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Croatia Geography 2017
http://www.theodora.com/wfbcurrent/croatia/croatia_geography.html
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Croatia Geography 2017
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on January 12, 2017

Location:
Southeastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea, between Bosnia and Herzegovina and Slovenia

Geographic coordinates:
45 10 N, 15 30 E

Map references:
Europe

Area:
total: 56,594 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 55,974 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 620 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 127

Area - comparative:
slightly smaller than West Virginia

Land boundaries:
total: 2,237 km
border countries (5): Bosnia and Herzegovina 956 km, Hungary 348 km, Montenegro 19 km, Serbia 314 km, Slovenia 600 km
[see also: Land boundaries country ranks ]

Coastline:
5,835 km (mainland 1,777 km, islands 4,058 km)
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation

Climate:
Mediterranean and continental; continental climate predominant with hot summers and cold winters; mild winters, dry summers along coast

Terrain:
geographically diverse; flat plains along Hungarian border, low mountains and highlands near Adriatic coastline and islands

Elevation:
mean elevation: 331 m
[see also: Mean Elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: lowest point: Adriatic Sea 0 m highest point: Dinara 1,831 m

Natural resources:
oil, some coal, bauxite, low-grade iron ore, calcium, gypsum, natural asphalt, silica, mica, clays, salt, hydropower

Land use:
agricultural land: 23.7% arable land 16%; permanent crops 1.5%; permanent pasture 6.2%
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
forest: 34.4%
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 41.9% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
240 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population - distribution:
more of the population lives in the northern half of the country, with approximately a quarter of the populace residing in and around the capital of Zagreb; many of the islands are sparsely populated

Natural hazards:
destructive earthquakes

Environment - current issues:
air pollution (from metallurgical plants) and resulting acid rain is damaging the forests; coastal pollution from industrial and domestic waste; landmine removal and reconstruction of infrastructure consequent to 1992-95 civil strife

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:
controls most land routes from Western Europe to Aegean Sea and Turkish Straits; most Adriatic Sea islands lie off the coast of Croatia - some 1,200 islands, islets, ridges, and rocks


NOTE: The information regarding Croatia on this page is re-published from the 2017 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Croatia Geography 2017 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Croatia Geography 2017 should be addressed to the CIA.




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