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    Syria Index 2006

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    Syria Geography - 2006
    http://www.theodora.com/wfbcurrent/syria/syria_geography.html
    SOURCE: 2006 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Location:
      Middle East, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Lebanon and Turkey

      Geographic coordinates:
      35 00 N, 38 00 E

      Map references:
      Middle East

      Area:
      total: 185,180 sq km
      land: 184,050 sq km
      water: 1,130 sq km
      note: includes 1,295 sq km of Israeli-occupied territory

      Area - comparative:
      slightly larger than North Dakota

      Land boundaries:
      total: 2,253 km
      border countries: Iraq 605 km, Israel 76 km, Jordan 375 km, Lebanon 375 km, Turkey 822 km

      Coastline:
      193 km

      Maritime claims:
      territorial sea: 12 nm
      contiguous zone: 41 nm

      Climate:
      mostly desert; hot, dry, sunny summers (June to August) and mild, rainy winters (December to February) along coast; cold weather with snow or sleet periodically in Damascus

      Terrain:
      primarily semiarid and desert plateau; narrow coastal plain; mountains in west

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: unnamed location near Lake Tiberias -200 m
      highest point: Mount Hermon 2,814 m

      Natural resources:
      petroleum, phosphates, chrome and manganese ores, asphalt, iron ore, rock salt, marble, gypsum, hydropower

      Land use:
      arable land: 24.8%
      permanent crops: 4.47%
      other: 70.73% (2005)

      Irrigated land:
      13,330 sq km (2003)

      Natural hazards:
      dust storms, sandstorms

      Environment - current issues:
      deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification; water pollution from raw sewage and petroleum refining wastes; inadequate potable water

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Environmental Modification

      Geography - note:
      there are 42 Israeli settlements and civilian land use sites in the Israeli-occupied Golan Heights (August 2005 est.)


      NOTE: The information regarding Syria on this page is re-published from the 2006 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Syria Geography 2006 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Syria Geography 2006 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    http://www.theodora.com/wfbcurrent/syria/syria_geography.html

    Revised 06-Jun-06
    Copyright © 2006 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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