually since 1992 from the UAE and Kuwait (2002)

      Currency (code):
      Bahraini dinar (BHD)

      Exchange rates:
      Bahraini dinars per US dollar - 0.376 (2005), 0.376 (2004), 0.376 (2003), 0.376 (2002), 0.376 (2001)

      Fiscal year:
      calendar year


      NOTE: The information regarding Bahrain on this page is re-published from the 2006 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Bahrain Economy 2006 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Bahrain Economy 2006 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    http://www.theodora.com/wfbcurrent/bahrain/bahrain_economy.html

    Revised 06-Jun-06
    Copyright © 2006 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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