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Afghanistan People 2011
http://www.theodora.com/wfb2011/afghanistan/afghanistan_people.html
SOURCE: 2011 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


















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Page last updated on January 13, 2011

Population:
29,121,286
country comparison to the world: 41
note: this is a significantly revised figure; the previous estimate of 33,609,937 was extrapolated from the last Afghan census held in 1979, which was never completed because of the Soviet invasion; a new Afghan census is scheduled to take place in 2010 (July 2010 est.)
[see also: Population country ranks ]

Age structure:
0-14 years: 43.6% (male 6,343,611/female 6,036,673)
[see also: Age structure - 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-64 years: 54% (male 7,864,422/female 7,470,617)
[see also: Age structure - 15-64 years country ranks ]
65 years and over: 2.4% (male 326,873/female 353,520) (2010 est.)
[see also: Age structure - 65 years and over country ranks ]

Median age:
total: 18 years
[see also: Median age - total country ranks ]
male: 17.9 years
[see also: Median age - male country ranks ]
female: 18 years (2010 est.)
[see also: Median age - female country ranks ]

Population growth rate:
2.471% (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 33
[see also: Population growth rate country ranks ]

Birth rate:
38.11 births/1,000 population (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 19
[see also: Birth rate country ranks ]

Death rate:
17.65 deaths/1,000 population (July 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 3
[see also: Death rate country ranks ]

Net migration rate:
4.24 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 23
[see also: Net migration rate country ranks ]

Urbanization:
urban population: 24% of total population (2008)
[see also: Urbanization - urban population country ranks ]
rate of urbanization: 5.4% annual rate of change (2005-10 est.)
[see also: Urbanization - rate of urbanization country ranks ]

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - at birth country ranks ]
under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - under 15 years country ranks ]
15-64 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 15-64 years country ranks ]
65 years and over: 0.92 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 65 years and over country ranks ]
total population: 1.05 male(s)/female (2010 est.)
[see also: Sex ratio - total population country ranks ]

Infant mortality rate:
total: 151.5 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 2
[see also: Infant mortality rate - total country ranks ]
male: 155.15 deaths/1,000 live births
[see also: Infant mortality rate - male country ranks ]
female: 147.67 deaths/1,000 live births (2010 est.)
[see also: Infant mortality rate - female country ranks ]

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 44.65 years
country comparison to the world: 222
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - total population country ranks ]
male: 44.45 years
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - male country ranks ]
female: 44.87 years (2010 est.)
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - female country ranks ]

Total fertility rate:
5.5 children born/woman (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 13
[see also: Total fertility rate country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
0.01% (2001 est.)
country comparison to the world: 168
[see also: HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
NA
[see also: HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - deaths:
NA
[see also: HIV/AIDS - deaths country ranks ]

Major infectious diseases:
degree of risk: high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne disease: malaria
animal contact disease: rabies
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2009)

Nationality:
noun: Afghan(s)
adjective: Afghan

Ethnic groups:
Pashtun 42%, Tajik 27%, Hazara 9%, Uzbek 9%, Aimak 4%, Turkmen 3%, Baloch 2%, other 4%

Religions:
Sunni Muslim 80%, Shia Muslim 19%, other 1%

Languages:
Afghan Persian or Dari (official) 50%, Pashto (official) 35%, Turkic languages (primarily Uzbek and Turkmen) 11%, 30 minor languages (primarily Balochi and Pashai) 4%, much bilingualism

Literacy:
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 28.1%
[see also: Literacy - total population country ranks ]
male: 43.1%
[see also: Literacy - male country ranks ]
female: 12.6% (2000 est.)
[see also: Literacy - female country ranks ]

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
total: 8 years
male: 11 years
female: 5 years (2004)

Education expenditures:
NA
[see also: Education expenditures country ranks ]


NOTE: The information regarding Afghanistan on this page is re-published from the 2011 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Afghanistan People 2011 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Afghanistan People 2011 should be addressed to the CIA.



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This page was last modified 09-Feb-11
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