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Algeria Geography 2017
http://www.theodora.com/wfbcurrent/algeria/algeria_geography.html
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Algeria Geography 2017
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on January 12, 2017

Location:
Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Morocco and Tunisia

Geographic coordinates:
28 00 N, 3 00 E

Map references:
Africa

Area:
total: 2,381,741 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 2,381,741 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 0 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 10

Area - comparative:
slightly less than 3.5 times the size of Texas
Area comparison map: slightly less than 3.5 times the size of Texas

Land boundaries:
total: 6,734 km
border countries (7): Libya 989 km, Mali 1,359 km, Mauritania 460 km, Morocco 1,900 km, Niger 951 km, Tunisia 1,034 km, Western Sahara 41 km
[see also: Land boundaries country ranks ]

Coastline:
998 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive fishing zone: 32-52 nm

Climate:
arid to semiarid; mild, wet winters with hot, dry summers along coast; drier with cold winters and hot summers on high plateau; sirocco is a hot, dust/sand-laden wind especially common in summer

Terrain:
mostly high plateau and desert; some mountains; narrow, discontinuous coastal plain

Elevation:
mean elevation: 800 m
[see also: Mean Elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: lowest point: Chott Melrhir -40 m highest point: Tahat 3,003 m

Natural resources:
petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, phosphates, uranium, lead, zinc

Land use:
agricultural land: 17.3% arable land 3.1%; permanent crops 0.4%; permanent pasture 13.8%
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
forest: 0.6%
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 82% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
5,700 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population - distribution:
the vast majority of the populace is found in the extreme northern part of the country along the Mediterranean Coast

Natural hazards:
mountainous areas subject to severe earthquakes; mudslides and floods in rainy season

Environment - current issues:
soil erosion from overgrazing and other poor farming practices; desertification; dumping of raw sewage, petroleum refining wastes, and other industrial effluents is leading to the pollution of rivers and coastal waters; Mediterranean Sea, in particular, becoming polluted from oil wastes, soil erosion, and fertilizer runoff; inadequate supplies of potable water

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:
largest country in Africa


NOTE: The information regarding Algeria on this page is re-published from the 2017 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Algeria Geography 2017 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Algeria Geography 2017 should be addressed to the CIA.




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