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Antigua and Barbuda Geography 2017
http://www.theodora.com/wfbcurrent/antigua_and_barbuda/antigua_and_barbuda_geography.html
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Antigua and Barbuda Geography 2017
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on January 12, 2017

Location:
Caribbean, islands between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, east-southeast of Puerto Rico

Geographic coordinates:
17 03 N, 61 48 W

Map references:
Central America and the Caribbean

Area:
total: 442.6 sq km (Antigua 280 sq km; Barbuda 161 sq km)
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 442.6 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 0 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
note: includes Redonda, 1.6 sq km
country comparison to the world: 201

Area - comparative:
2.5 times the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries:
0 km
[see also: Land boundaries country ranks ]

Coastline:
153 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin

Climate:
tropical maritime; little seasonal temperature variation

Terrain:
mostly low-lying limestone and coral islands, with some higher volcanic areas

Elevation:
mean elevation: NA
[see also: Mean Elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m highest point: Mount Obama 402 m

Natural resources:
NEGL; pleasant climate fosters tourism

Land use:
agricultural land: 20.5% arable land 9.1%; permanent crops 2.3%; permanent pasture 9.1%
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
forest: 22.3%
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 57.2% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
1.3 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population - distribution:
the island of Antigua is home to approximately 97% of the population; nearly the entire population of Barbuda lives in Codrington

Natural hazards:
hurricanes and tropical storms (July to October); periodic droughts

Environment - current issues:
water management - a major concern because of limited natural freshwater resources - is further hampered by the clearing of trees to increase crop production, causing rainfall to run off quickly

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:
Antigua has a deeply indented shoreline with many natural harbors and beaches; Barbuda has a large western harbor


NOTE: The information regarding Antigua and Barbuda on this page is re-published from the 2017 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Antigua and Barbuda Geography 2017 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Antigua and Barbuda Geography 2017 should be addressed to the CIA.




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