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Chile Economy 2017
http://www.theodora.com/wfbcurrent/chile/chile_economy.html
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Chile Economy 2017
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on January 12, 2017

Economy - overview:
Chile has a market-oriented economy characterized by a high level of foreign trade and a reputation for strong financial institutions and sound policy that have given it the strongest sovereign bond rating in South America. Exports of goods and services account for approximately one-third of GDP, with commodities making up some 60% of total exports. Copper alone provides 20% of government revenue.From 2003 through 2013, real growth averaged almost 5% per year, despite the slight contraction in 2009 that resulted from the global financial crisis. Growth slowed to an estimated 2.3% in 2015. A continued drop in copper prices prompted Chile to experience its second consecutive year of slow growth, elevated inflation, and a depreciating currency.Chile deepened its longstanding commitment to trade liberalization with the signing of a free trade agreement with the US, which took effect on 1 January 2004. Chile has 22 trade agreements covering 60 countries including agreements with the EU, Mercosur, China, India, South Korea, and Mexico. In May 2010, Chile signed the OECD Convention, becoming the first South American country to join the OECD. In October 2015, Chile joined the US and 10 other countries and concluded negotiations on the Trans-Pacific Partnership trade agreement. The agreement will need to be ratified by the Chilean legislature.The Chilean Government has generally followed a countercyclical fiscal policy, accumulating surpluses in sovereign wealth funds during periods of high copper prices and economic growth, and generally allowing deficit spending only during periods of low copper prices and growth. As of 31 October 2015, those sovereign wealth funds - kept mostly outside the country and separate from Central Bank reserves - amounted to more than $22.4 billion. Chile used these funds to finance fiscal stimulus packages during the 2009 economic downturn.In 2014, President Michelle BACHELET introduced tax reforms aimed at delivering her campaign promise to fight inequality and to provide access to education and health care. The reforms are expected to generate additional tax revenues equal to 3% of Chile’s GDP, mostly by increasing corporate tax rates to OECD averages.

GDP (purchasing power parity):
$436.1 billion (2016 est.) $428.8 billion (2015 est.) $419.2 billion (2014 est.)
note: data are in 2016 dollars
country comparison to the world: 45
[see also: GDP country ranks ]

GDP (official exchange rate):
$234.9 billion (2015 est.)
[see also: GDP (official exchange rate) country ranks ]

GDP - real growth rate:
1.7% (2016 est.) 2.3% (2015 est.) 1.8% (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 150
[see also: GDP - real growth rate country ranks ]

GDP - per capita:
$24,000 (2016 est.) $23,800 (2015 est.) $23,500 (2014 est.)
note: data are in 2016 dollars
country comparison to the world: 80
[see also: GDP - per capita country ranks ]

Gross national saving:
20.4% of GDP (2016 est.) 20.4% of GDP (2015 est.) 20.9% of GDP (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 79
[see also: Gross national saving country ranks ]

GDP - composition, by end use:
household consumption: 64.9%
[see also: GDP - composition, by end use - household consumption country ranks ]
government consumption: 14.1%
[see also: GDP - composition, by end use - government consumption country ranks ]
investment in fixed capital: 22%
[see also: GDP - composition, by end use - investment in fixed capital country ranks ]
investment in inventories: -0.2%
[see also: GDP - composition, by end use - investment in inventories country ranks ]
exports of goods and services: 27.7%
[see also: GDP - composition, by end use - exports of goods and services country ranks ]
imports of goods and services: -28.5% (2016 est.)
[see also: GDP - composition, by end use - imports of goods and services country ranks ]

GDP - composition, by sector of origin:
agriculture: 4%
[see also: GDP - composition, by sector of origin - agriculture country ranks ]
industry: 32.4%
[see also: GDP - composition, by sector of origin - industry country ranks ]
services: 63.6% (2016 est.)
[see also: GDP - composition, by sector of origin - services country ranks ]

Agriculture - products:
grapes, apples, pears, onions, wheat, corn, oats, peaches, garlic, asparagus, beans; beef, poultry, wool; fish; timber

Industries:
copper, lithium, other minerals, foodstuffs, fish processing, iron and steel, wood and wood products, transport equipment, cement, textiles

Industrial production growth rate:
0.2% (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 172
[see also: Industrial production growth rate country ranks ]

