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Australia Geography 2017
http://www.theodora.com/wfbcurrent/australia/australia_geography.html
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Australia Geography 2017
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on January 12, 2017

Location:
Oceania, continent between the Indian Ocean and the South Pacific Ocean

Geographic coordinates:
27 00 S, 133 00 E

Map references:
Oceania

Area:
total: 7,741,220 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 7,682,300 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 58,920 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
note: includes Lord Howe Island and Macquarie Island
country comparison to the world: 6

Area - comparative:
slightly smaller than the US contiguous 48 states
Area comparison map: slightly smaller than the US contiguous 48 states

Land boundaries:
0 km
[see also: Land boundaries country ranks ]

Coastline:
25,760 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin

Climate:
generally arid to semiarid; temperate in south and east; tropical in north

Terrain:
mostly low plateau with deserts; fertile plain in southeast

Elevation:
mean elevation: 330 m
[see also: Mean Elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: lowest point: Lake Eyre -15 m highest point: Mount Kosciuszko 2,229 m

Natural resources:
bauxite, coal, iron ore, copper, tin, gold, silver, uranium, nickel, tungsten, rare earth elements, mineral sands, lead, zinc, diamonds, natural gas, petroleum
note: Australia is the world's largest net exporter of coal accounting for 29% of global coal exports

Land use:
agricultural land: 53.4% arable land 6.2%; permanent crops 0.1%; permanent pasture 47.1%
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
forest: 19.3%
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 27.3% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
25,500 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Natural hazards:
cyclones along the coast; severe droughts; forest fires
volcanism: volcanic activity on Heard and McDonald Islands

Environment - current issues:
soil erosion from overgrazing, industrial development, urbanization, and poor farming practices; soil salinity rising due to the use of poor quality water; desertification; clearing for agricultural purposes threatens the natural habitat of many unique animal and plant species; the Great Barrier Reef off the northeast coast, the largest coral reef in the world, is threatened by increased shipping and its popularity as a tourist site; limited natural freshwater resources

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Seals, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:
world's smallest continent but sixth-largest country; the largest country in Oceania, the largest country entirely in the Southern Hemisphere, and the largest country without land borders; the only continent without glaciers; population concentrated along the eastern and southeastern coasts; the invigorating sea breeze known as the "Fremantle Doctor" affects the city of Perth on the west coast and is one of the most consistent winds in the world


NOTE: The information regarding Australia on this page is re-published from the 2017 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Australia Geography 2017 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Australia Geography 2017 should be addressed to the CIA.




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