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Afghanistan PEOPLE 2014
http://www.theodora.com/wfbcurrent/afghanistan/afghanistan_people.html
SOURCE: 2014 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


















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Page last updated on December 17, 2013

Nationality:
noun: Afghan(s)
adjective: Afghan

Ethnic groups:
Pashtun 42%, Tajik 27%, Hazara 9%, Uzbek 9%, Aimak 4%, Turkmen 3%, Baloch 2%, other 4%

Languages:
Afghan Persian or Dari (official) 50%, Pashto (official) 35%, Turkic languages (primarily Uzbek and Turkmen) 11%, 30 minor languages (primarily Balochi and Pashai) 4%, much bilingualism, but Dari functions as the lingua franca
note: the Turkic languages Uzbek and Turkmen, as well as Balochi, Pashai, Nuristani, and Pamiri are the third official languages in areas where the majority speaks them

Religions:
Sunni Muslim 80%, Shia Muslim 19%, other 1%

Population:
31,108,077 (July 2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 41
[see also: Population country ranks ]

Age structure:
0-14 years: 42.6% (male 6,733,097/female 6,520,116)
[see also: Age structure 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-24 years: 21.9% (male 3,479,696/female 3,346,154)
25-54 years: 29.1% (male 4,623,203/female 4,440,635)
55-64 years: 3.8% (male 585,629/female 605,018)
65 years and over: 2.5% (male 360,395/female 414,134) (2013 est.)

Dependency ratios:
total dependency ratio: 96 %
[see also: Dependency ratios - total dependency ratio country ranks ]
youth dependency ratio: 91.4 %
elderly dependency ratio: 4.6 %
potential support ratio: 21.7 (2013)

Median age:
total: 17.9 years
[see also: Median age - total country ranks ]
male: 17.9 years
female: 18 years (2013 est.)

Population growth rate:
2.25% (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 42
[see also: Population growth rate country ranks ]

Birth rate:
39.05 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 12
[see also: Birth rate country ranks ]

Death rate:
14.35 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 7
[see also: Death rate country ranks ]

Net migration rate:
-2.16 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 166
[see also: Net migration rate country ranks ]

Urbanization:
urban population: 23.5% of total population (2011)
[see also: Urbanization - urban population country ranks ]
rate of urbanization: 4.41% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major urban areas - population:
KABUL (capital) 3.097 million (2011)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - at birth country ranks ]
0-14 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.97 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.87 male(s)/female
total population: 1.03 male(s)/female (2013 est.)

Mother's mean age at first birth:
20.1
note: Median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2010 est.)
[see also: Mother's mean age at first birth country ranks ]

Maternal mortality rate:
460 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
country comparison to the world: 23
[see also: Maternal mortality rate country ranks ]

Infant mortality rate:
total: 119.41 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 1
male: 127.18 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 111.25 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 50.11 years
country comparison to the world: 219
male: 48.81 years
female: 51.47 years (2013 est.)

Total fertility rate:
5.54 children born/woman (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 8
[see also: Total fertility rate country ranks ]

Contraceptive prevalence rate:
21.8% (2010)
[see also: Contraceptive prevalence rate country ranks ]

Health expenditures:
9.6% of GDP (2011)
country comparison to the world: 30
[see also: Health expenditures country ranks ]

Physicians density:
0.19 physicians/1,000 population (2010)
[see also: Physicians density country ranks ]

Hospital bed density:
0.4 beds/1,000 population (2010)
[see also: Hospital bed density country ranks ]

Drinking water source:
improved:

urban: 78% of population
rural: 42% of population
total: 50% of population
unimproved:
urban: 22% of population
rural: 58% of population
total: 50% of population (2010)

Sanitation facility access:
Improved:

urban: 60% of population
rural: 30% of population
total: 37% of population
Unimproved:
urban: 40% of population
rural: 70% of population
total: 63% of population (2010 est.)

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
0.01% (2001 est.)
country comparison to the world: 164
[see also: HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
NA
[see also: HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - deaths:
NA
[see also: HIV/AIDS - deaths country ranks ]

Major infectious diseases:
degree of risk: intermediate
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne disease: malaria
animal contact disease: rabies
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2013)

Obesity - adult prevalence rate:
2.2% (2008)
country comparison to the world: 182
[see also: Obesity - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

Children under the age of 5 years underweight:
32.9% (2004)
country comparison to the world: 10
[see also: Children under the age of 5 years underweight country ranks ]

Education expenditures:
NA
[see also: Education expenditures - percent of GDP country ranks ]

Literacy:
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 28.1%
male: 43.1%
female: 12.6% (2000 est.)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
total: 8 years
male: 10 years
female: 6 years (2009)

Child labor - children ages 5-14:
total number: 3,252,243
[see also: Child labor - children ages 5-14 - total number country ranks ]
percentage: 25 %
note: data on child labor in Afghanistan is uncertain and may be higher than the estimated 25% of children ages 5-14 derived from 2011 survey results; UNICEF estimated that 30% of children ages 5-14 in 2011 were engaged in child labor (2008 est.)


NOTE: The information regarding Afghanistan on this page is re-published from the 2014 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Afghanistan PEOPLE 2014 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Afghanistan PEOPLE 2014 should be addressed to the CIA.



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