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    Tuvalu Index 2006

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    Tuvalu Geography - 2006
    http://www.theodora.com/wfbcurrent/tuvalu/tuvalu_geography.html
    SOURCE: 2006 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Location:
      Oceania, island group consisting of nine coral atolls in the South Pacific Ocean, about one-half of the way from Hawaii to Australia

      Geographic coordinates:
      8 00 S, 178 00 E

      Map references:
      Oceania

      Area:
      total: 26 sq km
      land: 26 sq km
      water: 0 sq km

      Area - comparative:
      0.1 times the size of Washington, DC

      Land boundaries:
      0 km

      Coastline:
      24 km

      Maritime claims:
      territorial sea: 12 nm
      contiguous zone: 24 nm
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm

      Climate:
      tropical; moderated by easterly trade winds (March to November); westerly gales and heavy rain (November to March)

      Terrain:
      very low-lying and narrow coral atolls

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
      highest point: unnamed location 5 m

      Natural resources:
      fish

      Land use:
      arable land: 0%
      permanent crops: 66.67%
      other: 33.33% (2005)

      Irrigated land:
      NA

      Natural hazards:
      severe tropical storms are usually rare, but, in 1997, there were three cyclones; low level of islands make them sensitive to changes in sea level

      Environment - current issues:
      since there are no streams or rivers and groundwater is not potable, most water needs must be met by catchment systems with storage facilities (the Japanese Government has built one desalination plant and plans to build one other); beachhead erosion because of the use of sand for building materials; excessive clearance of forest undergrowth for use as fuel; damage to coral reefs from the spread of the Crown of Thorns starfish; Tuvalu is concerned about global increases in greenhouse gas emissions and their effect on rising sea levels, which threaten the country's underground water table; in 2000, the government appealed to Australia and New Zealand to take in Tuvaluans if rising sea levels should make evacuation necessary

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note:
      one of the smallest and most remote countries on Earth; six of the coral atolls - Nanumea, Nui, Vaitupu, Nukufetau, Funafuti, and Nukulaelae - have lagoons open to the ocean; Nanumaya and Niutao have landlocked lagoons; Niulakita does not have a lagoon


      NOTE: The information regarding Tuvalu on this page is re-published from the 2006 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Tuvalu Geography 2006 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Tuvalu Geography 2006 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    http://www.theodora.com/wfbcurrent/tuvalu/tuvalu_geography.html

    Revised 06-Jun-06
    Copyright © 2006 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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