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    Somalia Index 2006

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    Somalia Government - 2006
    http://www.theodora.com/wfbcurrent/somalia/somalia_government.html
    SOURCE: 2006 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Country name:
      conventional long form: none
      conventional short form: Somalia
      former: Somali Republic; Somali Democratic Republic

      Government type:
      no permanent national government; transitional, parliamentary federal government

      Capital:
      Mogadishu

      Administrative divisions:
      18 regions (plural - NA, singular - gobolka); Awdal, Bakool, Banaadir, Bari, Bay, Galguduud, Gedo, Hiiraan, Jubbada Dhexe, Jubbada Hoose, Mudug, Nugaal, Sanaag, Shabeellaha Dhexe, Shabeellaha Hoose, Sool, Togdheer, Woqooyi Galbeed

      Independence:
      1 July 1960 (from a merger of British Somaliland, which became independent from the UK on 26 June 1960, and Italian Somaliland, which became independent from the Italian-administered UN trusteeship on 1 July 1960, to form the Somali Republic)

      National holiday:
      Foundation of the Somali Republic, 1 July (1960); note - 26 June (1960) in Somaliland

      Constitution:
      25 August 1979, presidential approval 23 September 1979
      note: the formation of transitional governing institutions, known as the Transitional Federal Government, is currently ongoing

      Legal system:
      no national system; Shari'a (Islamic) and secular courts based on Somali customary law (xeer) are present in some localities; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations

      Suffrage:
      18 years of age; universal

      Executive branch:
      chief of state: Transitional Federal President Abdullahi YUSUF Ahmed (since 14 October 2004); note - a transitional governing entity with a five-year mandate, known as the Transitional Federal Institutions (TFIs), was established in October 2004; the TFI relocated to Somalia in June 2004, but its members remain divided between Mogadishu and Jowhar inside Somalia, and the government continues to struggle to establish effective governance in the country
      head of government: Prime Minister Ali Mohamed GHEDI (since 24 December 2004)
      cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the prime minister and approved by the Transitional Federal Assembly
      election results: Abdullahi YUSUF Ahmed, the former leader of the semi-autonomous Puntland region of Somalia, was elected president by the Transitional Federal Assembly

      Legislative branch:
      unicameral National Assembly
      note: fledgling parliament; a 275-member Transitional Federal Assembly; the new parliament consists of 61 seats assigned to each of four large clan groups (Darod, Digil-Mirifle, Dir, and Hawiye) with the remaining 31 seats divided between minority clans

      Judicial branch:
      following the breakdown of the central government, most regions have reverted to local forms of conflict resolution, either secular, traditional Somali customary law, or Shari'a (Islamic) law with a provision for appeal of all sentences

      Political parties and leaders:
      none

      Political pressure groups and leaders:
      numerous clan and sub-clan factions are currently vying for power

      International organization participation:
      ACP, AfDB, AFESD, AMF, AU, CAEU, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IGAD, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM (observer), ITU, LAS, NAM, OIC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO

      Diplomatic representation in the US:
      Somalia does not have an embassy in the US (ceased operations on 8 May 1991); note - the TFG and other factions have representatives in Washington and at the United Nations

      Diplomatic representation from the US:
      the US does not have an embassy in Somalia; US interests are represented by the US Embassy in Nairobi, Kenya at United Nations Avenue, Gigiri, Nairobi; mailing address: Unit 64100, Nairobi; APO AE 09831; telephone: [254] (20) 363-6000; FAX [254] (20) 363-6157

      Flag description:
      light blue with a large white five-pointed star in the center; blue field influenced by the flag of the UN

      Government - note:
      although an interim government was created in 2004, other regional and local governing bodies continue to exist and control various cities and regions of the country, including the self-declared Republic of Somaliland in northwestern Somalia, the semi-autonomous State of Puntland in northeastern Somalia, and traditional clan and faction strongholds


      NOTE: The information regarding Somalia on this page is re-published from the 2006 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Somalia Government 2006 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Somalia Government 2006 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    http://www.theodora.com/wfbcurrent/somalia/somalia_government.html

    Revised 06-Jun-06
    Copyright © 2006 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


    CTR060106