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Armenia Geography 2017
http://www.theodora.com/wfbcurrent/armenia/armenia_geography.html
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Armenia Geography 2017
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on January 12, 2017

Location:
Southwestern Asia, between Turkey (to the west) and Azerbaijan; note - Armenia views itself as part of Europe; geopolitically, it can be classified as falling within Europe, the Middle East, or both

Geographic coordinates:
40 00 N, 45 00 E

Map references:
Asia

Area:
total: 29,743 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 28,203 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 1,540 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 143

Area - comparative:
slightly smaller than Maryland

Land boundaries:
total: 1,570 km
border countries (4): Azerbaijan 996 km, Georgia 219 km, Iran 44 km, Turkey 311 km
[see also: Land boundaries country ranks ]

Coastline:
0 km (landlocked)
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
none (landlocked)

Climate:
highland continental, hot summers, cold winters

Terrain:
Armenian Highland with mountains; little forest land; fast flowing rivers; good soil in Aras River valley

Elevation:
mean elevation: 1,792 m
[see also: Mean Elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: lowest point: Debed River 400 m highest point: Aragats Lerrnagagat' 4,090 m

Natural resources:
small deposits of gold, copper, molybdenum, zinc, bauxite

Land use:
agricultural land: 59.7% arable land 15.8%; permanent crops 1.9%; permanent pasture 42%
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
forest: 9.1%
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 31.2% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
2,740 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population - distribution:
most of the population is located in the northern half of the country; the capital of Yerevan is home to more than three times as many people as the second largest city in the country

Natural hazards:
occasionally severe earthquakes; droughts

Environment - current issues:
soil pollution from toxic chemicals such as DDT; the energy crisis of the 1990s led to deforestation when citizens scavenged for firewood; pollution of Hrazdan (Razdan) and Aras Rivers; the draining of Sevana Lich (Lake Sevan), a result of its use as a source for hydropower, threatens drinking water supplies; restart of Metsamor nuclear power plant in spite of its location in a seismically active zone

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants

Geography - note:
landlocked in the Lesser Caucasus Mountains; Sevana Lich (Lake Sevan) is the largest lake in this mountain range


NOTE: The information regarding Armenia on this page is re-published from the 2017 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Armenia Geography 2017 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Armenia Geography 2017 should be addressed to the CIA.




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