Congo, Democratic Republic of the PEOPLE 2014

GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES Spanish Simplified Chinese French German Russian Hindi Arabic Portuguese

Page last updated on February 3, 2014

noun: Congolese (singular and plural)
adjective: Congolese or Congo

Ethnic groups:
over 200 African ethnic groups of which the majority are Bantu; the four largest tribes - Mongo, Luba, Kongo (all Bantu), and the Mangbetu-Azande (Hamitic) make up about 45% of the population

French (official), Lingala (a lingua franca trade language), Kingwana (a dialect of Kiswahili or Swahili), Kikongo, Tshiluba

Roman Catholic 50%, Protestant 20%, Kimbanguist 10%, Muslim 10%, other (includes syncretic sects and indigenous beliefs) 10%

75,507,308 (July 2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 20
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected
[see also: Population country ranks ]

Age structure:
0-14 years: 43.5% (male 16,549,895/female 16,303,497)
[see also: Age structure 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-24 years: 21.3% (male 8,055,525/female 8,014,205)
25-54 years: 29.1% (male 10,955,261/female 11,003,910)
55-64 years: 3.5% (male 1,247,479/female 1,420,102)
65 years and over: 2.6% (male 822,168/female 1,135,266) (2013 est.)

Dependency ratios:
total dependency ratio: 91.9 %
[see also: Dependency ratios - total dependency ratio country ranks ]
youth dependency ratio: 86.4 %
elderly dependency ratio: 5.5 %
potential support ratio: 18.2 (2013)

Median age:
total: 17.7 years
[see also: Median age - total country ranks ]
male: 17.5 years
female: 17.9 years (2013 est.)

Population growth rate:
2.54% (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 28
[see also: Population growth rate country ranks ]

Birth rate:
36.34 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 20
[see also: Birth rate country ranks ]

Death rate:
10.54 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 43
[see also: Death rate country ranks ]

Net migration rate:
-0.4 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 132
[see also: Net migration rate country ranks ]

urban population: 34.3% of total population (2011)
[see also: Urbanization - urban population country ranks ]
rate of urbanization: 4.19% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major urban areas - population:
KINSHASA (capital) 8.798 million; Lubumbashi 1.543 million; Mbuji-Mayi 1.488 million; Kananga 878,000; Kisangani 812,000 (2011)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - at birth country ranks ]
0-14 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.87 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.72 male(s)/female
total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2013 est.)

Mother's mean age at first birth:
20.2 (2007 est.)
[see also: Mother's mean age at first birth country ranks ]

Maternal mortality rate:
540 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
country comparison to the world: 18
[see also: Maternal mortality rate country ranks ]

Infant mortality rate:
total: 74.87 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 12
male: 78.56 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 71.07 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 56.14 years
country comparison to the world: 200
male: 54.66 years
female: 57.66 years (2013 est.)

Total fertility rate:
4.95 children born/woman (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 20
[see also: Total fertility rate country ranks ]

Contraceptive prevalence rate:
17.7% (2010)
[see also: Contraceptive prevalence rate country ranks ]

Health expenditures:
8.5% of GDP (2011)
country comparison to the world: 52
[see also: Health expenditures country ranks ]

Physicians density:
0.11 physicians/1,000 population (2004)
[see also: Physicians density country ranks ]

Hospital bed density:
0.8 beds/1,000 population (2006)
[see also: Hospital bed density country ranks ]

Drinking water source:

urban: 79.6% of population
rural: 28.9% of population
total: 46.2% of population
urban: 20.4% of population
rural: 71.1% of population
total: 53.8% of population (2011 est.)

Sanitation facility access:

urban: 29.2% of population
rural: 31.5% of population
total: 30.7% of population
urban: 70.8% of population
rural: 68.5% of population
total: 69.3% of population (2011 est.)

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
[see also: HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
[see also: HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - deaths:
[see also: HIV/AIDS - deaths country ranks ]

Major infectious diseases:
degree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria, dengue fever, and trypanosomiasis-gambiense (African sleeping sickness)
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
animal contact disease: rabies (2013)

Obesity - adult prevalence rate:
1.7% (2008)
country comparison to the world: 185
[see also: Obesity - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

Children under the age of 5 years underweight:
28.2% (2007)
country comparison to the world: 20
[see also: Children under the age of 5 years underweight country ranks ]

Education expenditures:
2.5% of GDP (2010)
country comparison to the world: 159
[see also: Education expenditures - percent of GDP country ranks ]

definition: age 15 and over can read and write French, Lingala, Kingwana, or Tshiluba
total population: 66.8%
male: 76.9%
female: 57% (2010 est.)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
total: 8 years
male: 10 years
female: 7 years (2011)

Child labor - children ages 5-14:
total number: 8,284,395
[see also: Child labor - children ages 5-14 - total number country ranks ]
percentage: 42 % (2010 est.)

NOTE: The information regarding Congo, Democratic Republic of the on this page is re-published from the 2014 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Congo, Democratic Republic of the PEOPLE 2014 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Congo, Democratic Republic of the PEOPLE 2014 should be addressed to the CIA.

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