Labor force:
8.777 million (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 58
[see also: Labor force country ranks ]

Labor force - by occupation:
agriculture: 13.2%
[see also: Labor force - by occupation - agriculture country ranks ]
industry: 23%
[see also: Labor force - by occupation - industry country ranks ]
services: 63.9% (2005)
[see also: Labor force - by occupation - services country ranks ]

Unemployment rate:
7% (2016 est.) 6.3% (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 82
[see also: Unemployment rate country ranks ]

Population below poverty line:
14.4% (2013)
[see also: Population below poverty line country ranks ]

Household income or consumption by percentage share:
lowest 10%: 1.5%
[see also: Household income or consumption by percentage share - lowest 10% country ranks ]
highest 10%: 42.8% (2009 est.)
[see also: Household income or consumption by percentage share - highest 10% country ranks ]

Distribution of family income - Gini index:
52.1 (2009) 57.1 (2000)
country comparison to the world: 14
[see also: Distribution of family income - Gini index country ranks ]

Budget:
revenues: $49.52 billion
[see also: Budget revenues country ranks ]
expenditures: $55.74 billion (2016 est.)
[see also: Budget expenditures country ranks ]

Taxes and other revenues:
21.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 146
[see also: Taxes and other revenues country ranks ]

Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-):
-2.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 85
[see also: Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) country ranks ]

Public debt:
18.5% of GDP (2016 est.) 16.7% of GDP (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 165
[see also: Public debt country ranks ]

Fiscal year:
calendar year

Inflation rate (consumer prices):
4.1% (2016 est.) 4.3% (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 164
[see also: Inflation rate (consumer prices) country ranks ]

Central bank discount rate:
3.12% (31 December 2010) 0.5% (31 December 2009)
country comparison to the world: 102
[see also: Central bank discount rate country ranks ]

Commercial bank prime lending rate:
6.1% (31 December 2016 est.) 5.52% (31 December 2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 124
[see also: Commercial bank prime lending rate country ranks ]

Stock of narrow money:
$45.71 billion (31 December 2016 est.) $39.88 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 53
[see also: Stock of narrow money country ranks ]

Stock of broad money:
$154.4 billion (31 December 2014 est.) $158 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 49
[see also: Stock of broad money country ranks ]

Stock of domestic credit:
$218.5 billion (31 December 2016 est.) $188.4 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 44
[see also: Stock of domestic credit country ranks ]

Market value of publicly traded shares:
$190.4 billion (31 December 2015 est.) $233.2 billion (31 December 2014 est.) $265.2 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 34
[see also: Market value of publicly traded shares country ranks ]

Current account balance:
-$4.55 billion (2016 est.) -$4.765 billion (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 169
[see also: Current account balance country ranks ]

Exports:
$56.32 billion (2016 est.) $62.23 billion (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 45
[see also: Exports country ranks ]

Exports - commodities:
copper, fruit, fish products, paper and pulp, chemicals, wine

Exports - partners:
China 26.3%, US 13.2%, Japan 8.5%, South Korea 6.5%, Brazil 4.9% (2015)

Imports:
$56.86 billion (2016 est.) $58.74 billion (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 46
[see also: Imports country ranks ]

Imports - commodities:
petroleum and petroleum products, chemicals, electrical and telecommunications equipment, industrial machinery, vehicles, natural gas

Imports - partners:
China 23.4%, US 18.8%, Brazil 7.8%, Argentina 4% (2015)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold:
$36.79 billion (31 December 2016 est.) $38.64 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 44
[see also: Reserves of foreign exchange and gold country ranks ]

Debt - external:
$160 billion (31 December 2016 est.) $156.1 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 37
[see also: Debt - external country ranks ]

Stock of direct foreign investment - at home:
$194.8 billion (31 December 2016 est.) $176.8 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 30
[see also: Stock of direct foreign investment - at home country ranks ]

Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad:
$89.23 billion (31 December 2016 est.) $72.81 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 35
[see also: Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad country ranks ]

Exchange rates:
Chilean pesos (CLP) per US dollar - 673.2 (2016 est.) 658.93 (2015 est.) 658.93 (2014 est.) 570.37 (2013 est.) 486.49 (2012 est.)


NOTE: The information regarding Chile on this page is re-published from the 2017 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Chile Economy 2017 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Chile Economy 2017 should be addressed to the CIA.




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