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Somalia Geography 2011
http://www.theodora.com/wfb2011/somalia/somalia_geography.html
SOURCE: 2011 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


















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Page last updated on January 3, 2011

Location:
Eastern Africa, bordering the Gulf of Aden and the Indian Ocean, east of Ethiopia

Geographic coordinates:
10 00 N, 49 00 E

Map references:
Africa

Area:
total: 637,657 sq km
country comparison to the world: 43
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 627,337 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 10,320 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]

Area - comparative:
slightly smaller than Texas

Land boundaries:
total: 2,340 km
[see also: Land boundaries - total country ranks ]
border countries: Djibouti 58 km, Ethiopia 1,600 km, Kenya 682 km

Coastline:
3,025 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 200 nm

Climate:
principally desert; northeast monsoon (December to February), moderate temperatures in north and hot in south; southwest monsoon (May to October), torrid in the north and hot in the south, irregular rainfall, hot and humid periods (tangambili) between monsoons
More Climate Details

Terrain:
mostly flat to undulating plateau rising to hills in north

Elevation extremes:
lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
[see also: Elevation extremes - lowest point country ranks ]
highest point: Shimbiris 2,416 m
[see also: Elevation extremes - highest point country ranks ]

Natural resources:
uranium and largely unexploited reserves of iron ore, tin, gypsum, bauxite, copper, salt, natural gas, likely oil reserves

Land use:
arable land: 1.64%
[see also: Land use - arable land country ranks ]
permanent crops: 0.04%
[see also: Land use - permanent crops country ranks ]
other: 98.32% (2005)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
2,000 sq km (2003)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Total renewable water resources:
15.7 cu km (1997)
[see also: Total renewable water resources country ranks ]

Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural):
total: 3.29 cu km/yr (0%/0%/100%)
[see also: Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural) - total country ranks ]
per capita: 400 cu m/yr (2000)
[see also: Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural) - per capita country ranks ]

Natural hazards:
recurring droughts; frequent dust storms over eastern plains in summer; floods during rainy season

Environment - current issues:
famine; use of contaminated water contributes to human health problems; deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:
strategic location on Horn of Africa along southern approaches to Bab el Mandeb and route through Red Sea and Suez Canal


NOTE: The information regarding Somalia on this page is re-published from the 2011 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Somalia Geography 2011 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Somalia Geography 2011 should be addressed to the CIA.



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