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Afghanistan Geography 2015
http://www.theodora.com/wfbcurrent/afghanistan/afghanistan_geography.html
SOURCE: 2015 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


















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Page last updated on June 24, 2014

Location:
Southern Asia, north and west of Pakistan, east of Iran

Geographic coordinates:
33 00 N, 65 00 E

Map references:
Asia

Area:
total: 652,230 sq km
country comparison to the world: 41
land: 652,230 sq km
water: 0 sq km

Area - comparative:
Area comparison map:

Land boundaries:
total: 5,987 km
border countries: China 91 km, Iran 921 km, Pakistan 2,670 km, Tajikistan 1,357 km, Turkmenistan 804 km, Uzbekistan 144 km
[see also: Land boundaries country ranks ]

Coastline:
0 km (landlocked)
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims: none (landlocked)

Climate:
arid to semiarid; cold winters and hot summers
More Climate Details

Terrain:
mostly rugged mountains; plains in north and southwest

Elevation extremes:
lowest point: Amu Darya 258 m
highest point: Noshak 7,485 m

Natural resources:
natural gas, petroleum, coal, copper, chromite, talc, barites, sulfur, lead, zinc, iron ore, salt, precious and semiprecious stones

Land use:
arable land: 11.95%
permanent crops: 0.18%
other: 87.87% (2011)

Irrigated land:
32,080 sq km (2003)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Total renewable water resources:
65.33 cu km (2011)
[see also: Total renewable water resources country ranks ]

Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural):
total: 20.28 cu km/yr (1%/1%/98%)
per capita: 823.1 cu m/yr (2005)

Natural hazards:
damaging earthquakes occur in Hindu Kush mountains; flooding; droughts

Environment - current issues:
limited natural freshwater resources; inadequate supplies of potable water; soil degradation; overgrazing; deforestation (much of the remaining forests are being cut down for fuel and building materials); desertification; air and water pollution

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection
signed, but not ratified: Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation

Geography - note:
landlocked; the Hindu Kush mountains that run northeast to southwest divide the northern provinces from the rest of the country; the highest peaks are in the northern Vakhan (Wakhan Corridor)


NOTE: The information regarding Afghanistan on this page is re-published from the 2015 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Afghanistan Geography 2015 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Afghanistan Geography 2015 should be addressed to the CIA.



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